2003 EcoDesign 3rd International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing

8-11 Dec. 2003

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 156
  • 2003. 3rd International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing - EcoDesign'03 (IEEE Cat. No.03EX895)

    Publication Year: 2003
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (482 KB)

    The following topics are dealt with: LCA (life cycle assessment) for process; recycling business; sustainable methodologies; life cycle design; ecodesign process; EMS (environmental management system); economics in social system; IT applications in social system; upgradable product design; process for disassembly; ecodesign tools; process technology in recycling; LCA in social system; information ... View full abstract»

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  • EcoDesign and global compliance: the role of virtual teams

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1 - 4
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (252 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The production and consumption of manufactured goods across regions and markets has reached a new level of complexity. At a time when products are designed in one region, manufactured in another, and then sold throughout the world, issues of environmental compliance and risk management have become critical design considerations. Product-oriented regulations are being implemented at a rapid rate wi... View full abstract»

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  • WEEE&RoHS and trends in the environmental legislation in the European Union

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):5 - 8
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (222 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    One could argue that the European Union (EU) is the recognized world leader when it comes to producing environmental laws. Over the past 35 years the EU has developed a comprehensive body of environmental legislation, which has proven innovative and successful in many respects. However, despite the number of laws facing industry, citizens and governments, the laws continue to be broken. Environmen... View full abstract»

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  • An industry vision on the implementation of WEEE and RoHS

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):9 - 16
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (471 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper the implementation of the European WEEE and RoHS directives will be considered from the perspective of an eco-efficient implementation. The basis for the environmental considerations of take back and recycling is the Quotes for Environmentally Weighted Recyclability (QWERTY) method as developed at Delft University of Technology. Combined with economic (cost) calculations a comprehens... View full abstract»

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  • Ideas for eco-design market development: a new evaluation methodology

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):17 - 25
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (370 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Since the early 1960's the environmental movement has included the concept of "sustainability". Yet in over forty years little progress has been made to make the world sustainable. Recently a number of Japanese and some Americans decided to develop a new and more effective process to help promote a sustainable world. Central to our process is the recognition that organizations must change in order... View full abstract»

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  • Environmental impacts evaluation of electricity grid mix systems in four selected countries using a life cycle assessment point of view

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):26 - 33
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (511 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The life cycle inventory (LCI) data of electric power generation plays a vital role on LCIs of industrial products. However, there are no formal life cycle assessment (LCA) studies in Indonesia so far due to limited of LCA expertise and lack of sufficient databases relevant to domestic conditions. Therefore, the aim of this study is, firstly, to introduce a life cycle assessment (LCA) method for I... View full abstract»

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  • A study on the evaluation of environmental impacts caused by technology developments

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):34 - 39
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (281 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Technology development for reduction of energy and material consumption should be welcomed and promoted, however, the development may require additional consumption of energy and material by the sector which has an indirect relationship with the technology. Moreover, the additional consumption causes environmental impacts. In this study, we propose a method to evaluate direct and indirect environm... View full abstract»

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  • Balancing design strategies and end-of-life processing

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):40 - 47
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (467 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The QWERTY/EE concept developed at the TU Delft is applied to balance design strategies with end-of-life treatment processes. Based on this concept, the following approach is used for four different redesign cases of consumer electronic products: 1. Assessing the impact of three general design strategies for improving end-of-life performance: reducing parts and materials that are environmentally b... View full abstract»

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  • An experimental approach to the recycling market

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):48 - 55
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (434 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper describes the formation of recycling markets by economic experiments with human subjects. A recycling system is not comprised only of its technology because direct and indirect effects of new technology depend on the economic system in which it functions. This study specifically addresses economic activity in product recycling. We elucidate it with economic experiments. Then we compare ... View full abstract»

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  • Remanufacturing in developing countries concentrated at leasing or selling - a case study of Indonesia

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):56 - 60
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (279 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper presents models for remanufacturing that are applicable in both developed and developing countries. The evaluation function is the total life cycle cost of the product and the scenario considered is product take-back for remanufacturing in leasing or selling conditions. Uncertainty in return of products is incorporated in the model for selling. The model further incorporates a repairing... View full abstract»

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  • Network agents for life cycle support of mechanical parts

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):61 - 64
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (237 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A part agent system that is composed of a network agent and RFID is proposed to support users in sustainable society who are often unable to get correct information at the correct time. The part agent is a network agent that follows via network counter-part in the real world. Its RFID or an electronic tag attached to the part is used as a key to the identification and temporal memory. The part age... View full abstract»

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  • Development of a method to grasp the corporate profit contribution rate of eco-friendly products

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):65 - 68
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (190 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Corporate environmental conservation activities contribute not only to direct environmental impact reduction, including energy conservation, resource conservation, and prevention of pollution at business facilities, but also to indirect environmental impact reduction in society in a wide sense, centered on customers, by considering the environment in the stage of product design and development. Fu... View full abstract»

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  • A framework for analysing sustainability by using the rewriting system

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):69 - 74
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (298 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The social system must be transformed to a sustainable cycle-oriented social system immediately. Numerous studies have been conducted on environmental problems. Those studies, however, focused on forming a sustainable society from the top down, based on the belief that strong restrictions such as laws will lead to the development of a sustainable society. We consider this belief to be suspect and ... View full abstract»

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  • A proposal for service modeling

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):75 - 80
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (344 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    To solve current industrial problems, we need to reconsider the mass-production paradigm and make products have more added value. Consumers want to be satisfied with using products rather than with owning them. We propose that products should be designed with service aspects in mind. However, since traditionally service has been neglected within engineering, we need new methods to define service. ... View full abstract»

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  • A new eco-design strategy to assess sustainable environmental innovations

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):81 - 88
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (489 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper analyzes and discusses the potential role of evolutionary theories in environmental innovation with emphasis on sustainability. The study focuses on the dynamic mechanisms driving the adaptation of products to their changing environments. As a result, a strategy, called Eco-evolution, is proposed. Eco-evolution is a strategy based on incremental innovation through re-examination of exis... View full abstract»

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  • Electronics ecodesign research empirically studied

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):89 - 94
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (375 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    An extensive literature analysis has been carried out, encompassing over 850 papers published at ecodesign community conferences. Using a classification framework based on academic and industrial processes of fact-finding, analysis, implementation, and exploitation of ecodesign knowledge and adjacent topics, insight has been generated as to the distribution of research attention across these topic... View full abstract»

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  • Simulation of closed-loop manufacturing systems focused on material balances

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):95 - 101
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (368 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    For achieving sustainable circulation of products, closed-loop manufacturing systems where products are made from used products, parts and materials taken back from the market, as well as new ones, should be established. Focusing on factories, the complicated fluctuations of amount, quality, and timing of these taken-back resources make effective planning and control of these factories very diffic... View full abstract»

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  • Product life cycle design based on product life control

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):102 - 108
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (424 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    To solve environmental issues, it is necessary to establish longer and more efficient product life cycles. However, it is difficult to design product life cycles because they are dependent on specific products. In an earlier study, we proposed a methodology to control product life by building in the possibility of upgrading that product, and we have also developed a life cycle simulation tool call... View full abstract»

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  • Proposal of decision support method for life cycle strategy by estimating value and physical lifetimes

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):109 - 116
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (391 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper proposes a decision support method for life cycle strategy in environmentally conscious product design. Here, decision of life cycle strategy includes selection of appropriate life cycle options (LCOP), such as upgrading, reuse, maintenance, and recycling. For this purpose, this paper focuses on the lifetimes of products and components, distinguishing the lifetime into two categories, p... View full abstract»

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  • Idea generation and risk evaluation methods for life cycle planning

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):117 - 123
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (397 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The early design phases, such as the planning and conceptual design phases, greatly affect the eco-effectiveness of a product. Therefore, it is crucial that the environmental aspects are taken into account in the early design phases. Our life cycle planning (LCP) methodology is intended to integrate quality, cost, and environmental aspects systematically in the early phases of eco-design. In this ... View full abstract»

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  • An international study on utilization of design for environment methods (DfE) - a pre-study

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):124 - 131
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (567 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper presents an international study on utilization of DfE methods. The paper is therefore a basis for research cooperation between the authors. Within this proposal a pre-study, including desk research and an interview, was carried out. For the interview a questionnaire in conjunction with a semi-structured interview was carried out in five major companies in Japan and Europe. The goal of t... View full abstract»

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  • Extraction of cypress oil and small-sized biomass energy system

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):132 - 136
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (364 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    According to the trend of needs for renewable or sustainable energy in the world, issues for wind power, solar, and biomass energies have become a large concern. Among such renewable energies, biomass energy is thought to have a great potentiality. In Kochi, prefectural feasibility studies regarding the biomass energy from trees were planned and studied. However, the wood-based biomass energy syst... View full abstract»

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  • An inspection policy for a stochastically failing single-unit system

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):137 - 140
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (232 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Inspection is considered as a means of confirming whether maintenance-intended equipment operates normally or whether it works correctly when required for operation. Inspection costs increase when the inspection interval is shortened since inspection is one of the cost elements. On the contrary, risk or loss caused by failure will increase when the inspection interval is lengthened. Therefore, an ... View full abstract»

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  • LCA-NETS tool for environmental design of natural gas-fired power generation systems in Thailand

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):141 - 146
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (349 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Natural gas power generating plants account for 52.5% of all of the electricity produced in Thailand. The attractiveness of small amount combustion gas emission has brought about an increase in the number of natural gas power plants. On the other hand, natural gas is not a renewable energy source. The life cycle efficiency is negative, indicating that more energy is consumed by the steam than is p... View full abstract»

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  • Ecological loss function: basis for preliminary environmental evaluation and design of techniques

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):147 - 154
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (505 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    There is a recognition that one of the best ways to reduce waste and pollution towards zero is to prevent them from occurring in the first place. This can be done by focusing on the early aspects of designing products and processes. Ecological loss function which is adapted from Taguchi's quality loss function is developed in this paper to aid in the environmental assessment and design of techniqu... View full abstract»

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