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IEEE Spectrum

Volume 31 Issue 9 • Sept. 1994

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Displaying Results 1 - 4 of 4
  • Industrial R&D: the new priorities

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):30 - 36
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1158 KB)

    Commercial research institutions throughout the industrialized world have suffered cutbacks both in the number of working R&D scientists and engineers and in funding from their parent companies. No longer the ivory towers of the past 40 years, industrial laboratories of the '90s are fast paced, market driven, and highly competitive. Here, the author presents the new outlook of industrial labor... View full abstract»

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  • Elevators for skyscrapers

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):42 - 46
    Cited by:  Papers (28)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (825 KB)

    As buildings get taller, their elevators take up an ever larger fraction of their volume, reducing the amount of rentable space. At the same time, as suspension cables get longer, they run into strength and stability limitations. The author describes how the solution to both problems may well be one-shaft ropeless systems, with multiple cars in the same hoistway.<<ETX>> View full abstract»

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  • Manufacturing ICs the neural way

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):47 - 51
    Cited by:  Papers (39)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (734 KB)

    To offset the enormous investment of semiconductor companies, chip manufacturers must innovate to a greater degree in the fabrication processes themselves. The aim is to employ the latest computer hardware and software developments-namely, computer-integrated manufacturing of integrated circuits (or IC-CIM)-to optimize the cost-effectiveness of IC manufacture, much as computer-aided design (CAD) r... View full abstract»

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  • Documentation on tap

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):52 - 56
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (705 KB)

    Electronic versions of documents can be more useful than their paper counterparts, by reducing costs and providing a more effective means of accessing and searching for information. Such systems can take input from a number of sources and convert it into a common form that can be browsed through, searched, and, where necessary, annotated on screen. The author describes how, when implementing an el... View full abstract»

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