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Medical Electronics, IRE Transactions on

Issue 1 • Date March 1959

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 31
  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): c1
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • IRE Professional Group on Medical Electronics

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): nil1
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  • [Breaker page]

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): nil1
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  • IRE Transactions on Medical Electronics

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 1
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  • Preface

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 2
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  • Welcoming Remarks

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 3
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  • Introduction

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 4 - 5
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  • Organ Culture at the Rockefeller Institute

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 6
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    THE celebrated surgeon Alexis Carrel, pioneer in the surgery of blood vessels and a leader in the development of tissue culture, dreamed of the day when human organs might be grown in flasks for study of their function and for use in replacing diseased organs of patients. Tissue culture was possible because the cells and fragments were small enough to be nourished by diffusion from the surrounding medium. Whole organs had to be supplied with nutritive fluids by perfusion through their blood vessels. This required a sterilizable glass pump, into which bacteria could not penetrate. When Carrel and his technicians ran into difficulty in designing a pump, he found an unexpected ally in Charles Lindbergh, the aviator. Lindbergh had become interested in the idea of an artificial heart to substitute for the human heart during operations on that organ, and hearing of Carrel's work, volunteered his services as an amateur inventor and mechanic. Beginning work at the Rockefeller Institute in 1930, Lindbergh worked as a volunteer in Carrel's laboratory for about five years. His first pump was a coil of glass tubing rotated by a motor as one waves a flag, so that the centrifugal force drove the fluid into a chamber containing the explanted organ. This pump proved to be not perfectly bacteria-proof and did not produce a pulsating flow. Continuing his very ingenious efforts, in 1934, Lindbergh found he could use glass valves, and produced a design which was executed by the Institute's glass-blower, Otto Hopf. View full abstract»

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  • The Status of Extracorporeal Artificial Kidney

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 7 - 11
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  • The Prolonged Supplementation of Renal Function by Artifcial Means

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 11 - 13
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  • Blood Pumps, Conduits, and Valves

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 13 - 17
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  • Blood Gas Exchange Devices

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 18 - 21
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  • Magnetic Audition - Auditory Stimulation by Means of Alternating Magnetic Fields Acting on a Permanent Magnet Fixed to the Eardrum

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 22 - 23
    Cited by:  Patents (3)
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  • Information and Control in Organ Systems

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 23
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    DESIGNERS of artificial internal organs face many difficult physical and physiological requirements. In order to correct for an organic malfunction, it is necessary for these prosthetic devices to carry out certain physicochemical operations under the control of both specific and not-so-specific signals that originate inside the body and/or in the outside world. This task calls for the establishment of adequate information-matching procedures. The devices must be prepared to deal with control signals in the form of spatiotemporal patterns of electrical, mechanical, or even chemical activity. Appropriate coding (including the necessary redundancy) must insure the transmission of the information-bearing elements, or ``distinctive features,'' of these paterns in the presence of various types of interference, or ``noise.'' In many instances, our knowledge of the control circuits for the various organs is still incomplete. Neuro-physiological research during the last decade has, for instance, focused on elucidating the role of the less specific ascending and descending pathways in the nervous system, in contrast with the better-known (``classical'') afferent pathways.1 Designers of artificial organs are thus often faced with specifications that lack some of the most important data. Another difficulty that stands in the way of establishing rational procedures for the design of artificial organs is our inability to agree upon the evaluation of the performance of a device that has multiple inputs and multiple outputs and that only too often fulfills multiple functions. Under such circumstances, it is not reasonable to hope for a simple, unambiguous figure of merit or of efficiency. View full abstract»

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  • Physiological Considerations

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 24 - 28
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  • Artificial Respiration Control

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 29 - 30
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  • CO2 Control of Artificial Respiration

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 30 - 32
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  • Factors in the Control of the Circulation Which May Be Modified During Total Body Perfusion

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 32 - 33
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  • An Efficient Blood Heat Exchanger for Use With Extracorporeal Circulation

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 34 - 36
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  • Transistors for Cardiac Conduction System

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 36 - 38
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  • Blood Vessels

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 39 - 41
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  • Artificial Mitral Valves

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 42 - 43
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
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  • Plastic Cornea

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 43 - 49
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  • Tracheae

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 49 - 50
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  • Gastrointestinal Tract

    Publication Year: 1959 , Page(s): 50 - 51
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
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Aims & Scope

This Transactions ceased publication in 1960. The current retitled publication is Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Full Aims & Scope