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Annals of the History of Computing, IEEE

Issue 1 • Date Jan.-March 1999

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Displaying Results 1 - 13 of 13
  • Anecdotes

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 45 - 47
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Biographies

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 48 - 65
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    In addition to biographies, this department publishes autobiographies, memoirs, and brief and extended obituaries. Each is intended to celebrate a life. The individuals discussed in this issue are: William Atchison (obituary), Reynold B. Johnson (obituary); and the Computer Pioneers From Eastern and Central Europe, where biographies or obituaries of the Pioneer Award Winners from Eastern and Central Europe are provided. View full abstract»

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  • Events and Sightings

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 71 - 75
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • Engines of the mind: the evolution of computer from mainframes to microprocessors

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 76 - 77
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  • Darwin Among the machines: The evolution of global intelligence

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 77 - 78
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  • Crystal fire: the birth of the information age

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 78
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  • Journey to the moon: the history of the Apollo guidance computer

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 78 - 79
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  • The University of Manchester MU5 project

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 24 - 33
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    MU5 was the fifth computer system to be designed and built at the University of Manchester, England, in succession for a series of innovative projects dating back to the late 1940s. MU5 introduced a number of new ideas-particularly in terms of its instruction set, which was designed with high-level language compilation in mind and novel uses for associative stores. The technical aspects of the project have been well-documented in numerous papers and a book. This paper presents a history of the development of the MU5 hardware and the way in which the system was brought to life. It also explains some of the thinking that went into the design of MU5 and reflects on the success of the project View full abstract»

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  • Profession/occupation without a history

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 66 - 70
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    The study from which the article paper grew examines software developers and related occupational groups. One of the first areas of interest that emerged in the course of the study dealt with the question of professionalization within the various occupational groups. One early observation was that those working in information technology development held a peculiar attitude toward the history of software development, specifically, an ahistorical orientation. Further examination of this ahistorical orientation has led to two considerations: 1) people who are interested in forming into a profession of developers are going to find it very difficult, if not impossible to create a community of professionals among software developers; 2) traditional historiography is inadequate for the analysis of the history of this technology and the people associated with it. The paper argues that the problem of creating an occupational community is related to a set of problems involved in writing the history of software development. It begins with a general discussion of professions and professionalization, followed by a focus on one element of the occupational world of software developers: their orientation to the past-their history. The discussion then moves to a consideration of some of the larger implications arising from the analysis View full abstract»

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  • Early experiences with the Arpanet and Internet in the United Kingdom

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 38 - 44
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    The paper describes both the administrative and technical backgrounds to the establishment of the first international Internet node-from its beginnings as a single Arpanet node to the main early link between the Internet and the UK National Research Network. It gives an overview of some of the technical accomplishments of the early years and of the services offered. It reviews how certain political and governmental decisions affected its management and location and draws some conclusions from the experiences View full abstract»

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  • The Atlas Computer Laboratory

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 17 - 23
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    The paper discusses the Atlas Computer Laboratory. The Laboratory was, and in many ways still is, one of the major computer laboratories in the world. It was established to provide a service to British scientists at a time when powerful computers were not usually available. It provided both a service and a training ground for many of today's leaders in the computer field View full abstract»

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  • The influence of programming languages on the design of MU5

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 34 - 37
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    Atlas was a wonderful machine, with over 1000 instructions, 128 registers in an architecture that allowed double modification, and an address space of 24 bits-at a time when stores were measured in kilobytes. Unfortunately, compiler writers were unable to use these facilities to the full-or anywhere near it. Almost all of the bits of compiled code were zeroes. For MU5, for the first-and probably the only-time, programmers were given the task of designing the order code so that they could fully utilize it. The author explains why compiler writers were unable to use Atlas at all well and how we designed the MU5 order code to enable us to compile code more effectively View full abstract»

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  • History in the computing curriculum

    Publication Year: 1999 , Page(s): 4 - 16
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    Although history is a part of arts and sciences, the history of computing has yet to receive uniform acceptance in the academic community. The history of computing should be considered as a part of human understanding and how the development of computing has affected the human environment. Computing curricula recommendations often neglect this aspect of study. This report seeks to justify a history component in a computing curriculum by providing resources and a framework for a curriculum. The report is international in scope; it seeks to raise the awareness of history to improve the study and practice of the computing profession, without confining it to a specific computing discipline. It also leads to the importance of history as a learning tool, both for students and practitioners, and shows how academicians can make history part of a computing curriculum View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

From the analytical engine to the supercomputer, from Pascal to von Neumann, from punched cards to CD-ROMs -- theIEEE Annals of the History of Computing covers the breadth of computer history.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Lars Heide
Copenhagen Business School
Centre for Business History