Volume 22 Issue 2 • Feb. 1985

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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):1 - 3
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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s): 2
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  • Contents

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s): 3
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  • [Advertisement]

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):4 - 7
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  • Forum

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):8 - 16
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  • Book reviews

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):17 - 21
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  • Speakout

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):22 - 25
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  • The engineer at large

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s): 26
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  • Continuum

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):27 - 29
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  • Innovations

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):30 - 31
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  • Video

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s): 32
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  • Program notes [reports of new computer programs]

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):33 - 34
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  • Spectral lines: Mixed signals

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s): 35
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (242 KB)

    To a question posed by a news reporter during the presidential debate on Oct. 21, 1984, about whether to “share the best of America's technology in this weapons area with our principal adversary,” President Reagan replied, “Why not? I hope we can.” He was referring to the sophisticated technology for an unnamed defensive weapon to “reduce the utility” of nuclear arms, as he had phrased it during a... View full abstract»

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  • Superfine IC geometries: Gas-plasma etching may supplant chemical etching in manufacturing high-performance integrated circuits

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):36 - 43
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    The advantages that dry etching offers over conventional chemical etching of integrated circuits are discussed. The underlying principle of dry etching is explained, and the various dry etching techniques in current use are described. The way in which voltage is created between plasma and wafer is explained, together with the mechanisms that produce directional etching. Attenuation is then given t... View full abstract»

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  • VLSI system design by the numbers: Design frames and system kits promise to simplify the development of VLSI-based systems

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):44 - 50
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    Two new concepts for computer development now being developed are design frames and system kits. The design frames take care of the details of interfacing new integrated circuits with a standard bus, and system kits provide a hardware and software standard for prototypes consisting of one or many design-frame-based circuit boards. A system kit starts with the basic prototyping hardware required to... View full abstract»

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  • Computers in power: A welcome invader: Supervisory computer systems cut utility costs by scheduling generating units, planning against outages, and coordinating the sale of power

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):51 - 59
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
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    Ways in which supervisory computer systems can cut utility costs by scheduling generating units, planning against outages, and coordinating the sale of power are discussed. Computerized energy-management systems that can track 10000 analog and 30000 digital data points in the generation and transmission systems are helping utilities meet dramatic swings in demand while remaining prepared to handle... View full abstract»

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  • The electric talking machine: Electric motors were first used to drive early phonographs in the late 1880s

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):60 - 61
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  • Power-line fields and human health: Can exposure to 60-Hz fields cause biological problems in humans? The answer may be found through a process of risk assessment

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):62 - 68
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
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    Considers whether power-frequency (60 Hz) electromagnetic fields can significantly affect human health. The problem of estimating the dose in studying this question is discussed. Attention is given to the mechanisms that have been proposed to explain how 60-Hz fields affect biological systems. The results of a study carried out to determine the public perception of the risks are presented. Finally... View full abstract»

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  • Victorian experiments and optical communications: Precursors of fiber-optic communications were invented a century ago, but no one at that time attempted to synthesize the fragmented knowledge

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):69 - 73
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1440 KB)

    Sometimes ideas emerge long before their time and then lie dormant for many years until other developments make it possible to put the pieces together for a technological breakthrough - such as fiber-optic communications. Key elements of the concept of communicating via light were known in the late 1800s. Several Victorianera engineers and physicists found ways to guide light through transparent m... View full abstract»

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  • EEs' tools & toys

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):74 - 75
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  • Calendar

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):76 - 77
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  • New and recent IEEE publications

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):78 - 79
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  • Papers are invited

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):80 - 82
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  • IEEE tables of contents

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s):83 - 99
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  • Scanning the Institute

    Publication Year: 1985, Page(s): 100
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