IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

Volume 55 Issue 3  Part 3 • June 2008

This issue contains several parts.Go to:  Part 1  | Part 2

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 40

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):C1 - 1566
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• IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science publication information

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s): C2
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• Spectral Response of THM Grown CdZnTe Crystals

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1567 - 1572
Cited by:  Papers (22)
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The spectral response of several crystals grown by the Traveling Heater Method (THM) were investigated. An energy resolution of 0.98% for a Pseudo Frisch-Grid of 4 times 4 times 9 mm3 and 2.1% FWHM for a coplanar-grid of size 11 times 11 times 5 mm3 were measured using 137Cs-662 keV. In addition a 4% FWHM at 122 keV has also been measured on 20 times 20 X 5 mm... View full abstract»

• A New Architecture for Pixellated Solid State Gamma Camera Used in Nuclear Medicine

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1573 - 1580
Cited by:  Papers (20)  |  Patents (1)
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The purpose of this paper is to introduce a novel technique for acquiring and reconstructing planar or tomographic images obtained using a gamma camera. The aim is to overcome the sensitivity-spatial resolution tradeoff for conventional Anger gamma cameras. The future generation of solid state gamma cameras will benefit from the recent advances in CdZnTe (CZT) detector performances. Previous studi... View full abstract»

• Single Event Upset Mechanisms for Low-Energy-Deposition Events in SiGe HBTs

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1581 - 1586
Cited by:  Papers (18)
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Microbeam measurements and TCAD simulations are used to examine the effects of ion angle of incidence on the charge collected from events occurring in a Silicon Germanium (SiGe) Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor (HBT). The results identify the geometrically driven charge-collection mechanisms that dominate the low LET broad beam SEU response. The deep trench isolation that surrounds the transistor... View full abstract»

• A Very-Front-End ADC for the Electromagnetic Calorimeter of the International Linear Collider

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1587 - 1592
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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A 10-bit pipeline analog-to-digital converter is introduced in this paper and the measurements carried out on prototypes produced in a 0.35 m CMOS technology are presented. This ADC is a building block of the very-front-end electronics dedicated to the electromagnetic calorimeter of the International Linear Collider (ILC). Based on a 1.5-bit per stage resolution architecture, it reaches the 10-bit... View full abstract»

• Readout ASIC for 3D Position-Sensitive Detectors

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1593 - 1603
Cited by:  Papers (26)  |  Patents (3)
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We describe an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) for 3D position-sensitive detectors. It was optimized for pixelated cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) sensors, and it measures, corresponding to an ionizing event, the energy and timing of signals from 121 anodes and one cathode. Each channel provides low-noise charge amplification, high-order shaping, along with peak- and timing-detection. ... View full abstract»

• Front-End ASIC for High Resolution X-Ray Spectrometers

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1604 - 1609
Cited by:  Papers (16)
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We present an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) for high-resolution X-ray spectrometers. The ASIC is designed to read out signals from a pixelated silicon drift detector (SDD). Each hexagonal pixel has an area of 15 mm2 and an anode capacitance of less than 100 fF. There is no integrated Field Effect transistor (FET) in the pixel, rather, the readout is done by wire-bonding... View full abstract»

• The ATLAS Event Monitoring Service—Peer-to-Peer Data Distribution in High-Energy Physics

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1610 - 1620
Cited by:  Papers (3)
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The ATLAS event monitoring service (Emon) is a CORBA-based peer-to-peer data distribution framework, which has been implemented for ATLAS - one of CERN's forthcoming particle physics experiments. Its purpose is to sample collision event data from various stages of the data flow chain and efficiently distribute them to the users. This paper discusses various technical details of the current peer-to... View full abstract»

• A Comparison of Data-Access Platforms for the Computing of Large Hadron Collider Experiments

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1621 - 1630
Cited by:  Papers (7)
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Performance, reliability and scalability in data-access are key issues in the context of the computing Grid and High Energy Physics data processing and analysis applications, in particular considering the large data size and I/O load that a Large Hadron Collider data centre has to support. In this paper we present the technical details and the results of a large scale validation and performance me... View full abstract»

• Hardware-Based TCP Processor for Gigabit Ethernet

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1631 - 1637
Cited by:  Papers (100)
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Transmission control protocol (TCP) and Ethernet have been widely used in readout systems. These protocols are de facto standards and have been implemented on standard operating systems. However, some small devices, e.g., front-end devices and detectors, are not capable of employing these protocols because of hardware size limitations. This paper describes a TCP processor for gigabit Ethernet with... View full abstract»

• Mobile-Dose: A Dose-Meter Designed for Use in Automatic Machineries for Dose Manipulation in Nuclear Medicine

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1638 - 1643
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Mobile-Dose has been designed for a very innovative use: the integration in a robotic machinery for automatic preparation of radioactive doses, to be injected to patients in Nuclear Medicine Departments, with real time measurement of the activity under preparation. Mobile-Dose gives a constant measurement of the dose during the filling of vials or syringes, triggering the end of the filling proces... View full abstract»

• A Fast Crystal Identification Algorithm Applied to the LabPET™ Phoswich Detectors

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1644 - 1651
Cited by:  Papers (7)
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Detectors based on LYSO and LGSO scintillators in a phoswich arrangement coupled to an avalanche photodiode are used in the LabPETtrade, an all-digital positron emission tomography (PET) scanner for small animal imaging developed in Sherbrooke. A Wiener filter based crystal identification (CI) algorithm achieving excellent discrimination accuracy was recently proposed for crystal identification of... View full abstract»

• The Photon-Assisted Cascaded Electron Multiplier Operation in CF$_{4}$ for Ion Backflow Suppression

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1652 - 1656
Cited by:  Papers (2)
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The operation of the recently introduced photon assisted cascaded electron multiplier (PACEM) in CF4 is investigated. The PACEM uses the VUV scintillation produced in the electron avalanches of the first multiplier of the cascade to transfer the signal to the subsequent ones. The VUV scintillation induces the emission of a large number of photoelectrons from a Csl photocathode placed on... View full abstract»

• Development of New Hole-Type Avalanche Detectors and the First Results of Their Applications

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1657 - 1663
Cited by:  Papers (15)  |  Patents (1)
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We have developed a new detector of photons and charged particles-a hole-type structure with electrodes made of a double layered resistive material: a thin low resistive layer coated with a layer having much higher resistivity. One of the unique features of this detector is its capability to operate at high gas gains (up to ) in air or in gas mixtures with air. They can also operate in a cascaded ... View full abstract»

• A New Concept of Thermal Neutron Counting With Sub-Microsecond Timing Resolution

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1664 - 1669
Cited by:  Papers (9)  |  Patents (1)
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A conceptual design of a novel type of thermal and cold neutron counting detector with one-dimensional spatial resolution of m, and timing resolution as low as nanoseconds, is proposed. The detector uses microchannel plates (MCPs) doped with neutron absorbing B atoms. MCP-based detectors allow two-dimensional position localization of neutron events with resolution better than 30 m and s timing acc... View full abstract»

• Detection of Flow-Induced Vibration of Reactor Internals by Neutron Noise Analysis

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1670 - 1677
Cited by:  Papers (7)
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Flow-induced vibrations of reactor core components have been a major cause of failure of reactor internals in many nuclear power plants. To address this issue international standards (viz., ASME-OM-05) require monitoring of structural integrity of reactor core in nuclear power plants. A reactor internals vibration monitoring system (IVMS) has been developed for nuclear power plant surveillance. Th... View full abstract»

• Adaptive Critic-based Neurofuzzy Controller for the Steam Generator Water Level

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1678 - 1685
Cited by:  Papers (19)
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In this paper, an adaptive critic-based neurofuzzy controller is presented for water level regulation of nuclear steam generators. The problem has been of great concern for many years as the steam generator is a highly nonlinear system showing inverse response dynamics especially at low operating power levels. Fuzzy critic-based learning is a reinforcement learning method based on dynamic programm... View full abstract»

• Thermal and Electrical Characterization of Silicon Photomultiplier

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1686 - 1690
Cited by:  Papers (13)
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Detection of low levels of light is one of the key aspects in medical and space applications. Silicon photomultiplier, a novel type of avalanche photodetector which operates in Geiger mode, shows promising results and offer superior design options. The performance characteristics of the SiPM realized in FBK-irst are studied and presented in this paper. The leakage current, dark rate and internal g... View full abstract»

• MAPMT H7546B Anode Current Response Study for an ILC SiD Muon System Prototype

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1691 - 1694
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The proposed silicon detector concept for the international linear collider has a barrel and end cap muon systems. The scintillator based muon system prototype has 256 scintillating strips, wavelength-shifting fibers, and clear fibers connected to multianode photo multiplier tubes (MAPMT). Six Hamamatsu H7546B tubes were used. To understand strip output, each of 384 MAPMT outputs was independently... View full abstract»

• Charge Collection Efficiency Measurements for Segmented Silicon Detectors Irradiatedto $1times 10^{16} {hbox {n}} {hbox {cm}}^{-2}$

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1695 - 1699
Cited by:  Papers (21)
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Plans are well advanced for a phased upgrade program of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. An improvement of nearly a factor of ten to reach a luminosity close to 1035 cm2 s-1 is the target of the upgraded machine, called the Super LHC (SLHC). The innermost tracker devices in the SLHC will be exposed to hadron radiation doses in excess of 1 times 1016 View full abstract»

• Efficient Protection Techniques Against SEUs for Adaptive Filters: An Echo Canceller Case Study

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1700 - 1707
Cited by:  Papers (16)
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In this paper, novel protection techniques against soft errors for adaptive filters are presented. The new techniques are based on the use of system knowledge in terms of both filter structure and functionality, as well as the application tolerance to soft errors. Adaptive filters by nature recover from soft errors on their coefficients, but in existing implementations the recovery time can exceed... View full abstract»

• Effects of Guard Bands and Well Contacts in Mitigating Long SETs in Advanced CMOS Processes

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1708 - 1713
Cited by:  Papers (39)  |  Patents (5)
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Mixed mode TCAD simulations are used to show the effects of guard bands and high density well contacts in maintaining the well potential after a single event strike and thus reduce the width of long transients in a 130-nm CMOS process. Experimental verification of the effectiveness in mitigating long transients was achieved by measuring the distribution of SET pulse widths produced by heavy ions f... View full abstract»

• Proton Radiation Effects on MEMS Silicon Strain Gauges

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1714 - 1718
Cited by:  Papers (5)
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A microelectromechanical system (MEMS) strain gauge constructed from single-crystalline silicon has been developed for application in aircraft structural-health-monitoring. The effects of proton irradiation on the piezoresistive elements of the silicon strain gauges are examined. Degradation in the piezoresistive response at applied strains above 2000 microstrain is observed. View full abstract»

• Dark Current Spectroscopy of Irradiated CCD Image Sensors

Publication Year: 2008, Page(s):1719 - 1724
Cited by:  Papers (8)
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Dark current spectroscopy is used to directly investigate deep-level traps induced by alpha particle irradiation in charge-coupled devices, at trap concentrations as low as ~2 times 107 cm-3. The irradiated devices have long dark current histogram tails that are quantized at long imager integration times. This quantization is due to the discrete nature of the distribution of ... View full abstract»

Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science focuses on all aspects of the theory and applications of nuclear science and engineering, including instrumentation for the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation; particle accelerators and their controls; nuclear medicine and its application; effects of radiation on materials, components, and systems; reactor instrumentation and controls; and measurement of radiation in space.

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