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Communications, IEEE Transactions on

Issue 7 • Date July 1976

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Displaying Results 1 - 20 of 20
  • [Front cover and table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 0
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Guest Editorial: Telecommunications in Developing Countries

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 673 - 675
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • [Back cover]

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 0
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Telecommunications in Indonesia

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 687 - 690
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    The telecommunications in Indonesia is reviewed with emphasis on transmission and switching networks. It is recognized that due to the geographical configuration of Indonesia, problems are created in the field of telecommunication that require special transmission consideration. The existing Perumtel's Transmission Network and Domestic Satellite Project Palapa 1 are discussed. The future expansion programs in transmission and switching are also briefly reviewed. View full abstract»

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  • Planning Communications Systems in Developing Countries

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 710 - 715
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    Technology for planning communications systems has generally been designed for applications in well-developed communication networks. There exists a question on the appropriateness of these techniques and equipment to developing countries with a high growth rate. This paper discusses five aspects of telecommunication planning for the high growth era in developing countries: forecasting, concept of service, planning technology, appropriate equipment, and technological flexibility. View full abstract»

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  • Telecommunications as a Factor in the Economic Development of a Country

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 716 - 722
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    Many different techniques have been studied in the past for correlating the growth of a telecommunications network with the economic growth of a country in an attempt to allocate capital resources optimally. With suitable modifications, several of these techniques have been found to have some broad application, but no universally applicable technique has yet been developed. Of the methods developed to date, however, several of the more intensive ones can usefully be applied to developing countries where the present telephone density is very low in comparison with the industrialized countries. This paper presents the results of using a macroanalytic technique in correlating these factors for several selected countries in Latin America. The results are then discussed in the context of basic telephone demand parameters and the current dynamic technological and economic environment. View full abstract»

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  • Iran's Present Telecommunication System and Its Expected Development

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 694 - 700
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    By the end of the Fifth Plan, March 21, 1978, Iran will have expanded its telecommunication service threefold, it will be providing educational program and television to nearly 75 percent of its population, and it will be well on its way to accomplishing its longrange goal of a totally integrated telecommunication system. It will have graduated telecommunication engineers and technicians from the PTT College of Telecommunications Engineering. Radio and television production specialists will be graduated from the NIRT College which recently incorporated a Master's Program. It will also have expanded present telecommunication manufacturing capabilities and started new joint ventures. Where it is now, where it intends to be, and how it intends to get there are described in this paper. View full abstract»

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  • State of Telecommunications in Developing Countries--An Overview

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 676 - 683
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    This paper examines the state of telecommunications in developing countries with special emphasis on telecommunication technology and telephone statistics such as number of telephones, telephone density and demand. First, the notion of a developing world is formulated in terms of social and economic conditions, and its existing telecommunication needs are reviewed. Then the state of telecommunication is portrayed in terms of various international telephone statistics and is compared with those of the industrialized world. Typical government-controlled telecommunication organizations responsible for providing telephone services, associated manpower, and training needs are then discussed. The technology is reviewed from the viewpoint of local capabilities, ancillary industries, and foreign know-how as well as the pricing policy for telecommunication services, based on highly unsatisfied demand. At the end, two aspects of telecommunication in developing countries are explored: 1) the administrative aspect that emphasizes growth and production, and 2) the users aspect that represents a long waiting period, heavy investment, poor voice quality, and inadequate maintenance. View full abstract»

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  • INTELSAT and the Developing World

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 742 - 748
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    Adequate telecommunications facilities to meet both internal and external telecommunications requirements are important prerequisites for a country's development. The International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT) has been cognizant of this fact, and has endeavored to respond to the needs of the developing world in a variety of ways. This paper discusses why developing countries have turned to INTELSAT to meet their telecommunications requirements, how INTELSAT has responded to this need and fostered such usage, and what activities INTELSAT is contemplating for the future which are likely to continue and improve upon this trend. View full abstract»

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  • Global Scope at the National Level: The ITU's Contributions to Telecommunications Development

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 700 - 709
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    The International Telecommunication Union's (ITU) work that is oriented towards the needs of developing countries is described. This work is explained as one of two kinds of technical cooperation; the other kind corresponds to the ITU's traditional function as coordinator and standards-maker for international working of telecommunication services. It is shown how these two kinds of technical cooperation both aid each other and compete with each other for funds, top-level organizational attention, and provision of expert manpower. The growth and diversity of cooperative activities for the benefit of developing countries is reviewed in some detail. Numerous examples of handbook-writing and special national or regional projects are given. It is concluded that the ITU exhibits two faces, one directed toward the highly developed country, another toward the developing country in need of help. Maintaining a judicious balance in support of these two personalities represents a challenge to the ITU as a whole, and to its Permanent Organs in particular. View full abstract»

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  • Low-Power-Consumption Microwave Radio Relay System

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 771 - 782
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    An economical microwave radio relay system in 2-GHz and 4-GHz bands for developing areas can be realized by the combination of extremely low-power-consumption radio equipment and static power supply equipment, such as thermoelectric generators, solar cells, etc. High reliability of this system minimizes the number of maintenance personnel and of routine inspection tours to economize the system operation cost. The system in the 4-GHz band is capable of transmitting up to 1800 telephone channels, yet it features outstanding economy in television or telephone channel transmission up to 960 channels, especially in remote areas. System description, comparison with a conventional system, and a brief radio equipment description are presented here. View full abstract»

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  • A Communications Explosion in Oman

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 691 - 694
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    Due to the small size of the country and to available petro dollars, Oman has a unique opportunity to build a completely new telecommunications system. This paper outlines present domestic and international telecommunications networks in Oman and discusses future development programs. View full abstract»

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  • Telecommunication Development--The Third Way

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 736 - 742
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    The object of this paper is to define the third way to telecommunication development-suitable to the needs and conditions of the third world countries. It begins with some comments on the present conditions, identifies probable reasons, and defines three fundamental goals for developing nations: 1) rural communication,2) accessibility, and 3) reliability. Based on these three goals, the third way to telecommunication development is defined. The need for an autonomous telecommunication technology center for the third world is emphasized, and its objectives, organization, and implementation are discussed. A need for new systems geared toward increasing accessibility is advocated. As an example, a new concept called the "community telephone" is introduced, which is designed to provide reliable telecommunication service to a small community. At the end, it is concluded that the real implication of the third way to telecommunication development can only be analyzed through further interdisciplinary research. View full abstract»

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  • Present State and Future of Telecommunications in Turkey

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 684 - 686
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    The public telecommunication network of Turkey is briefly discussed in this paper. The existing telephone, telegraph, data, and other related services are summarized, and future trends in some of these services are indicated. These trends suggest that capital investments on the telecommunication services must be at least doubled in order that the standards in the country compete with those of the world averages. Finally, some of the research in communications is cited. View full abstract»

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  • Some Implications of Telecommunication Policies in Developing Countries

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 729 - 732
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    In developing countries telecommunication policies are based on the urban development program. It is pointed out that the telecommunication needs of the developing countries lie in both the urban and rural areas and as a result two distinct networks, urban and rural, are needed. Establishment of a National Rural Telecommunication Agency is suggested to implement the concept of rural networks. View full abstract»

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  • Some Recurrent Problems of Telecommunications in Developing Countries

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 723 - 728
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    The expansion and improvement of telecommunication services in developing countries is faced with a number of problems of implementation and of method. The problems of implementation have well-established solutions and, therefore, are only briefly discussed in this paper. The main focus of this paper is concentrated on four classes of problems related to method, namely: 1) demand forecasting and its impact on system performance; 2) economic evaluation with special regard to social factors; 3) pricing; and 4) technological dependence on foreign countries. The problems need considerably more research and field work before results of any permanence and general validity are obtained. The paper concludes that dealing with these and related problems of method needs an essentially interdisciplinary approach. It further suggests that only some international technical and development organizations may, in the foreseeable future, be in the position to undertake interdisciplinary sectoral telecommunication studies of adequate breadth and depth to yield meaningful tools for better utilization of the scarce telecommunication resources in developing countries. View full abstract»

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  • Microwave System Development in India

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 763 - 771
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    This paper highlights the development aspects of microwave systems as they have grown in India. It includes discussion on early struggles, design feedbacks, and the results of a recent development effort. A note on the lessons derived from this experience is also included. View full abstract»

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  • Educational Television and Development in Iran

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 755 - 762
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    Some developing nations, such as Iran, have the resources for rapid economic development. Typically, that development requires very large and rapid expansion of education and training programs. An educational television (ETV) system is shown to be an effective tool for providing the needed expansion as long as it is used primarily for training adults. This conclusion is based on a detailed analysis of successful ETV operations in the United States and Great Britain. Specific functions needed for effective ETV application are identified, and organizational guidelines are proposed. View full abstract»

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  • Pan-African Telecommunication Network: A Case for Telecommunications in the Development of Africa

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 749 - 755
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    Some of the special problems and constraints associated with African Continental Telecommunications axe reviewed. A description of plans to establish a continental terrestrial telecommunication network-now called the Pan-African Telecommunication (PANAFTEL)network is given together with traffic predictions. Future development of such a network in a rapidly expanding traffic environment is surveyed taking into account the complementary role which a domestic satellite communication system would play. View full abstract»

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  • Choice of Technology for Rural Telecommunication in Developing Countries

    Publication Year: 1976 , Page(s): 732 - 736
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    This paper draws attention to the outstanding feature of present telecommunications in developing countries, namely that most of the equipment is installed in towns but most people live in rural areas. Various features of the social environment are outlined, indicating their importance for planning and choice of technology. Social change is shown to offer the opportunity for telecommunication development but it also poses the main challenge to planning. The paper outlines the main constraints to choice of technology, emphasizing those that relate to the socioeconomic environment in the rural areas. Within these constraints, a pragmatic approach is advocated which admits both old and modern technological solutions. A discussion of the technology-transfer question develops a conceptual framework within which this approach may be justified. View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Communications focuses on all telecommunications including telephone, telegraphy, facsimile, and point-to-point television by electromagnetic propagation.

 

 

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Robert Schober
University of British Columbia