IEEE Spectrum

Volume 25 Issue 1 • Jan. 1988

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Displaying Results 1 - 16 of 16
  • Technology '88: the main event [superconductivity]

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):27 - 28
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    The discovery in 1987 of a class of ceramic materials that remain superconducting up to liquid-nitrogen temperatures is reviewed. The problems that must be resolved before the materials can be used in practical applications are described. Current research directions are noted.<<ETX>> View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: minis and mainframes

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):29 - 31
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    Problems encountered by manufacturers of superminicomputers during 1987 are discussed. These include difficulties with their own products as well as competition from new products. An expert opinion is offered by Howard Sachs, vice president and general manager of Intergraph Corp.'s advanced processor division, who describes how microprocessors are competing with middle-range computers.<<ETX&... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: personal computers

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):32 - 34
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (357 KB)

    The state of the personal computer field in 1987, in the wake of IBM's introduction of a completely new line of personal computers, known as the Personal System/2, is examined. The possibility that the formerly monolithic IBM PC standard might develop along several different paths is discussed. Other developments, including an open-architecture Apple Macintosh model, are described. An expert opini... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: design automation

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):35 - 37
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (358 KB)

    Developments during 1987 are reviewed. These include hardware improvements, the proliferation of personal computers hosting CAE programs, the growing need for open systems, the refinement of standards, and the profusion of applications software. An expert opinion is offered by Donald E. Thomas, professor of electrical and computer engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, who outlines the major t... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: software

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):38 - 40
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (396 KB)

    Reviewing 1987 developments, the author focuses on what did not (or almost did not) happen, the foremost being IBM's Operating System/2 (OS/2), which barely made it to the market; the failure of computer-aided software engineering (CASE) to define itself and convince the industry of its importance; and poor sales of AI hardware and software. He also discusses Display PostScript, a version of the P... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: communications

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):41 - 43
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (336 KB)

    Developments during 1987 are highlighted. Notable among them are big gains for mobile communications, the growing use of optical fiber, open networks for providers of services, and the success of the French videotex system. An expert opinion is offered by Eric Nussbaum, assistant vice president of Bell Communications Research Inc.'s network systems and services research laboratory, who discusses t... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: Solid state

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):44 - 46
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (336 KB)

    Significant developments of 1987 are reviewed, namely, a truce in the chip war between the US and Japan; the arrival of 4 Mb chips, with the 16 Mb chips on the horizon; the growing market for application-specific ICs; refinements in floating-point digital signal processors; GaAs-on-silicon wafer; and high-density packaging for chips. An expert opinion is offered by W. David Price, a senior member ... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: instrumentation

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):47 - 49
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (335 KB)

    1987's new measuring instruments are reviewed. Many provided radical improvements in precision through such technology as superconducting Josephson junctions and application-specific ICs. Other products, from very-large-scale-integrated testers to signal processors, continued a trend toward integrating numerous measurement capabilities in one system. Most of the year's products were microprocessor... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: industrial electronics

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):50 - 52
    Cited by:  Patents (3)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (374 KB)

    The industrial electronics scene during 1987 is highlighted. Among the important trends are standard backplanes for programmable controllers; sensors with greater ruggedness and sensitivity; expert systems suitable for online application; and self-protecting power switches. An expert opinion is offered by Richard C. Born, a professor of electrical engineering and computer science at the Milwaukee ... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: power and energy

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):53 - 55
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    The difficulties that continued to beset utilities with nuclear power plant projects during 1987 are reviewed. Other developments discussed are the growing controversy over deregulation of the electric utility industry, research on automated power switching systems, garbage burning as an energy source, and controversy over some of Brazil's planned hydroelectric plants. An expert opinion is offered... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: consumer electronics

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):56 - 58
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (349 KB)

    Developments during 1987 are reviewed. A variety of products based on laser optical-disk technology have been offered to consumers. New formats for video cassette recorders and camcorders make possible home television pictures with quality comparable to that from laser videodisks. Proposals for high-definition and improved-definition television broadcast systems, now under evaluation, also promise... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: transportation

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):59 - 60
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (234 KB)

    This review of 1987 developments discusses the growing impetus toward automatic train control in the wake of the January 1987 accident involving an Amtrak passenger train. Also discussed are the growing use of gate-turnoff-thyristor-based converters in railroad equipment; growing interest in high-speed trains; and air safety problems. An expert opinion is offered by Richard A. Uher, director of Ca... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: Aerospace and military

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):61 - 64
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (515 KB)

    This overview of 1987 developments focuses on missiles, which overshadowed other events. The discussion covers the performance of Cruise missiles; the development of radar-triggered missiles; and the accuracy of the US Trident II missile. Also considered are the B-1B bomber and antimissile plans for the US Strategic Defense Initiative. An expert opinion is offered by Thomas F. Curry, chief scienti... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: medical electronics

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):65 - 67
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (332 KB)

    Developments during 1987 are reviewed, namely, the use of movies of the beating heart; increased use of ultrasound; automatic insulin delivery; a laser catheter for cleaning leg arteries of plaque; improved pacemakers; and testing of cochlear devices. An expert opinion is provided by George V. Kondraske, associate professor of electrical and biomedical engineering at the University of Texas at Arl... View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: education

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):68 - 69
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    Developments during 1987 are highlighted. The discussion covers the growing number of foreign engineering students attending US schools; debates over curricula; and university-industry cooperation. An expert opinion is given by Lawrence P. Grayson of the US Department of Education, who discusses the continuing efforts to enroll more minorities and women in engineering.<<ETX>> View full abstract»

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  • Technology '88: the specialities [electrical engineering]

    Publication Year: 1988
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (110 KB)

    Key developments in some of the more specialized and esoteric branches of electrical engineering during 1987 are summarized. These are the fabrication of error control and data compression chips; the deficiencies in electromagnetic compatibility education; neural learning network model developed; and pulse encoding for optical-fiber telecommunications systems.<<ETX>> View full abstract»

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