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Robotics & Automation Magazine, IEEE

Issue 1 • Date March 2014

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 26
  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): C1
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  • [Table of contents]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 1 - 2
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  • Staff listing

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 2
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  • Robotics or Automation? [From the Editor's Desk]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 4
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  • A New RAS [President's Message]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 6
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  • Robust and Reliable Microtechnology Research and Education through the Mobile Microrobotics Challenge [Competitions]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 8 - 12
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  • 2013 IROS Industry Forum: Where does Entrepreneurship Fit in within Industry & Academia? [Industrial Activities]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 14 - 15
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (4578 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Robotics entrepreneurship! The steadily growing interest in robotics research has brought us to a new age where recently developed technologies emerge into new markets. Whereas large companies run their own in-house research and development programs, many innovative ideas are born in academic research labs all over the planet. It is often remarked that, as a community-both within industry and academia-much needs to be done to productize these research outcomes and bridge the gap between these communities. While this intention is noble, the execution of how to make this a reality has been dismal. View full abstract»

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  • Willow Garage Retrospective [ROS Topics]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 16 - 20
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    During its seven-year history, Willow Garage assembled a remarkable community of scientists and engineers to address some of the most pressing challenges in realizing the effective use of robotics in society. Cognizant of the need to accelerate robotics research in the United States, the Willow Garage team made substantial contributions to the global robotics community by conducting fundamental research, training the next generation of robotics researchers, developing open software and hardware platforms for the research community, and creating both for profit and nonprofit organizations. These contributions allowed researchers, developers, and commercial organizations to advance their robotics initiatives both in the United States and across the globe. Because of its philanthropic culture and fairly unrestricted research environment, the Willow Garage community was able to address fundamental research issues and enable a broader range of universities, research organizations, and commercial firms to accelerate their own research and development agenda. View full abstract»

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  • Fostering Progress in Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking of Robotic and Automation Systems [TC Spotlight]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 22 - 25
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2016 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    We have shared benchmarks for many engineering systems and products in the market that can be used to compare solutions and systems. We can compare cars in terms of maximum speed, acceleration, and maximum torque; computers in terms of flops, random access memory, and hard disk capacity; and smartphones in terms of battery life and screen dimensions. We also have shared usability metrics based on human factors, which are used to compare the ease of use of different software interfaces. When we come to the evaluation and the comparison of how intelligent, robust, adaptive, and antifragile the behaviors of robots are in performing a given set of tasks, such as daily life activities with daily life objects such as in a kitchen or a hospital room, we are in trouble. View full abstract»

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  • Special Issue on Perception and Navigation for Autonomous Vehicles [From the Guest Editors]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 26 - 27
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  • Adaptable Robot Formation Control: Adaptive and Predictive Formation Control of Autonomous Vehicles

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 28 - 39
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2530 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The ability to use cooperative small vehicles is of interest in many applications. From material transportation to farming operations, the use of small machines achieving small tasks, but able to work together to complete larger tasks, permits us to rely on a unique kind of vehicle. To be efficient, such a point of view requires the vehicles to be, at least partially, autonomous and their motion must be accurately coordinated for the tasks to be properly achieved. This article proposes a control framework dedicated to the accurate control of a fleet of mobile robots operating in formation. Decentralized control relying on interrobot communication has been favored. To ensure a high relative positioning, adaptive and predictive control techniques are considered, allowing us to account for the influence of several phenomena (such as dynamic perturbations or bad grip conditions) depreciating the relevance of classical approaches based on ideal robots and ideal contact conditions assumptions. View full abstract»

    Open Access
  • A Robust Motion Detection Technique for Dynamic Environment Monitoring: A Framework for Grid-Based Monitoring of the Dynamic Environment

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 40 - 48
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2395 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The Bayesian occupancy filter (BOF) provides a framework for grid-based monitoring of the dynamic environment. It allows us to estimate dynamic grids, containing both information of occupancy and velocity. Clustering such grids then provides detection of the objects in the observed scene. View full abstract»

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  • Detecting Unfocused Raindrops: In-Vehicle Multipurpose Cameras

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 49 - 56
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1987 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Advanced driver assistance systems (ADASs) based on video cameras are becoming pervasive in today's automotive industry. However, while most of these systems perform nicely in clear weather conditions, their performances fail drastically in adverse weather and particularly in the rain. We present two novel approaches that aim to detect unfocused raindrops on a car windshield using only images from an in-vehicle camera. Based on the photometric properties of raindrops, the algorithms rely on image processing techniques to highlight them. The results will be used to improve ADAS behavior under rainy conditions. Both approaches are compared with each other and the techniques from the literature. View full abstract»

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  • GNSS Autonomous Localization: NLOS Satellite Detection Based on 3-D Maps

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 57 - 63
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1282 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    One of the main drawbacks of global navigation satellite systems (GNSSs) in urban environments is that signals may arrive at the receiver antenna only in nonline-of-sight (NLOS) conditions, leading to biased pseudorange estimates when they are taken for granted by the receiver and, eventually, wrong positioning. This article presents a study on the benefits of using three-dimensional (3-D) maps of cities to decide whether the GNSS signal coming from each tracked satellite is reliable. Based on this principle, two different 3-D maps and two methodologies are presented and compared. The results show the benefits of this approach. View full abstract»

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  • Model-Predictive Motion Planning: Several Key Developments for Autonomous Mobile Robots

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 64 - 73
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2309 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    A necessary attribute of a mobile robot planning algorithm is the ability to accurately predict the consequences of robot actions to make informed decisions about where and how to drive. It is also important that such methods are efficient, as onboard computational resources are typically limited and fast planning rates are often required. In this article, we present several practical mobile robot motion planning algorithms for local and global search, developed with a common underlying trajectory generation framework for use in model-predictive control. These techniques all center on the idea of generating informed, feasible graphs at scales and resolutions that respect computational and temporal constraints of the application. Connectivity in these graphs is provided by a trajectory generator that searches in a parameterized space of robot inputs subject to an arbitrary predictive motion model. Local search graphs connect the currently observed state-to-states at or near the planning or perception horizon. Global search graphs repeatedly expand a precomputed trajectory library in a uniformly distributed state lattice to form a recombinant search space that respects differential constraints. In this article, we discuss the trajectory generation algorithm, methods for online or offline calibration of predictive motion models, sampling strategies for local search graphs that exploit global guidance and environmental information for real-time obstacle avoidance and navigation, and methods for efficient design of global search graphs with attention to optimality, feasibility, and computational complexity of heuristic search. The model-invariant nature of our approach to local and global motions planning has enabled a rapid and successful application of these techniques to a variety of platforms. Throughout the article, we also review experiments performed on planetary rovers, field robots, mobile manipulators, and autonomous automobiles and discuss future directions o- the article. View full abstract»

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  • Dialogs on Robotics Horizons [Student's Corner]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 74 - 76
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    Human welfare and environmental changes are critical challenges for global society where robotics can play a significant role in helping humans face these facts and improve their quality of life. View full abstract»

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  • 2014 RAS AdCom Election

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 77
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  • Analysis and Control of Underactuated Mechanical Systems [On the Shelf]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 78 - 87
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  • Special Issue on Emerging Advances and Applications in Automation

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 79
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  • Always Stronger, Always Higher [Society News]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 80 - 84
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  • RAS Leadership [Society News]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 80
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  • AdCom Election Results [Society News]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 81
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  • Preserving the Legacy of RAS [History]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 86 - 87
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (821 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Robotics and automation are transforming the world. The IEEE Robotics and Automation Society (RAS) is now celebrating the 30th anniversary of its birth as the IEEE Robotics and Automation Council (www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/IEEE_Robotics_%26_Automation_Society_History). It is RAS whose members?through lively conferences and demos, pioneering publications, and long hours in labs and test beds at universities, institutes, and corporations around the world? have been blazing the trail of pioneering breakthroughs and innovations in the field. Now is the time to start telling your stories and honoring your achievements with the help of the IEEE History Center. The professional staff at the Center work to preserve and make known the proud heritage of the IEEE, its members and their professions, and related technologies. They also assist IEEE organizational units (OUs) in recording and disseminating their own history. View full abstract»

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  • Robotics for Health and Well-Being [Women in Engineering]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 88 - 91
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  • [Calendar]

    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 92
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Aims & Scope

IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine is a unique technology publication which is peer-reviewed, readable and substantive.  The Magazine is a forum for articles which fall between the academic and theoretical orientation of scholarly journals and vendor sponsored trade publications.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Eugenio Guglielmelli
Laboratory of Biomedical Robotics
      and Biomicrosystems
Universita' Campus Bio-Medico
      di Roma