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# IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology

## Volume 66 Issue 9 • Sept. 2017

Purchase of this issue is not available.

## Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 90

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):C1 - C4
| PDF (63 KB)
• ### IEEE Vehicular Technology Society Information

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s): C2
| PDF (124 KB)
• ### Asymptotically Tight Performance Bounds of Diversity Receptions Over $\alpha$-$\mu$ Fading Channels With Arbitrary Correlation

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7619 - 7632
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (764 KB) | HTML

Exact performance analyses over correlated α-μ fading channels result in intractable multifold integrals or infinite series. In this paper, upper and lower bounds are derived for outage probabilities and error rates of maximum-ratio combining (MRC), selection combining (SC), and equal-gain combining (EGC) over the α-μ fading channels with arbitrary correlation. The derived bounds are in closed for... View full abstract»

• ### Estimating the Cross-Correlation Properties of Large-Scale Parameters in Multilink Distributed Antenna Systems: Synchronous Measurements Versus Repeated Measurements

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7633 - 7642
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (1481 KB) | HTML

It is essential to capture the cross-correlation properties of large-scale parameters (LSPs) among different base station links in cooperative multilink systems in order to make realistic performance assessments. In this work, propagation measurements are used to study the cross-correlation properties of different LSPs, namely large-scale fading, delay spread, azimuth spread, and elevation spread ... View full abstract»

• ### Air-Ground Channel Characterization for Unmanned Aircraft Systems—Part IV: Airframe Shadowing

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7643 - 7652
Cited by:  Papers (6)
| | PDF (1828 KB) | HTML

Applications of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) are expected to expand dramatically in the coming decades. In order to provide safe and reliable links for UAS, NASA Glenn Research Center sponsored a measurement campaign in 2013 to characterize air-ground (AG) channels. In the first three of our AG channel characterization series papers, path loss, small scale fading, stationarity distance, root me... View full abstract»

• ### The $\kappa$- $\mu$ Shadowed Fading Model With Integer Fading Parameters

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7653 - 7662
Cited by:  Papers (17)
| | PDF (1059 KB) | HTML

We show that the popular and general κ-μ shadowed fading model with integer fading parameters μ and m can be represented as a mixture of squared Nakagami-m̑ (or Gamma) distributions. Thus, its PDF and CDF can be expressed in a closed form in terms of a finite number of elementary functions (powers and exponentials). The main implications arising from such connection are then discussed, which can b... View full abstract»

• ### Exploiting WSSUS Multipath for GNSS Ranging

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7663 - 7676
| | PDF (1282 KB) | HTML

We propose a low-dimensional parameter estimation scheme for satellite-based ranging in the presence of an attenuated line-of-sight (LOS) signal and a time-varying number of multipath signals. This is of interest for landmobile users of global navigation satellite systems in diverse scattering environments with limited satellite visibility (e.g., a car moving through an urban canyon). Conventional... View full abstract»

• ### On Divergence-Angle Efficiency of a Laser Beam in Free-Space Optical Communications for High-Speed Trains

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7677 - 7687
Cited by:  Papers (7)
| | PDF (1401 KB) | HTML

We compare narrow and wide laser beams in a free-space optical (FSO) communications system for high-speed train communications and analyze the tradeoffs among the received power, coverage area, and the complexity of the acquisition-tracking-pointing (ATP) mechanism. We propose to employ a divergence angle of a wide beam in the range [0.07°, 2.002°] to relax the steering speed of the fast steering ... View full abstract»

• ### Modified Current Injection Method for Power Flow Analysis in Heavy-Meshed DC Railway Networks With Nonreversible Substations

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7688 - 7696
Cited by:  Papers (4)
| | PDF (598 KB) | HTML

This paper proposes a Modified Current Injection method for power flow analysis, bespoke for the specific features of dc traction networks. It introduces major contributions when compared with the state-of the-art solution. In addition to simulating the nonlinear and nonsmooth behavior of the trains, the proposed algorithm can simulate reversible IGBT-based and nonreversible diode-based substation... View full abstract»

• ### Hardware Trojan Detection Game: A Prospect-Theoretic Approach

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7697 - 7710
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (1432 KB) | HTML

Outsourcing integrated circuit (IC) manufacturing to offshore foundries has grown exponentially in recent years. Given the critical role of ICs in the control and operation of vehicular systems and other modern engineering designs, such offshore outsourcing has led to serious security threats due to the potential of insertion of hardware trojans-malicious designs that, when activated, can lead to ... View full abstract»

• ### Lithium–Sulfur Cell Equivalent Circuit Network Model Parameterization and Sensitivity Analysis

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7711 - 7721
Cited by:  Papers (3)
| | PDF (1045 KB) | HTML

Compared to lithium-ion batteries, lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries potentially offer greater specific energy density, a wider temperature range of operation, and safety benefits, making them a promising technology for energy storage systems especially in automotive and aerospace applications. Unlike lithium-ion batteries, there is not a mature discipline of equivalent circuit network (ECN) modelli... View full abstract»

• ### A Real-Time Vibration Suppression Strategy in Electric Vehicles

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7722 - 7729
Cited by:  Papers (3)
| | PDF (1364 KB) | HTML

In electric vehicles (EVs), the source of noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) involves various components inside/outside of the vehicle. Besides the vibration from each NVH source, the resonances between multiple sources contribute even more significant vibrations. This paper proposes a generalized real-time suppression strategy to mitigate the coupling vibration during vehicle idling and cruisi... View full abstract»

• ### Advanced Engine Cooling System Subjected to Ram Air Effect—Nonlinear Adaptive Multiple Input and Multiple Output (NAMIMO) Control

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7730 - 7740
| | PDF (1023 KB) | HTML

Advanced engine cooling systems typically replace the traditional mechanical cooling actuators with electrical controlled ones to reduce unnecessary power losses. The real time adjustment of the pump, valve, and radiator fans allow the engine temperature to be more accurately regulated. This paper investigates a nonlinear adaptive multi-input and multi-output (NAMIMO) controller to operate the val... View full abstract»

• ### An Isolated/Bidirectional PWM Resonant Converter for V2G(H) EV On-Board Charger

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7741 - 7750
Cited by:  Papers (2)
| | PDF (1999 KB) | HTML

This paper suggests another candidate for isolated/bidirectional dc/dc converter in electric vehicle on-board charger based on PWM resonant converter (RC). The PWM-RC has good switching characteristics but it is not adequate for bidirectional applications because it is always operated under “buck type” operation regardless of power flow directions. This problem can be solved by structure change me... View full abstract»

• ### Thermal Management in Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: A Real-Time Nonlinear Model Predictive Control Implementation

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7751 - 7760
Cited by:  Papers (8)
| | PDF (1994 KB) | HTML

A real-time nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) for the thermal management (TM) of the electrical components cooling circuit in a Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) is presented. The electrical components are highly temperature sensitive and, therefore, working out of the ranges recommended by the manufacturer can lead to their premature aging or even failure. Consequently, the goals for... View full abstract»

• ### Optimal Charging of Li-Ion Batteries With Coupled Electro-Thermal-Aging Dynamics

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7761 - 7770
Cited by:  Papers (13)
| | PDF (1327 KB) | HTML

Fast and safe charging protocols are crucial for enhancing the practicality of batteries, especially for mobile applications, such as smartphones and electric vehicles. This paper proposes an innovative approach to devising optimally health-conscious fast-safe charge protocols. A multiobjective optimal control problem is mathematically formulated via a coupled electro-thermal-aging battery model, ... View full abstract»

• ### Input-Parallel Output-Series DC-DC Boost Converter With a Wide Input Voltage Range, For Fuel Cell Vehicles

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7771 - 7781
Cited by:  Papers (15)
| | PDF (1183 KB) | HTML

An input-parallel, output-series dc-dc Boost converter with a wide input voltage range is proposed in this paper. An interleaved structure is adopted in the input side of this converter to reduce input current ripple. Two capacitors are connected in series on the output side to achieve a high voltage gain. The operating principles and steady-state characteristics of the converter are presented and... View full abstract»

• ### Achieving Near Maximum Ratio Combining Diversity Gains With Directive Antennas

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7782 - 7796
| | PDF (2105 KB) | HTML

We present an empirically based comparison of the effectiveness of spatial and angular diversity systems in outdoor-to-indoor fixed wireless links. We concentrate on the simple to implement, single RF-chain selection diversity systems. We find that for such systems, angular diversity very significantly outperforms spatial diversity using comparatively sized arrays. This occurs despite the fact tha... View full abstract»

• ### QoE Driven Decentralized Spectrum Sharing in 5G Networks: Potential Game Approach

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7797 - 7808
Cited by:  Papers (13)
| | PDF (1049 KB) | HTML

This paper studies spectrum sharing for providing better quality of experience in 5G networks, which are characterized by multidimensional heterogeneity in terms of spectrum, cells, and user requirements. Specifically, spectrum access, power allocation, and user scheduling are jointly investigated and an optimization problem is formulated with the objective of maximizing the users' satisfaction ac... View full abstract»

• ### Efficient Codebook-Based Beamforming Algorithm for Millimeter-Wave Massive MIMO Systems

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7809 - 7817
Cited by:  Papers (6)
| | PDF (554 KB) | HTML

Hybrid beamforming architecture, consisting of a low-dimensional baseband digital beamforming component and a high-dimensional analog beamforming component, has received considerable attention in the context of millimeter-wave massive multiple-input multiple-output systems. This is because it can achieve an effective compromise between hardware complexity and system performance. To avoid accurate ... View full abstract»

• ### Throughput Analysis of an Energy Harvesting Multichannel System Under Delay and Energy Storage Constraints

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7818 - 7832
| | PDF (1038 KB) | HTML

High power to guarantee strict performance requirement and low power to avoid energy depletion result in an inevitable conflict for a renewable energy harvesting communication system with finite energy storage. This paper proposes a generic approach to study the per-flow performance in such a multichannel system multiplexed by multiple flows. The queueing delay constraint and energy storage constr... View full abstract»

• ### Novel Bayesian Inference Algorithms for Multiuser Detection in M2M Communications

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7833 - 7848
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (1044 KB) | HTML

The fifth generation and future wireless networks are expected to support massive machine-to-machine (M2M) communications. Due to the sporadic nature, massive M2M communications can be well supported by low-activity code division multiple access (LA-CDMA). In the literature, maximum a posteriori detector has been proposed to detect the active users in LA-CDMA when the user activity factor is known... View full abstract»

• ### Incentive-Aware Time-Sensitive Data Collection in Mobile Opportunistic Crowdsensing

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7849 - 7861
Cited by:  Papers (7)
| | PDF (1336 KB) | HTML

Data collection is a crucial operation in mobile opportunistic crowdsensing. The design of data collection is challenging due to the fact that smart devices have limited resources to conduct complex computation and sensing tasks in mobile opportunistic networks. In this paper, we propose a time-sensitive incentive-aware mechanism for mobile opportunistic crowdsensing data collection, in which each... View full abstract»

• ### Blind Frequency Synchronization for OFDM Systems With I/Q Imbalance

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7862 - 7876
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (1420 KB) | HTML

The presence of carrier frequency offset (CFO) and in-phase/quadrature-phase (I/Q) imbalance results in inter-carrier interference and thus greatly degrades the performance of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. In this paper, we propose a new blind frequency synchronization scheme for OFDM systems with frequency-independent I/Q imbalance. A blind and joint estimator of CFO ... View full abstract»

• ### SLNR-Based Precoding for Single Cell Full-Duplex MU-MIMO Systems

Publication Year: 2017, Page(s):7877 - 7887
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (626 KB) | HTML

Full-duplex multiuser multiple-input-multiple-output (FD-MU-MIMO) systems are key technologies for the next generation wireless communication systems due to their ability in improving spectral efficiency. The major hurdle of the systems is in suppressing interferences such as the self-interference from downlink to uplink and multiuser interferences in both channels. Thus, it is required to depend ... View full abstract»

## Aims & Scope

The IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology is dedicated to the publication of peer-reviewed original contributions of research regarding the theory and practice of electrical and electronics technology in vehicles and vehicular systems.

Full Aims & Scope

## Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Nei Kato, Professor
Graduate School of Information Sciences (GSIS)
Tohoku University
Aramaki-Aoba 6-3-09, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8579, JAPAN
Email: kato@it.is.tohoku.ac.jp