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Robotics & Automation Magazine, IEEE

Issue 4 • Date Dec. 2008

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 28
  • Front cover - IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine - Dec. 2008

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): c1
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  • Table of contents - vol 15 no 4

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 2
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  • Goodbye to another eventful year! [From the Editor's Desk]

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 3
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  • Here comes RAS 2.0 [President's Message]

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 4 - 8
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  • The Third Joint Eurohaptics Conference and Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 5
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  • The field of telerobotics [From the Guest Editors]

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 9
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
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  • Society News [2008 RAS Fellowship Award]

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 10 - 18
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  • 2009 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems - Call for Papers

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 13
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  • Planetary contingency [Education]

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 14 - 16
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • 2009 IEEE Conference on Automation Science and Engineering

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 15
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  • 2009 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation - ICRA 2009 - Call for Participation

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 19
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  • The Avatar Project

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 20 - 27
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1977 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    CSA (Canadian Space Agency) is currently developing and conducting a series of experiments dubbed Avatar to investigate different command and control schemes allowing operators to interact with robots in space or on other planets. The objective of the Avatar experiments is to develop and test concepts in support of future space exploration missions. Although some of the concepts can be (and have been!) tested on Earth by simulating space-relevant communication links, the benefits of conducting them from the ISS are numerous. First, the usage of an intermittent amateur radio link has raised several issues regarding the robustness of the software: it is impossible to cheat when the communication link really goes down. It has also allowed the team to develop unique operational expertise. One final advantage not to be neglected is the fact that these experiments will have provided flight heritage to the command and control concepts described in this article and to the software that was used to implement them. Such heritage is precious in the traditionally conservative space community. View full abstract»

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  • Telemanipulator for remote minimally invasive surgery

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 28 - 38
    Cited by:  Papers (12)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1878 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The requirements for an ideal telemanipulator (i.e., robot and surgical instrument) are derived. An overview on telemanipulators reported in literature is given. The new robot for telepresence surgery developed by German Aerospace Center (DLR) is presented in detail in the "DLR Robot" section. Surgical instruments equipped with miniaturized force-torque sensors and additional DoF at the distal end, also developed by DLR, are described in the "DLR Instruments" section. The last section concludes this article and gives directions for further research. View full abstract»

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  • From remote tool to shared roles

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 39 - 49
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (868 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This article explores teleoperation for remote presence applications from a human-robot interaction (HRI) perspective to create a model that captures the key elements of the system and projects the impact of ever-increasing advances in autonomy and communications connectivity. Remote presence applications are those where one or more humans use the robot to project themselves into an environment to complete a time-critical mission. In these applications, there is some compelling need to have human perception at a distance. For example, the environment may be unsafe or unreachable, such as encountered when searching for survivors in the aftermath of a disaster, or the situation is novel and perceptually unconstrained, as in noticing a hidden terrorist during a hostage situation. Remote presence applications are characterized by "the observers won't know what needs to be seen until they see it" flavor and the need to see that critical "what needs to be seen" in as near real time as possible. This means that remote presence applications are inherently teleoperated; the human is an active element in the control loop, and there is no benefit to full autonomy. The question becomes how to transfer the advances in autonomy and communications to enable the human-robot enterprise to successfully and reliably complete its mission. View full abstract»

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  • Stereoscopic human interfaces

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 50 - 57
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1785 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This article focuses on the use of stereoscopic video interfaces for telerobotics. Topics concerning human visual perception, binocular image capturing, and stereoscopic devices are described. There is a wide variety of video interfaces for telerobotic systems. Choosing the best video interface depends on the telerobotic application requirements. Simple monoscopic cameras are good enough for watching remote robot movements or for teleprogramming a sequence of commands. However, when operators seek precise robot guidance or wish to manipulate objects, a better perception of the remote environment must be achieved, for which more advanced visual interfaces are required. This implies a higher degree of telepresence, and, therefore, the most suitable visual interface has to be chosen. The aim of this article is to describe the two main aspects using stereoscopic interfaces: the capture of binocular video images, according to the disparity limits in human perception and the proper selection of the visualization interface for stereoscopic images. View full abstract»

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  • Mobile robotic teleguide based on video images

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 58 - 67
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1983 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The goal of the proposed work is to analyze the characteristics and advantages of a telerobotic system based on video transmission and stereoscopic viewing. The proposed investigation follows a systematic approach based on the identification of main factors and a usability evaluation designed according them. Two different three-dimensional (3-D) visualization facilities are considered to evaluate its performance on systems with different characteristics, cost, and application context. The aim is to gain an insight into the problem and to understand on what system, and to what extent, is the stereo viewing beneficial. In the next section, we introduce visual sensors and stereo viewing. Then, the proposed investigation strategy is presented, followed by experimental design, test setup, and result analysis. Some final remarks conclude the article. View full abstract»

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  • From insects to machines

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 68 - 74
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (3510 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Insects and hummingbirds remain unmatched in their aerodynamic ability to hover in place in addition to other acrobatic feats such as flying backward and sideways by exploiting flapping-wing motion. Although this remarkable ability is key to making small-scale aircraft, flapping-hovering behavior has been difficult to reproduce artificially because of the challenging stability, power, and aeroelastic phenomena involved. Recent interest in small-scale unmanned air vehicles, especially those capable of hovering like insects and hummingbirds, is driven by many potential applications. A number of flapping machines have been developed, but only two are capable of untethered hovering flight. A key challenge is to demonstrate a stable untethered flapping-hovering ability at a weight and power approximating that of insects and birds where flapping-hovering flight is observed in nature. Here we demonstrate, for the first time, a passively stable 24-g machine capable of flapping-hovering flight at a Reynolds number similar to insects (Re = 8 times 103). This architecture, particularly the passive stability, may help in the design of insect-sized hovering vehicles as well as shed light on the aeroelastic dynamic principles underlying insect flight. View full abstract»

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  • The Evolution of Guido

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 75 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (3818 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Guido, a smart walker developed by Haptica (Dublin, Ireland), is a robotic walking aid that addresses the needs of the frail visually impaired, providing them with a safe means of taking exercise independently as well as navigation assistance in new environments. It was based on a program of research in the Trinity College Dublin from 1995 to 2000. Many similar devices have subsequently been developed, such as the RT-Walker from Kosuge and Hirata Laboratory, the walker developed by Medical Automation Research Center, and the Personal Aid for Mobility and Monitoring (PAMM) devices developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Guido has important distinctive characteristics such as its design, its commercialization, and its recently developed map-based navigation. Following the success with the sales of preproduction units of Guido to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, it was withdrawn from the market in early 2002 following the aftereffects of 9/11 and the dot-com crash. Recently, we have initiated a program of research to update Guido, with the latest research results in simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM). In this article, we review the design and development of Guido and go on to describe the updates that have been empirically evaluated in office and nursing home environments and compare then with the previous control strategy. Finally, the implications are discussed and its future work outlined. View full abstract»

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  • Surgical and interventional robotics: part III [Tutorial]

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 84 - 93
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2168 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Part I of this tutorial described two broad paradigms of interventional assistance: surgical computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) and surgical assistance. Part II focused on the underlying concepts of surgical CAD/CAM, with a particular emphasis on percutaneous procedures. This final installment of our three-part tutorial series discusses surgical assistance. In this section, we introduce the basic concepts of a surgical workstation and briefly review several core robotic technologies used in surgical workstations. View full abstract»

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  • ICORR 2009

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 94
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  • Welcome. . . [Industrial Activities Board]

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 95 - 96
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  • Industry/Research News

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 97 - 98
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  • Call for Nominations - IEEE Robotics and Automation Society Administrative Committee

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 98
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  • 22nd IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems MEMS 2008

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 99
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  • Call for Nominations - IEEE Institute Level Awards and IEEE-RAS Society Awards

    Publication Year: 2008 , Page(s): 100
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Aims & Scope

IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine is a unique technology publication which is peer-reviewed, readable and substantive.  The Magazine is a forum for articles which fall between the academic and theoretical orientation of scholarly journals and vendor sponsored trade publications.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Eugenio Guglielmelli
Laboratory of Biomedical Robotics
      and Biomicrosystems
Universita' Campus Bio-Medico
      di Roma