Scheduled System Maintenance
On Tuesday, May 22, IEEE Xplore will undergo scheduled maintenance. Single article sales and account management will be unavailable
from 6:00am–5:00pm ET. There may be intermittent impact on performance from noon–6:00pm ET.
We apologize for the inconvenience.
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Now Publishers

About Now Publishers

Founded in 2004, Now Publishers is an international press that has built a reputation among readers, authors, editors, and librarians as a source of excellent peer-reviewed publications in Business, Economics, Computer Science, and Engineering.

About the Foundations and Trends eBooks Library

Now Publishers has partnered with IEEE to bring a subset of their high-quality eBooks to the IEEE Xplore Digital Library. Foundations and Trends® Technology eBooks Library is a trusted resource for graduate students and senior researchers looking for a high-level introduction to a new subject area. Each title is comprised of a single monograph with an average of 150 pages written by research leaders in the field, offering a state-of-the-art review of its subject matter, which is validated by a peer-review process. By combining the peer-review of research journals with the high usage of reference works and the pedagogy of textbooks, this unique new eBook collection fulfills an important need in engineering and technology education.