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Robotics & Automation Magazine, IEEE

Issue 3 • Date September 2009

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 25
  • IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine - Front cover

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): c1
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 1
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  • Announcing the new EiC

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 2
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  • The RAS of work and play [Presiden''s Message]

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 4, 6 - 6, 8, 10
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  • RAS introduces RAS Society Digital Library [Society News, RAS Society Awards]

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 12, 14 - 16
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  • Cognitive robotics: new insights into robot and human intelligence by reverse engineering brain functions [From the Guest Editors]

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 17 - 18
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  • Robot learning [TC Spotlight]

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 19 - 20
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    Creating autonomous robots that can learn to act in unpredictable environments has been a long-standing goal of robotics, artificial intelligence, and the cognitive sciences. In contrast, current commercially available industrial and service robots mostly execute fixed tasks and exhibit little adaptability. To bridge this gap, machine learning offers a myriad set of methods, some of which have already been applied with great success to robotics problems. As a result, there is an increasing interest in machine learning and statistics within the robotics community. At the same time, there has been a growth in the learning community in using robots as motivating applications for new algorithms and formalisms. View full abstract»

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  • Robotic technologies as vehicles of new ways of thinking about constructivist teaching and learning: The TERECoP Project [Education]

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 21 - 21, 23
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    In many educational institutions across the world, from elementary schools to colleges, robotics is being used as a rewarding and engaging tool to involve students in science and technology. However, an often raised criticism refers to the lack of a proper curriculum that could blend robotic experiments to more traditional course work. In this column, Prof. Dimitris Alimisis of the School of Pedagogical and Technological Education (Greece) reports on the experience of the European Project Teacher Education on Robotics-Enhanced Constructivist Pedagogical Methods (TERECoP). This project aims at providing teachers with the technical and educational background to use robotics in innovative courses, and to overcome the above criticism. View full abstract»

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  • One-on-one spotlight with RAS President [Student's Corner]

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 22 - 23
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  • Spatial cognition for robots

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 24 - 32
    Cited by:  Papers (7)  |  Patents (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (3947 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The paper discusses robot navigation from biological inspiration. The authors sought to build a model of the rodent brain that is suitable for practical robot navigation. The core model, dubbed RatSLAM, has been demonstrated to have exactly the same advantages described earlier: it can build, maintain, and use maps simultaneously over extended periods of time and can construct maps of large and complex areas from very weak geometric information. The work contrasts with other efforts to embody models of rat brains in robots. The article describes the key elements of the known biology of the rat brain in relation to navigation and how the RatSLAM model captures the ideas from biology in a fashion suitable for implementation on a robotic platform. The paper then outline RatSLAM's performance in two difficult robot navigation challenges, demonstrating how a cognitive robotics approach to navigation can produce results that rival other state of the art approaches in robotics. View full abstract»

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  • Brain-based devices

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 33 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
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    This paper presents an embodied approach to linking nervous system structure and function to behavior. View full abstract»

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  • Whisking with robots

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 42 - 50
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
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    This article summarizes some of the key features of the rat vibrissal system, including the actively controlled sweeping movements of the vibrissae known as whisking, and reviews the past and ongoing research aimed at replicating some of this functionality in biomimetic robots. View full abstract»

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  • Timing sensory integration

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 51 - 58
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2517 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The experiments in this paper show that the impact of temporal aspects of sensory integration on the precision of movement is concordant with behavioral studies of sensory integrative dysfunction and autism. Specifically, the simulation predicts that distant grasping will be performed properly by autistic people in general, except if it requires a combination of proximal and distant sensory information, as in the case of proximal obstacles. This aims to extend the integration model to robot simulation of autistic and nonautistic grasping behavior and to use it in games for behavioral training of autistic children. View full abstract»

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  • Competent vision and navigation systems

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 59 - 71
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
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    In this article, we describe how flying insects use vision for guidance, especially in the contexts of regulating flight speed, negotiating narrow gaps, avoiding obstacles, and performing smooth landings. We show that many of these maneuvers, which were traditionally believed to involve relatively complex and high-level perception, can be achieved through the use of low-level cues and relatively simple computation. We also describe tests of the effectiveness of some of these strategies for autonomous guidance of small-scale terrestrial and aerial vehicles in the contexts of corridor navigation, altitude control, and terrain following and landing. We also describe a novel, mirror- based imaging system that is tailored for these tasks and facilitates the requisite visual computations. View full abstract»

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  • Neuromodulation as a robot controller

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 72 - 80
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2544 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This article presents a strategy for controlling autonomous robots, which is based on the principles of neuromodulation in the mammalian brain. Neuromodulatory systems signal important environmental events to the rest of the brain causing the organism to focus its attention on the appropriate object, ignore irrelevant distractions, and respond quickly and appropriately to the event . There are separate neuromodulators that alter responses to risks, rewards, novelty, effort, and social cooperation. Moreover, the neuromodulatory systems provide a foundation for cognitive function in higher organisms; attention, emotion, goal directed behavior, and decision making derive from the interaction between the neuromodulatory systems and brain areas, such as the amygdala, frontal cortex, and hippocampus. Therefore, understanding neuromodulatory function may provide control and action selection algorithms for autonomous robots that effectively interact with the environment. View full abstract»

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  • Compliant actuator designs

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 81 - 94
    Cited by:  Papers (64)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (3714 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    In the growing fields of wearable robotics, rehabilitation robotics, prosthetics, and walking k robots, variable stiffness actuators (VSAs) or adjustable compliant actuators are being designed and implemented because of their ability to minimize large forces due to shocks, to safely interact with the user, and their ability to store and release energy in passive elastic elements. This review article describes the state of the art in the design of actuators with adaptable passive compliance. This new type of actuator is not preferred for classical position-controlled applications such as pick and place operations but is preferred in novel robots where safe human- robot interaction is required or in applications where energy efficiency must be increased by adapting the actuator's resonance frequency. The working principles of the different existing designs are explained and compared. The designs are divided into four groups: equilibrium-controlled stiffness, antagonistic-controlled stiffness, structure-controlled stiffness (SCS), and mechanically controlled stiffness. View full abstract»

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  • IEEE ICRA 2011

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 95
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  • Industry/Research News

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 96, 100 - 100
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  • Robotics & Automation is the wave of the future -- Ride it with us!

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 97
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  • Road maps for robotics and automation [Industrial Activities]

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 98
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • IEEE-RAS/IFRR School of Robotics Science

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 99
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  • Learning OpenCV---Computer Vision with the OpenCV Library (Bradski, G.R. et al.; 2008)[On the Shelf]

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 100
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  • IEEE CASE 2010 - Call for papers

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 101
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  • Calendar

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 102
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  • ECHORD -- New European Project to Support Robotics Research

    Publication Year: 2009 , Page(s): 103
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Aims & Scope

IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine is a unique technology publication which is peer-reviewed, readable and substantive.  The Magazine is a forum for articles which fall between the academic and theoretical orientation of scholarly journals and vendor sponsored trade publications.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Eugenio Guglielmelli
Laboratory of Biomedical Robotics
      and Biomicrosystems
Universita' Campus Bio-Medico
      di Roma