Volume 43 Issue 1 • Jan. 2006

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  • IEEE Spectrum Magazine - January 2006 - Vol. 43 No. 1

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): 01
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  • IEEE Spectrum - Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):1 - 3
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  • IEEE Spectrum - Online

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): 5
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • The Back Story

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): 6
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
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  • Forum

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): 8
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  • Spectral Lines: What Separates Winners from Losers? You Tell Us

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s): 9
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  • Get-rich-quick scheme [innovative electricity conservation]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):10 - 12
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    This paper discusses how the New York-based company, ConsumerPowerline, is able to turn electricity conservation into a money-making venture. The idea behind ConsumerPowerline's business originated from a ruling in January 2000 by the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). By taking advantage of the New York Independent System Operator's Emergency Demand Response Program (EDRP), ConsumerP... View full abstract»

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  • Chaotic communication

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):11 - 12
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    This paper reports how European researchers were able to use the chaos phenomenon to send digital messages at gigabit per second speeds over 115 km of commercial optical fiber beneath the streets of Athens, Greece. A distinct advantage of chaotic communication is that it is often easier to generate robust, high-power chaotic signals than conventional ones. A chaotic signal is also harder for an ea... View full abstract»

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  • Antipiracy software opens door to electronic intruders

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):12 - 13
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    This paper discusses how Sony BMG made a big mistake in the production of hundreds of music CDs equipped with a copy protection software known as XCP. The concept of XCP was to block consumers from converting audio files to mp3's, as well as third-party sharing. The CD can be normally played in several audio players, but in the case of using it in a computer, XCP automatically prompts a specific m... View full abstract»

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  • Taking body temperature, inside out [body temperature monitoring]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):13 - 15
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (711 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Originally developed in the mid-1980s by NASA for monitoring the body temperatures of astronauts on the Space Shuttle, the "radio pill" has now found a new application in the football field. Several pro and college teams have begun issuing these multivitamin-size pills to players who they think might be at risk for heatstroke. Once swallowed, the pill acts as an internal thermometer, providing con... View full abstract»

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  • India's year of computing inexpensively

    Publication Year: 2006
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (199 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper reports how the price of PCs in India has become more affordable in 2005. Among the best sellers are the Nova NetPC from Novatium Solutions Ltd. and the Aamar PC from Xenitis Infotech, which sell for only about $100 to $300. To further reduce costs and maximize function, several PC makers are steering away from the Windows/Intel world by using Taiwanese processors that uses the Linux op... View full abstract»

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  • Tokyo power quake-proofs its grid control system

    Publication Year: 2006
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    NTT DoCoMo Inc., Japan's largest mobile phone company, has successfully transmitted 2.5 Gb/s of packet data in a downlink to a vehicle moving at 20 km/hr. DoCoMo owed its success to using bandwidth more efficiently and partly to bumping up two key technologies: multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) and quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM). Despite the success, DoCoMo realizes that they still hav... View full abstract»

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  • Barbados has a sweet idea [power generation from sugarcane breeding]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):16 - 17
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    West Indies Central Sugar Cane Breeding Station has developed a breed of sugar cane especially suited to fuel electric power plants. Although fuel cane's sugar content and quality are lower, they're good enough to convert to ethanol, a product blended with gasoline to reduce its cost and replace harmful antiknock additives. In addition, fuel cane can grow during the regular cane's off-season, ensu... View full abstract»

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  • Liquid-Crystal Kaleidoscope.

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):18 - 19
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  • Multimedia monster [supercomputer on a single chip]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):20 - 23
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    This paper presents a microprocessor jointly developed by IBM, Sony, and Toshiba, called Cell Broadband Engine Architecture (Cell). Originally conceived to power Sony's third-generation game console, the Playstation 3, Cell is a combination of general-purpose and multimedia processors. It defies an exact comparison with upcoming chips, but it's thought to be more powerful than the chips driving co... View full abstract»

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  • A touch too much [intrabody communications]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):24 - 25
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (162 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper describes a novel networking technology, called RedTacton, developed by NTT. RedTacton could ultimately let people transfer data to each other's handhelds by means of a handshake or a slap on the back. Using a transmitter embedded in, say, a PDA, RedTacton sends a 5-volt pulse along the surface of the body. The human body shunts most of this electricity to the ground, resulting in a wea... View full abstract»

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  • Carbon takeoff [carbon fiber composites]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):26 - 29
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    This paper describes the novel design of Boeing's new 787 Dreamliner, which showcases a fuselage and wings made almost entirely of carbon-fiber composites. The composite wing is lighter and more resistant to fatigue and corrosion than aluminum wings, and will help save fuel and lower maintenance costs. More than just another all-new plane, the 787 represents an evolutionary transition for Boeing's... View full abstract»

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  • Too little, too soon [solid-state flash memories]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):30 - 31
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    This paper discusses the disadvantages of Samsung's new NAND flash-based solid-state disks (SSD), which range in capacity from 4 to 32 GB aimed at notebook, subnotebook, and tablet computers. The NAND flash was developed to replace other storage media, especially those used in mobile products. However, because of its high price relative to hard drives, sales of NAND flash has been disappointing. C... View full abstract»

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  • A radio bypass [wireless broadband]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):32 - 35
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (990 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper explains why Malaysian Internet service provider, Jaring, is creating a 1-megabit per second wireless service in an attempt to compete better with the national carrier, Telekom Malaysia Berhad. Jaring aims to provide a wireless equivalent to DSL that can also carry high-quality telephone calls. While Jaring's transformation from mere service provider to network operator comes with consi... View full abstract»

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  • Motorola becomes a disk jockey [cellphone music]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):36 - 37
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    This paper describes Motorola's new music downloading service, called iRadio, a total music system for the car, the street, and the home. Designed to encourage impulse purchases, iRadio allows its subscribers access to the massive musical collections of major music labels. However, Motorola will do well to provide a few value-added features to this subscription-based service if it wants to compete... View full abstract»

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  • Black, white and readable [nanochromics display]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):38 - 41
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    The Irish company, Ntera Ltd., has developed an alternative to the LCD display. Called NanoChromics display (NCD), it features a stark, razor sharpness, with nearly black images on almost luminous, paper-white background. Text is easy to read in most lighting conditions, with a contrast ratio of 6:1 and a brightness of at least four times that of an LCD. NCD is also power-thrifty because its high ... View full abstract»

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  • Britain's identity crisis [biometric ID cards]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):42 - 43
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    To help in its fight against fraud, illegal immigration, organized crime, and terrorism, the British government proposed the issuance of a national identity card and an accompanying identity verification database system. The card-database combination is expected to provide a foolproof identify check for every person living in the UK. There are, however, several organizations such as the London Sch... View full abstract»

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  • Adrenaline for the grid [superconducting synchronous condenser]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):44 - 47
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    This paper presents a novel superconducting device that provides essential voltage support. A superconducting synchronous condenser is basically an electric generator that is optimized and operated to act like a capacitor or inductor, providing the grid with reactive power, an abstruse but absolutely vital element in any power system relying on alternating current. The condenser quickly provides l... View full abstract»

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  • Microsoft to spammers: go phish [e-mail security]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):48 - 49
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (277 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper compares the capabilities of two new e-mail security technologies specifically aimed at addressing the problem of spamming, especially phishing. On one hand is Microsoft's proposal, called Sender ID, and on the other is DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) from Cisco Systems Inc. and Yahoo Inc. While both proposals feature similar e-mail verification capabilities, Microsoft's Sender ID has... View full abstract»

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  • You tell us [IT advances]

    Publication Year: 2006, Page(s):50 - 54
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    This paper describes several IT-related projects that either succeeded or failed to achieve their respective design objectives. These projects include the Cisco/Yahoo's DKIM e-mail security system for eliminating spam, the Information Technology for European Advancement program, the Matshushita/Intel laptop PC that runs on a single battery charge for over eight hours, the fingerprint ID system for... View full abstract»

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IEEE Spectrum Magazine, the flagship publication of the IEEE, explores the development, applications and implications of new technologies.

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Editor-in-Chief
Susan Hassler
IEEE Spectrum Magazine