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IEEE Spectrum

Volume 39 Issue 10 • Oct. 2002

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Displaying Results 1 - 15 of 15
  • The amazing vanishing transistor act

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):28 - 33
    Cited by:  Papers (17)  |  Patents (27)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (355 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Radical changes are in the offing for transistors as their dimensions shrink to a few tens of nanometers. In 10 years time, the gate length-the market for gauging how small the transistor is-will be roughly one-fifth the size of the smallest in production today, only 10 nm instead of today's 50 nm. To get to that size and ensure that the transistor still operates will require many changes: to impr... View full abstract»

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  • Reap the wild wind [offshore wind farm]

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):34 - 39
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1125 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The worlds largest offshore wind farm is being built at Horns Rev (Reef) in the often turbulent seas off Denmark. The 80 towers in 20 km/sup 2/ of sea will be capable of generating 160 MW of power. Elsam expects Horns Rev to make 600 GWh of electricity a year, 2% of the country's consumption. This paper discusses the construction of the wind farm. View full abstract»

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  • Yucca Mountain pro and con [nuclear waste storage]

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):41 - 44
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (636 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    It's just a lonely ridge of volcanic rock in Nevada, but it's generating more controversy than an indicted CEO. It's where the US Department of Energy wants to build a permanent underground repository for high-level nuclear waste. This paper discusses the arguments for and against Yucca Mountain. View full abstract»

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  • A better ballot box?

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):46 - 50
    Cited by:  Papers (14)  |  Patents (30)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (351 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Election officials are examining technologies to address a wide range of voting issues. The problems observed in the November 2000 US election accelerated existing trends to get rid of lever machines, punch-cards, and hand-counted paper ballots and replace them with mark-sense balloting, Internet, and automatic teller machine (ATM) kiosk style computer-based systems. An estimated US $2-$4 billion ... View full abstract»

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  • Putting pen to screen on Tablet PCs

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):16 - 18
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (307 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    With the release of the first Tablet PCs produced to Microsoft Corp.'s general specifications, handheld computers may be about to leap into the ring with today's laptops. They will be about the size of the smaller laptops, will be at least as powerful, and maybe their biggest selling point-will be able to handle handwritten text. The Tablet PCs will be amply configured, general-purpose machines wi... View full abstract»

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  • Russia and Canada to ratify Kyoto Protocol

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):22 - 23
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (217 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Announcements at Johannesburg earth summit appear to guarantee the agreement will take force at the end of this year. The Kyoto protocol, which requires industrial countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and offers developing countries incentives to do the same, was adopted in 1997 as an implementation amendment to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. That treaty was adopted at the ... View full abstract»

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  • Virtual borders, real laws [Internet activity and treaties]

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):51 - 52
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (204 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    National governments are working to tame activity on the Internet. They have worked steadily to extend control over online activities that they believe affect their interests, even when the activities occur outside their borders. These usually involve what governments regard as their domain: protecting public order, enforcing commercial laws, and, occasionally, protecting consumer interests. Metho... View full abstract»

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  • Nissan v. Nissan [trademark dispute]

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):53 - 54
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (223 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Is a trademark dispute a case of David v. Goliath or a corporation fending off a greedy opportunist? This paper discusses the case of Uzi Nissan, who is locked in a multimillion-dollar legal battle over whether or not his use of the nissan.com Internet domain name infringes upon Japan's Nissan Motor Co.'s trademark. At the heart of the matter is the impact of the global Internet on trademark law, ... View full abstract»

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  • Not your mother's mammography [breast cancer detection]

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):56 - 57
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (211 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Breast cancer accounts for nearly one of every three cancers diagnosed in US women. While great strides have been made in early detection, the conventional method of mammography is not failproof it has trouble imaging dense tissue, it may show suspicious areas where no malignancy exists, and radiologists interpreting the images can miss up to 15 percent of cancers. It's also uncomfortable, requiri... View full abstract»

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  • Spectral Lines

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):9 - 12
    Request permission for reuse | PDF file iconPDF (300 KB) | HTML iconHTML
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Japanese firms go for biodegradable electronics

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):18 - 20
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (231 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Are compostable computers on their way? If Fujitsu's novel approach lives up to its promise, you'll soon be flinging your computer away safe in the knowledge that its shell will rot harmlessly in nearby soil. In early June 2002, Fujitsu Ltd. (Tokyo) announced the development of a biodegradable plastic for notebook computers, using new processes that build polymers from corn instead of petroleum. M... View full abstract»

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  • Riding on air in Virginia [Maglev train]

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):20 - 21
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (204 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The first operational magnetic levitation system in the United States will carry students across a university campus. Other magnetically levitated trains may cover many more kilometers and run at much higher speeds, but riders of the one at Old Dominion University (Norfolk, Va.) will have someplace to go at the other end. Instead of being used for test alone, this Maglev train will be unique in ac... View full abstract»

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  • US rocket with Russian engine gets to work

    Publication Year: 2002
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (196 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A new high-performance player has entered the crowded field of satellite launching with the inaugural flight in August 2002 of the Atlas-V rocket from Lockheed Martin Corp.'s brand new facility at Cape Canaveral, Fla. For its main propulsion system on the first stage, the Atlas-V boasts a Russian-built RD-180 engine-a modification of the RD-170, the worlds most powerful rocket engine, which powers... View full abstract»

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  • Left-handed material reacts to 3-D light

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):24 - 25
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (7)
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  • Computer kiosk expedites voter registration

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s): 26
    Cited by:  Patents (13)
    Request permission for reuse | PDF file iconPDF (216 KB) | HTML iconHTML
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