Volume 36 Issue 7 • July 1999

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Displaying Results 1 - 23 of 23
  • IEEE Spectrum - [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s): c1
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  • Newslog

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s): 1
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):2 - 4
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  • Forum

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):6 - 8
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  • A true visionary's truly fantastic vision

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):9 - 13
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  • Lives of computers

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):13 - 14
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  • Calendar

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):16 - 88R16
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  • Washington watch

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):16I4 - 16I5
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  • Recent books

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s): 16I8
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  • Design for people - NOT [Reflections]

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):20 - 21
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  • The 100-million transistor IC

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):22 - 24
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (5)
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  • The incredible shrinking transistor

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):25 - 29
    Cited by:  Papers (20)  |  Patents (8)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (828 KB)

    The steady down-scaling of CMOS device dimensions has been the main stimulus to the growth of microelectronics and the computer industry over the past two decades. The more an IC is scaled, the higher becomes its packing density, the higher its circuit speed, and the lower its power dissipation. Today, after many generations of scaling, the smallest feature in a CMOS transistor is approaching atom... View full abstract»

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  • The fine art of IC design

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):30 - 34
    Cited by:  Papers (10)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (5314 KB)

    Designers of 100-million-transistor chips face daunting challenges, most especially in dealing with switching currents, optimization, asynchronization, reuse, and design skills. Certain subjects-interconnections, for example-will prove to cut across all five topics. All the same, the issues offer a useful view on what designers will face in handling these complexities. These five topics are discus... View full abstract»

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  • Ultralight lithography [IC manufacture]

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):35 - 40
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3218 KB)

    Smaller IC features-in particular, narrower connecting linewidths-require the development of more precise tools. One key technology is semiconductor lithography, essentially the photographic transfer of IC features onto silicon substrates. As the wavelength of the light source used to expose IC patterns on wafers decreases, the properties of the camera system used for creating these minuscule patt... View full abstract»

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  • A new role for e-beam: electron projection

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):41 - 45
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (5061 KB)

    In the Scalpel system, a wide beam of electrons replaces light as the means of wafer exposure, and throughput is aided by a step-and-scan approach. One of the leading candidates for next generation lithography is Scalpel, which stands for scattering with angular limitation projection electron-beam lithography. Scalpel is a reduction image-projection technique that relies on 100 keV electrons and t... View full abstract»

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  • Power to the package

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):46 - 53
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (6)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (11910 KB)

    Electronic packaging technology focuses on where and how the silicon IC is connected into the electronic system. That makes a package the meeting place of a number of tradeoffs, whose constraining influence on what might and might not change will largely determine how the technology of the year 2003 will develop. Here, the author describes how ball-grid array technology seems to offer the compactn... View full abstract»

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  • Testing the monster chip

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):54 - 60
    Cited by:  Papers (38)  |  Patents (10)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (6414 KB)

    The market-driven electronics industry never slackens. Thanks to the swift advance of semiconductor technology, companies can and continually do introduce products with more functions, higher reliability, lower costs and at shorter intervals. ICs are considered the foundation of even traditionally nonelectronic products. So cheap are they, and so widely available, that whole industries now live of... View full abstract»

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  • Checking up on Y2K

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):61 - 70
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    The author describes how, with critical industries worldwide spending hundreds of billions on Y2K remedies, the ultimate test has yet to come, but intermediate trials foretell less of a plague than a head cold. View full abstract»

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  • Y2K testing: does success matter?

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):71 - 73
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    The author warns that, even though companies are going all out to ensure their software satisfies Y2K tests, passing grades may not guarantee a secure future. View full abstract»

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  • THE U.S.-Russian Space Relationship: symbolism at any cost?

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):74 - 81
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (25123 KB)

    Two space stations, one old, one new, circle the Earth, in orbits deliberately kept as far apart as possible. But the ties that bind the two, Russia’s Mir and the multinational International Space Station, which is primarily funded by the United States, are becoming ever more distressingly tangled. The biggest and most obvious problems have occurred in the station’s power and communications system... View full abstract»

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  • EEs' tools & toy

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):82 - 87
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  • Thirty years ago...

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):88R14 - 88R15
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  • Web sights

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s): 93
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IEEE Spectrum Magazine, the flagship publication of the IEEE, explores the development, applications and implications of new technologies.

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Editor-in-Chief
Susan Hassler
IEEE Spectrum Magazine