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Annals of the History of Computing, IEEE

Issue 3 • Date July-Sept. 2000

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Displaying Results 1 - 6 of 6
  • Was early entry a competitive advantage? US universities that entered computing in the 1940s

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 42 - 87
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (271 KB)  

    The author discusses whether early entry was a competitive advantage in academic computing. This is accomplished by examining the first three decades of computing at five universities - MIT, Harvard, the University of Pennsylvania, Columbia and Princeton - that initiated computing programs in the 1940s. View full abstract»

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  • History of modern computing [Reviews]

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 93 - 94
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (49 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The first business computer: a case study in user-driven innovation

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 16 - 26
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (112 KB)  

    In 1949, the world's first business computer application was rolled out. The host for the application was a British catering and food-manufacturing company, which had developed and built its own computer, designed for business data processing. The author traces the endeavour's history and presents an analysis of how and why the company-J. Lyons & Co.-was in a natural position to take on the challenge, the precursor of the information revolution we see today View full abstract»

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  • Events and sightings

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 88 - 92
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    First Page of the Article
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  • The US Bombes, NCR, Joseph Desch, and 600 WAVES: the first reunion of the US Naval Computing Machine Laboratory

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 27 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (192 KB)  

    The code-breaking activities of the British Government Code and Cipher School at Bletchley Park have dominated our understanding of the secret war to infiltrate the message system of the German forces in Europe between 1939 and 1945. This is the story of the US Navy's response to the need to gain intelligence to win the battle of the Atlantic in 1941 and 1942, the competitive development of mechanical code-breaking systems known as Bombes, and the contributions of NCR engineer Joseph Desch and 600 Navy WAVES (Women Appointed for Volunteer Emergency Service) View full abstract»

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  • Inventing systems engineering [LEO]

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 4 - 15
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (104 KB)  

    The J. Lyons food and catering company in 1949 undertook an ambitious project known as LEO (Lyons Electronic Office). This created, for the first time anywhere, computer hardware and software for business applications. The author describes the history and applications legacy of this successful endeavor, using personal reminiscences and letters from one of LEO's founding participants View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

From the analytical engine to the supercomputer, from Pascal to von Neumann, from punched cards to CD-ROMs -- the IEEE Annals of the History of Computing covers the breadth of computer history.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Nathan Ensmenger
Indiana University, School of Informatics & Computing
nensmeng@indiana.edu