Seventeenth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances. Proceedings of Conference (Cat. No.02TH8576)

18-18 Jan. 2002

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  • Seventeenth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances. Proceedings of Conference (Cat. No.02TH8576)

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (377 KB)

    The following topics are dealt with: new batteries; space applications; military applications; aqueous batteries; materials processing; electric vehicle batteries; hybrid vehicle batteries; Pb-acid batteries; Li-ion batteries; Ni-MH batteries; and Ni-H/sub 2/ batteries. View full abstract»

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  • Authors index

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s): xi
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Development and evaluation of large lithium/thionyl chloride batteries for unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) power

    Publication Year: 2002
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (68 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. NSWC Carderock Division is presently supporting the Mine and Undersea Warfare Unmanned Undersea Vehicle Office PMS-403 by conducting test and evaluation of large Li/SOCl/sub 2/ cells and battery assemblies to be used in the AN/BLQ-11 Long Term Mine Reconnaissance System vehicle. These tests support performance evaluations, but are foremost safety verification a... View full abstract»

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  • Development of an inorganic additive to active materials of lead acid batteries

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (64 KB)

    Summary form only given as follows. The most prominent type of additives that have been used over the years for lead acid batteries are those that impact the functioning of the active materials. Whereas the positive active material (PAM) is usually additive free the negative active material (NAM) is usually modified by a variety of additives, both organic and inorganic. We start off by defining ac... View full abstract»

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  • Micro X-ray diffraction studies of battery material interfaces

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (36 KB)

    Summary form only given as follows. Detailed study of surfaces and interfaces over small distances is critical to understanding the behavior of batteries and other power sources. This paper presents information on micro X-ray diffraction as a means of identifying compounds in areas as small as 50 microns. A technique for compound mapping of active material/electrode interfaces is given and its uti... View full abstract»

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  • Air electrodes performance in zinc-air batteries for portable devices

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (68 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Summary form only given as follows. Zinc-air batteries operate by using oxygen from the air at the positive electrode and oxidation of zinc metal at the negative electrode. Oxygen from the air is reduced at the air electrode and the zinc electrode oxidizes to form zinc oxide (ZnO). This process generates the electrochemical energy of the system. The zinc-air system is unique in that zinc-air cells... View full abstract»

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  • Hybrid battery system for a pocket computer

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (57 KB)

    Summary form only given as follows. Hybrid battery systems that contain both primary and secondary cells may offer compelling advantages for our smallest and most personal electronic devices. While either commodity alkaline cells or a Li-ion pack are used in most such applications today, small air-breathing power sources, such as metal-air cells and fuel cells, promise much higher specific energy ... View full abstract»

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  • Advanced battery systems for portable consumer electronics

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (34 KB)

    Summary form only given as follows. The US portable consumer battery market is reviewed. Technology trends relating to lithium, nickel metal hydride, alkaline and fuel cell battery systems are discussed. Key attributes are compared including cost, performance, consumer convenience and value. Projections are made regarding future developments and possible long term winners in the market place. A Ra... View full abstract»

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  • Integration of electric drive vehicles with the power grid-a new application for vehicle batteries

    Publication Year: 2002
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (71 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Summary form only given as follows. Most personal transportation vehicles sit parked about 22 hours each day, during which time they represent an idle asset. Vehicles that incorporate electric propulsion could be utilized as power sources while parked because the drive systems include the fundamental elements for generating AC power. Utilizing idle vehicles to provide valuable electric power funct... View full abstract»

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  • Advancements in Ni-MH batteries for high drain rate applications

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (92 KB)

    Summary form only given. Saft Rechargeable Battery Systems (RBS) has been developing and enhancing battery systems for mobility applications such as electrical bikes, scooters, motor-scooters, cars and trucks. That covers the cells, the battery design, and battery intelligent electronics to monitor charge and discharge. Saft enhanced its Ni-MH technology to deliver high discharge currents of 30 A ... View full abstract»

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  • X-ray computed tomography (CT) critical nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of nickel-hydrogen spacecraft batteries

    Publication Year: 2002
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (77 KB)

    Summary form only given as follows. This paper focuses on the methods and techniques of applying CT X-ray analysis to nickel-hydrogen spacecraft cells and batteries. Computed tomography X-ray analysis provides high-resolution quantitative imaging of internal battery components and structures, including metals, alloys and nonmetallic composites. Boeing is equipped with two independent scanning syst... View full abstract»

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  • Authors index

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):303 - 304
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Overcharge tolerance phenomenon in polymer lithium ion cells

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):191 - 194
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (262 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    An unusual overcharge tolerance phenomenon was observed in Electrochem's polymer lithium ion cells. The cells could be overcharged up to several times of the nominal capacity without a significant increase in cell potential. Experimental studies were carried out to understand this phenomenon. Cyclic voltammograms on gelled solid polymer electrolytes indicated that this phenomenon did not originate... View full abstract»

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  • Status of Panasonic battery R&D

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (51 KB)

    With battery OEMs continuing to push for smaller, lighter, cheaper rechargeable batteries, Panasonic is introducing several new lithium-ion prismatic, cylindrical and coin cells. In this presentation the author introduces Panasonic's latest lithium-ion cells and the performance results achieved. The author also discusses some of the most important trends and their impact on battery development and... View full abstract»

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  • Electrochemical pump for liquid cooling application

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):297 - 301
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (361 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Liquid cooling is one alternative for cooling technology that offers the advantage of carrying a large amount of heat. This property is attributed to high specific heat capacity in comparison with the same value for a gas heat carrier. One of the major problems of liquid cooling technology is an efficient and reliable pump to pump liquid. This paper discusses the design of an electrochemical pump ... View full abstract»

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  • Strategies for overcoming the adverse effects of imbalances in the second order reactions in valve regulated lead acid cells

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):183 - 189
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (648 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The fundamental problem of capacity loss in VRLA cells its discussed and the route cause of the problem defined in terms of the relationships of the so called second order reactions of oxygen evolution, oxygen reduction, grid corrosion, and negative self-discharge. Various possible strategies for overcoming the inherent capacity loss due to gradual self-discharge of the negative electrodes in VRLA... View full abstract»

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  • Scanning porosimetry for characterization of porous electrode structures

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):291 - 295
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (598 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A scanning technique has been developed to allow the porous microstructures and pore size distributions within porous electrodes to be directly unaged. The measurements use a piezoelectric-driven scanning probe similar to that used in scanning tunneling microscopy. The probe can map the conductivity through cross sections of porous electrodes, thus recognizing pores by their lack of high conductiv... View full abstract»

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  • Li ion cell performance for space application

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):179 - 182
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (334 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    SAFT has been testing different lithium ion cell products for space application since 1997. Presented here are the accelerated GEO tests with different depth of discharges (DOD) for 44 Ah cells with G4 chemistry. LEO tests are updated with 40 Ah cells with prototype chemistry. Accelerated LEO tests of 18650 cells are updated too View full abstract»

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  • Lithium ion battery automotive applications and requirements

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):113 - 118
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (425 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper reviews the potential automotive applications for lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries. Various applications are considered in terms of the battery system requirements. USABC and PNGV goals are referenced as they provide general specifications which apply to most original equipment manufacturers. Battery system design assumptions, such as electronic controls, modeling, and thermal management ... View full abstract»

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  • 90-ampere-hour nickel-hydrogen dependent pressure vessel (DPV) low Earth orbit (LEO) life test evaluation

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):35 - 40
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (276 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Three 90-Ah dependent pressure vessel (DPV) battery packs are being LEO life tested at Crane. As of 9/10/01, the 40% DOD pack has completed 4863 total cycles, and the 60% DOD pack has completed 2885 total cycles. The third pack, formerly tested at 71% DOD but currently run at 60% DOD, had 2067 total cycles as of 9/24/01. The philosophy of these tests is to minimize charging to maximize life, so al... View full abstract»

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  • Evaluation methods for aerospace lithium-ion cells

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):285 - 289
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (742 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper discusses the various methods of evaluating aerospace lithium-ion, cells The use of pouch cells for development is discussed, and the performance, of pouch versus hardware cells is presented. Other topics that are covered include the use of reference electrodes in cells, low Earth orbit (LEO) testing with periodic state-of-health checks, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) eval... View full abstract»

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  • Recent advances in lithium-ion and lithium-polymer batteries

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):173 - 178
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (376 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    There have been increasing efforts to develop new and novel electrolytes and electrode materials to improve the capacity, energy density, cycle life, and the performance of lithium batteries with enhanced safety. These batteries have the potential to meet the needs of several new medical device applications as well as the growing needs of portable electronic devices. Improved cathode materials are... View full abstract»

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  • Hermetically sealed lithium rechargeable batteries for high reliability applications: medical, aerospace and other specialties

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):129 - 134
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (253 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Since their development in the late 1980s, lithium rechargeable batteries have enjoyed rapid growth and wide use as a commodity battery known for its higher energy density storage and lightweight convenience. These same attributes are emerging as a strong platform in power source development for the medical and aerospace sectors with highly customized applications and narrowly defined criteria. Ac... View full abstract»

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  • Benefits of performance standards for lithium-ion and lithium-ion polymer batteries

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):223 - 225
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (237 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This presentation focuses on the benefits of establishing a minimum performance standard for lithium-ion and lithium-ion polymer cells. Electrical performance aspects such as initial impedance, capacity vs. temperature, cycle life, self discharge and irreversible capacity loss due to storage, could be covered by the standard. An established standard will help to reduce cycle time to develop cells ... View full abstract»

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  • Mobile power challenges for the Army's Objective Force

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):109 - 111
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (191 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The rapid transformation of the US Army towards the Objective Force will require dominance over the full spectrum of battlefield operations. An agile, more lethal, versatile and sustainable force will require power for highly mobile vehicles, to unattended ground sensors, down to the individual Warfighter. Advances in lithium ion chemistries have shown promise as a versatile power source for a var... View full abstract»

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