Proceedings 10th IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing

7-9 Aug. 2001

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  • Proceedings 10th IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing

    Publication Year: 2001
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (256 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Author index

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):445 - 446
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The Logistical Session Layer

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):443 - 444
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (160 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The Logistical Session Layer is a system to enable enhanced functionality to distributed programming systems. The term Logistical refers to the fact that we enhance the traditional client-server model to allow for intermediate systems which are neither. This system generalizes the notion of caches but represents a cleaner architecture in that it explicitly declares itself to be a session layer pro... View full abstract»

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  • A study of deadline scheduling for client-server systems on the Computational Grid

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):406 - 415
    Cited by:  Papers (26)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (672 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The Computational Grid is a promising platform for the deployment of various high-performance computing applications. A number of projects have addressed the idea of software as a service on the network. These systems usually implement client-server architectures with many servers running on distributed Grid resources and have commonly been referred to as network-enabled servers (NES). An importan... View full abstract»

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  • Applying Grid technologies to bioinformatics

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):441 - 442
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (208 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The science of bioinformatics provides researchers with the tools necessary to unravel the mysteries of life and evolution, discover cures for disease, and control the evolution of living organisms. To assist researchers in managing the growing data processing and management demands associated with bioinformatics, we have created a production system that draws upon Grid based technologies to contr... View full abstract»

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  • Multi-resolution resource behavior queries using wavelets

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):395 - 405
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (744 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Different adaptive applications are interested in the dynamic behavior of a resource over different fine- to coarse-grain time-scales. The resource's sensor runs at some fine-grain resource-appropriate sampling rate, producing a discrete-time resource signal. It can be very inefficient to to answer a coarse-grain application query by directly using the fine-grain resource signal. We address this g... View full abstract»

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  • Overview of security considerations for computational and data grids

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):439 - 440
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (168 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Large-scale science and engineering is frequently done through the interaction of collaborating groups, heterogeneous computing resources, information systems, and instruments, all of which are geographically and organizationally dispersed. The overall motivation for "Grids" is to enable the routine interactions of these resources to enhance this type of large-scale science and engineering, and th... View full abstract»

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  • Online prediction of the running time of tasks

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):383 - 394
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (932 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We describe and evaluate the Running Time Advisor (RTA), a system that can predict the running time of a compute-bound task on a typical shared, unreserved commodity host. The prediction is computed from linear time series predictions of host load and takes the form of a confidence interval that neatly expresses the error associated with the measurement and prediction processes, error that must be... View full abstract»

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  • The Active Streams approach to adaptive distributed systems

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):437 - 438
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (212 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The explosive growth of the Internet, with the emergence of new networking technologies and the increasing number of network-capable end devices, is paving the way for a number of novel distributed applications and services. Cooperative distributed systems have become a common computing model, and pervasive computing has caught the interest of academia and industry. To support future network appli... View full abstract»

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  • Open metadata formats: efficient XML-based communication for high performance computing

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):371 - 380
    Cited by:  Papers (10)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (784 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    High-performance computing faces considerable change as the Internet and the Grid mature. Applications that once were tightly-coupled and monolithic are now decentralized, with collaborating components spread across diverse computational elements. Such distributed systems most commonly communicate through the exchange of structured data. Definition and translation of metadata is incorporated in al... View full abstract»

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  • Cooperative caching middleware for cluster-based servers

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):303 - 314
    Cited by:  Papers (13)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (796 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Considers the use of cooperative caching to manage the memories of cluster-based servers. Over the last several years, a number of researchers have proposed content-aware servers that implement locality-conscious request distribution to address this memory management problem. During this development, it has become conventional wisdom that cooperative caching cannot match the performance of these s... View full abstract»

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  • Grid information services for distributed resource sharing

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):181 - 194
    Cited by:  Papers (430)  |  Patents (48)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1212 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Grid technologies enable large-scale sharing of resources within formal or informal consortia of individuals and/or institutions: what are sometimes called virtual organizations. In these settings, the discovery, characterization, and monitoring of resources, services, and computations are challenging problems due to the considerable diversity; large numbers, dynamic behavior, and geographical dis... View full abstract»

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  • Efficient techniques for distributed computing

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):435 - 436
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (204 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We discuss a set of novel techniques we are developing, which build on standard tools, to make distributed computing for large-scale simulations across multiple machines (even scattered across different continents) a reality. With these techniques we demonstrate that we are able to scale a tightly coupled scientific application in metacomputing environments. Such research and development in metaco... View full abstract»

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  • Massively parallel distributed feature extraction in textual data mining using HDDITM

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):363 - 370
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (520 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    One of the primary tasks in mining distributed textual data is feature extraction. The widespread digitization of information has created a wealth of data that requires novel approaches to feature extraction in a distributed environment. We propose a massively parallel model for feature extraction that employs unused cycles on networks of PCs/workstations in a highly distributed environment. We ha... View full abstract»

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  • Middleware support for global access to integrated computational collaboratories

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):35 - 46
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1076 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The growth of the Internet and the advent of the computational "Grid" have made it possible to develop and deploy advanced computational collaboratories. These systems build on high-end computational resources and communication technologies underlying the Grid, and provide seamless and collaborative access to particular resources, services or applications. Integrating these "focused" collaboratori... View full abstract»

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  • Network Characterization Service (NCS)

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):289 - 299
    Cited by:  Papers (16)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (876 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Distributed applications require information to effectively utilize the network. Some of the information they require is the current and maximum bandwidth, current and minimum latency, bottlenecks, burst frequency and congestion extent. This type of information allows applications to determine parameters like the optimal TCP buffer size. In this paper, we present a cooperative information-gatherin... View full abstract»

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  • Evaluation of a resource selection mechanism for complex network services

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):171 - 180
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (696 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Providing complex (resource-intensive) network services is challenging because the resources they need and the resources that are available can vary significantly from request to request. To address this issue, we have proposed a flexible mechanism, called active frames, that provides a basis for selecting a set of available distributed computing resources, and then mapping tasks onto those resour... View full abstract»

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  • Dynamic replica management in the service grid

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):433 - 434
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (152 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    As the Internet is evolving away from providing simple connectivity towards providing more sophisticated services, it is difficult to provide efficient delivery of high-demand services to end users, due to the dynamic sharing of the network and connected servers. To address this problem, we propose the service grid architecture that incorporates dynamic replication and deletion of services View full abstract»

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  • Parallel retrograde analysis on different architecture

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):356 - 362
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (592 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Retrograde analysis is an efficient exhaustive search method. It is a powerful tool that can be used in solving problems where end states have known values but starting states do not. It has been widely used to solve mathematically-precise games such as chess endgames, and is potentially usable in energy-minimization problems. With increasing computing power, both in speed and storage capacity, re... View full abstract»

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  • A CORBA-based development environment for wrapping and coupling legacy scientific codes

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):22 - 31
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (668 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Within NASA's High Performance Computing and Communication (HPCC) program, the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) is developing a large scale, detailed simulation environment for the analysis and design of aircraft engines called the Numerical Propulsion System Simulation (NPSS). The three major aspects of modeling capabilities focused in NPSS, including integration of different engine components, c... View full abstract»

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  • Enabling network-aware applications

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):281 - 288
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (664 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Many high-performance distributed applications use only a small fraction of their available bandwidth. A common cause of this problem is not a flaw in the application design, but rather improperly tuned network settings. Proper tuning techniques, such as setting the correct TCP buffers and using parallel streams, are well-known in the networking community, but outside this community they are infre... View full abstract»

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  • A case for TCP Vegas in high-performance computational grids

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):158 - 167
    Cited by:  Papers (11)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (684 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Computational grids such as the Information Power Grid (Johnston et al., 1999), Particle Physics Data Grid , and Earth System Grid depend on TCP to provide reliable communication between nodes across a wide-area network (WAN). Of the available TCP implementations, TCP Reno and its variants are the most widely deployed; however, Reno's performance in computational grids is mediocre at best. Due to ... View full abstract»

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  • Interfacing parallel jobs to process managers

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):431 - 432
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (148 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A variety of projects worldwide are developing what we call "heterogeneous MPI". These MPI implementations are designed to operate on multiple computers, perhaps of different types, ranging in complexity from a set of desktop workstations to several supercomputers connected via a wide area network. These considerations led us to investigate the feasibility of defining a common API that could be us... View full abstract»

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  • Wide-area transposition-driven scheduling

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):347 - 355
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (708 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The distributed searching of state spaces containing cycles is a challenging task and has been studied for several years. Traditional parallel search algorithms either ignore the cyclic nature of the state space and waste much time in duplicated search effort, or they rely on heavy communication to reduce duplicate work, resulting in a large communication overhead. Both methods perform poorly, eve... View full abstract»

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  • File and object replication in data grids

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):76 - 86
    Cited by:  Papers (47)  |  Patents (13)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (900 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Data replication is a key issue in a data grid and can be managed in different ways and at different levels of granularity: for example, at the file level or the object level. In the high-energy physics community, data grids are being developed to support the distributed analysis of experimental data. We have produced a prototype data replication tool, the Grid Data Management Pilot (GDMP) that is... View full abstract»

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