Volume 29 Issue 1 • Jan. 1992

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Displaying Results 1 - 13 of 13
  • Technology 1992-PCs and workstations

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):27 - 29
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    Developments during the past year are reviewed. As prices continued to fall and performance continued its upward trend, the line between PCs and workstations blurred further. Pen-based computers gained prominence, IC cards got a boost when the PCMCIA trade association came out with version 2.0 of its memory card standard, and multimedia stands poised to become a major market force. A, strategic al... View full abstract»

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  • Technology 1992 - Software

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):30 - 32
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (495 KB)

    Significant developments during 1991 are examined. A battle shaped up on the PC operating systems marketplace between Windows and OS2, even as new Windows applications dominated the marketplace. Competition heated up in RISC for the desktop. Object-oriented programming and C++ gained ground, and activity in Ada compilers continued. Because of the general slowdown in the economy, it was not a parti... View full abstract»

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  • Technology 1992-large computers

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):33 - 35
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    Developments in large computers during the past year are reviewed. Economic woes and new machines at Unisys Corp. exemplify the industries highs and low. Posix became more firmly entrenched as a standard. The move toward massive parallelism continued, while a resurgence of the conventional super computer got underway.<<ETX>> View full abstract»

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  • Technology 1992 - Telecommunications

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):36 - 38
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (581 KB)

    Significant developments during 1991 are examined. Agreement was reached on the steps-dealing with both technology and timing-for implementation of ISDN in North America. Personal communications services took off. The seven Bell regional holding companies were given permission to offer information services.<<ETX>> View full abstract»

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  • Technology, 1992-data communications

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):39 - 41
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (533 KB)

    Significant trends and events in data communications during the past year are highlighted. The first end-to-end public frame relay service was deployed. Legislation establishing an ultragigabit-per-second National Research and Education Network (NREN) was passed. A networking standard called Fiber Distributed Data Interchange II (FDDI-II), aimed at helping to bring about multimedia transmission, w... View full abstract»

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  • Technology 1992-solid state

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):42 - 44
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (480 KB)

    Reduced-instruction-set computer (RISC) architecture entrenched itself more deeply in 1991. Embedded microcontrollers reached new levels of integration, became easier to program, and attained even greater acceptance as embedded components. Explosive growth was seen in field-programmable gate arrays. Digital signal processors are being embedded in modems, speech recognition equipment, and other tel... View full abstract»

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  • Technology 1992-test and measurement

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):45 - 46
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    Noteworthy developments during 1991 are summarized. The rise of RISC put new demands on logic analyzers. Instruments relied less on PCs and more on multiple microprocessors for intelligence. Testability issues continued to grow in importance, with a strong focus on boundary scan methods. In the standards area, work continued on intrinsic, or quantum, standards, with ion cooling and laser trapping ... View full abstract»

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  • Technology 1992-industrial electronics

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):47 - 48
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (362 KB)

    Important trends and events are highlighted. The use of fuzzy logic expanded. The use of programmable logic controllers in distributed control made headway. Low-cost vision systems were introduced, as were faster X-ray laminography systems. Growing emphasis on keeping humans who work around robots safe was evident. More robust motion and speed controls for both robots and motors became available.&... View full abstract»

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  • Technology 1992-power and energy

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):49 - 51
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (566 KB)

    Important trends and events during 1991 are discussed. Progress in the US and abroad in developing long term energy strategies is examined. Developments in coal scrubbing are reviewed. An international conference of 35 European nations was set up to formulate a comprehensive energy charter for the group. High on the agenda is defining the legal and administrative framework for closer cooperation b... View full abstract»

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  • Technology 1992 - Consumer electronics

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):52 - 54
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    Significant developments during 1991 are highlighted. Tests of proposed US HDTV transmission systems got underway. A trend toward TV cable systems with higher channel capacities is developing in the US. Digital compact cassette (DCC) and mini disc systems began competing with digital audio tape. Proposals for digital audio radio, which would use a data compression scheme similar to that in DCC and... View full abstract»

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  • Technology 1992-transportation

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):55 - 57
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    Milestones in transportation during 1991 are summarized. High-speed and light rail expanded worldwide. Maglev is showing promise for US applications. The English Channel tunnel ran into some problems. Electric cars got a needed financial push.<<ETX>> View full abstract»

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  • Technology 1992-medical electronics

    Publication Year: 1992, Page(s):61 - 62
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    Advances of note during 1991 are reviewed. A microprocessor-based fiber-optic sensing system that monitors blood gas in real time was introduced. Also introduced was a tympanic or ear thermometer that measures infrared heat generated by the eardrum and surrounding tissue and displays the temperature in about 2 s. Interest in artificial heart research was reviewed. Images of the human brain as it p... View full abstract»

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  • Technology 1992-the specialities

    Publication Year: 1992
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (148 KB)

    Some noteworthy developments during 1991 are highlighted. New publishing and word-processing software can work in full color. Methods of measuring electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) have improved. Important changes in undergraduate engineering education are imminent.<<ETX>> View full abstract»

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