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IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

Issue 1 • Date Spring 1994

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Displaying Results 1 - 4 of 4
  • S.A. Lebedev and the birth of Soviet computing

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):4 - 24
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2511 KB)

    In this article, we study the life and work of Sergei Alekseevich Lebedev, one of the world's pioneers in digital computing. Lebedev, working in Kiev, built the MESM, the first Soviet electronic digital stored-program computer (1947-1951). In 1950, Lebedev moved to Moscow, where he soon became the director of the newly established Institute of Precise Mechanics and Computer Technology. There he de... View full abstract»

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  • The social limits of speed: development and use of supercomputers

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):46 - 61
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2022 KB)

    This article describes the development of supercomputers over the past three decades in conjunction with the social relations surrounding the development and use of these machines. In early designs of supercomputers, the goal was to achieve the highest possible speed "at all cost"/spl minus/that is, without worrying about compatibility with previous machines. The first customers of these computers... View full abstract»

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  • The Reservisor automated airline reservation system: combining communications and computing

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):62 - 69
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1161 KB)

    Shortly after the beginnings of the computer in the mid-1940s, a machine appeared that was the first in a long line of important commercial systems integrating communications and processing: the Reservisor airline reservation system built by the Teleregister Corporation. A few parts of the original have been preserved at the Smithsonian Institution, and there are enough records to understand both ... View full abstract»

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  • ENIAC-a problem solver

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):25 - 45
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2956 KB)

    This article provides a firsthand perspective on the use of ENIAC as a problem solver during its 10 years of successful operation as a working computer from November 1945 until October 1955. It provides a view of ENIAC's place in history as well as information covering the people, the operation, the reliability, and aspects of the problem-preparation process. An appendix covers the complete range ... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

The IEEE Annals of the History of Computing serves as a record of vital contributions which recount, preserve, and analyze the history of computing and the impact of computing on society.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Nathan Ensmenger
Indiana University, School of Informatics & Computing
nensmeng@indiana.edu