Early Access ArticlesEarly Access articles are made available in advance of the final electronic or print versions. Early Access articles are peer reviewed but may not be fully edited. They are fully citable from the moment they appear in IEEE Xplore.
Dov Frohman is an Israeli electrical engineer and businessman. In 1970, he invented the Electrically Programmable Read-Only Memory (EPROM), a key enabling technology for rapid development of microprocessor-based systems, from personal computers to industrial controls. Intel founder Gordon Moore called it "as important in the development of the microcomputer industry as the microprocessor itself." ... View full abstract»
James W. Cortada is an unusual computing historian in that he was academically trained in history and has written extensively about computing history, but his primary career was spent working within the computing industry at IBM. Here Cortada describes a slowly evolving 40-year effort to write an appropriate history of IBM. His connections within IBM gave him unusual access, while also giving him ... View full abstract»
We analyze the capabilities of the Colossus codebreaking devices, built in 1943-1945 under the direction of Tommy Flowers of the UK General Post Office. Colossus is often described as a programmable computer, a misconception we trace to old battles about the "first computer" and to former secrecy about its actual capabilities. In fact Colossus was not called a computer at the time, and does not me... View full abstract»
Software is relational. It can only operate in correlation with the other software that enables it, the hardware that runs it, and the communities who make, own, and maintain it. Here we consider a phenomenon called "DLL hell," a case in which those relationships broke down, endemic to the Microsoft Windows platform in the mid-to-late 1990s. Software applications often failed because they required... View full abstract»
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The IEEE Annals of the History of Computing serves as a record of vital contributions which recount, preserve, and analyze the history of computing and the impact of computing on society.
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Indiana University, School of Informatics & Computing