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IEEE Spectrum

Volume 27 Issue 6 • June 1990

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Displaying Results 1 - 12 of 12
  • EC '92: status report

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):22 - 24
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Telecommunications

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):25 - 26
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    The telecommunications blueprint for a single Europe after 1992 is examined. This 'green paper' is an ambitious three-year-old document in which the European Community's Commission calls for a Western-Europe-wide telecommunications infrastructure based on the integrated-services digital network (ISDN) and other digital communication links. The progress that has been made toward this goal is assess... View full abstract»

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  • Transportation

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):26 - 28
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    Ambitious improvements in rail transport and commercial aviation slated by the 12 members of the European Community (EC) for 1992 and beyond are discussed. Most publicized has been the Folkestone-to-Calais tunnel (actually three 50-km tunnels) beneath the English Channel. The tunnel is to open in June 1993, with high-speed trains operating about every five minutes, carrying passengers, their cars,... View full abstract»

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  • Power and energy

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):28 - 30
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    The design and manufacture of electric power equipment, the one electrotechnology in which Europe could gain worldwide dominance by the end of the century, is examined. All three power-equipment categories-generation, transmission, and distribution-are involved. Europeans already lead in the production of extra-high-voltage (EHV) circuit breakers, high-voltage, direct-current (HVDC) equipment, and... View full abstract»

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  • Aerospace and defense

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):30 - 32
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    The challenge facing the European aerospace community after 1992, integrating members' individual capabilities into a decisively unified, noncontentious entity, is addressed. The two stellar examples of European cooperation in this area, the European Space Agency (ESA) and Arianespace SA, which builds and launches the Ariane rockets, are examined. ESA is a consortium of the national space research... View full abstract»

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  • Microelectronics and computers

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):32 - 33
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    The European microelectronics and computer industry, which has trailed Japanese and US competitors in technology and market share, is examined. The impact of European Community (EC) rulings and of actions taken by the various European companies is considered. As they consolidate and reorganize to better cope with the present downturn, European computer companies are also beginning to plan for the ... View full abstract»

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  • Consumer electronics

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):33 - 34
    Cited by:  Patents (6)
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    The European consumer electronics industry is examined, focusing on how the manufacturers have been restructuring, streamlining, and consolidating in order to compete against Japanese competitors. Emerging from this strategic repositioning are three conglomerates which possess major shares of the European television market, and are active in other areas of consumer electronics. In order of size, t... View full abstract»

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  • Tradeoffs: turf vs. togetherness (ESPRIT)

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):36 - 38
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    The changes that will attend the creation of a single European market in 1992 and the tradeoffs entailed are discussed. The biggest success so far has been so-called precompetitive research, which began with the advent of the European Strategic Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology (ESPRIT) in 1984. The ESPRIT program, and the dozens of others created in its image, are m... View full abstract»

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  • Global standards

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):44 - 46
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    Pan-European standardization bodies and activities are discussed with particular attention given to their impact on international trade. Since many International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standards have been derived from US and Japanese products, primarily in telecommunications, the fear that European standards may keep US companies ... View full abstract»

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  • The single-market engineer

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):47 - 49
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    Standardizing the multitude of professional standards and degrees to enable professionals to work in any European Community (EC) member state, which remains one of the EC's greatest challenges, is discussed. To address these issues for engineers, the EC asked the European Federation of National Engineering Associations (Feani) to coordinate talks aimed at achieving a consensus within the engineeri... View full abstract»

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  • Multinationals on the move

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):50 - 52
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    An overview is given of the steps being taken by the major Europe-based multinational technology firms to prepare for the post-1992 environment and to take advantage of opportunities opening in eastern Europe. The largest companies had been slower than US and Japanese companies to expand globally, but the past five years have seen a spate of mergers, joint ventures, and sales of business units as ... View full abstract»

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  • Americans in Paris . . . (European Community)

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):55 - 56
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    Steps being taken by US companies to prepare for the post-1992 European market are described. In some cases, US companies may be better organized than their European counterparts to deal with a unified market. However, US trade officials still fear possible trade barriers. In particular, Article 115 of the 1957 European Economic Treaty has been used to protect the domestic automobile industries. T... View full abstract»

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