2000 IEEE Aerospace Conference. Proceedings (Cat. No.00TH8484)

25-25 March 2000

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  • 2000 IEEE Aerospace Conference [front matter]

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):0_1 - xxviii
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  • Attitude determination and control suitable for micro-spacecraft

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):143 - 165 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1556 KB)

    The Center for AeroSpace Technology (CAST) at Weber State University, and One Stop Satellite Solutions Inc. (OSSS), in partnership with the United States Air Force Academy, has been developing the JAWSAT (Joint Air Force Academy Weber Satellite) for several years. It is currently manifest for launch January 2000 on the maiden flight of a converted minuteman rocket. CAST proposes using excess capab... View full abstract»

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  • The Mars Surveyor '01 Rover and Robotic Arm

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):235 - 246 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1492 KB)

    The Mars Surveyor 2001 Lander will carry with it both a Robotic Arm and Rover to support various science and technology experiments. The Marie Curie Rover, the twin sister to Sojourner Truth, is expected to explore the surface of Mars in early 2002. Scientific investigations to determine the elemental composition of surface rocks and soil using the Alpha Proton X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS) will be co... View full abstract»

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  • Titech micro-satellite model: CanSat for sub-orbital flight

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):135 - 142 vol.7
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    We had the opportunity to launch prototype CanSats, small satellites the size of a soft drink can, on an amateur rocket in September 1999 (ARLISS: A Rocket Launched International Student Satellites). We developed four CanSats for ARLISS: CanSat Type1 and Type2 missions are experiments of two different types of mechanisms for tether applications, CanSat Type3, is a communications and electronic dev... View full abstract»

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  • The Triana Mission-next generation systems architecture ready for flight

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):277 - 285 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1140 KB)

    NASA's Triana Mission is the first to take full advantage of the powerful capabilities offered by modern digital electronics and comprehensive software architecture. Not only is the performance of these miniature systems well beyond that of their bulky predecessors, but the time to configure them for a particular mission has been dramatically reduced as well. As a result, the cost of these impleme... View full abstract»

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  • Designing solar storm microsatellite for predicting space weather

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):223 - 233 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (712 KB)

    Solar flares can cause serious damage to satellites and disruptions to power grids. To provide warning of impending solar storms to satellite operators, power companies and other users, a Sun- and Earth-viewing microsatellite located in orbit about the L1 libration point was designed by the Aerospace Corporation's Concept Design Center (CDC). The CDC's collaborative design methodology provided com... View full abstract»

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  • Attitude determination of small spinning spacecraft using three axis magnetometer and solar panels data

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):127 - 133 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (544 KB)

    An algorithm for attitude determination of a spinning spacecraft in Low Earth Orbit using three axis magnetometer and solar panels data is proposed. With this algorithm, the solar panels necessary for power generation are also used as a sensing system for attitude determination. The algorithm employs voltage, current and temperature measurements from all of the solar panels to reconstruct the sun ... View full abstract»

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  • A reusable state-based guidance, navigation and control architecture for planetary missions

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):269 - 275 vol.7
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (652 KB)

    JPL has embarked on the Mission Data System (MDS) project to produce a reusable, integrated flight and ground software architecture. This architecture will then be adapted by future JPL planetary projects to form the basis of their flight and ground software. The architecture is based on identifying the states of the system under consideration. States include aspects of the system that must be con... View full abstract»

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  • Distributed computing on Emerald: a modular approach for robust distributed space systems

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):211 - 222 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (920 KB)

    A modular, distributed bus architecture potentially offers significant advantages throughout a satellite's lifecycle. Specifically this architecture enables:- During ground integration: incremental integration of subsystems even if crucial parts, such as the CPU, are delayed; using the Internet for “virtual integration” between remote locations. On-orbit: sharing resources within a sat... View full abstract»

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  • Satellite cluster command and control

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):49 - 54 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (584 KB)

    For many applications a distributed cluster of cooperating satellites offers distinct advantages over satellites functioning alone. These include optimization of mission performance and increased fault tolerance. Although there are many benefits, commanding and controlling a large cluster of cooperating satellites poses several challenges. These include how satellites in the cluster maintain knowl... View full abstract»

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  • Wireless integrated network sensors (WINS): distributed in situ sensing for mission and flight systems

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):459 - 463 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (17)  |  Patents (30)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (616 KB)

    Wireless Integrated Network Sensors (WINS) form a new distributed information technology of combined sensor, actuator, and processing systems. WINS distributed nodes form autonomous, self-organized, wireless sensing and control networks. WINS nodes include microsensors, signal processing, computation and low power wireless networking. WINS enable distributed measurements for applications ranging f... View full abstract»

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  • Ground tools for autonomy in the 21st century

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):649 - 659 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1312 KB)

    Ground tools for unmanned spacecraft are changing rapidly driven by twin innovations: advanced autonomy and ubiquitous networking. Critical issues are the delegation of low-level decision-making to software, the transparency and accountability of that software, mixed-initiative control, i.e., the ability of controllers to adjust portions of the software's activity without disturbing other portions... View full abstract»

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  • Formation flying mission for the UW Dawgstar satellite

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):117 - 125 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (888 KB)

    An overview of a small satellite (<15 kg) being designed and built by the University of Washington for multiple small satellite formation flying is presented. The Dawgstar nanosatellite is one of three satellites being built for a three satellite formation experiment termed ION-F, and is unique in its propulsive capability. The satellites will also utilize an integrated GPS/cross-link system to... View full abstract»

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  • The ALFA constellation communications and navigation support system

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):177 - 184 vol.7
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (528 KB)

    The proposed ALFA space-based imaging interferometer mission consists of 16 identical small satellites with dipole antennas and low frequency radio receivers, distributed in a spherical array 100 km in diameter, and placed in a nearly circular distant retrograde orbit about the Earth, with a typical range of 106 km. Each satellite communicates directly with a small (11 m), low-cost ante... View full abstract»

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  • Software architecture themes in JPL's Mission Data System

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):259 - 268 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (27)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1132 KB)

    The rising frequency of NASA mission launches has highlighted the need for improvements leading to faster delivery of mission software without sacrificing reliability. In April 1998 Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) initiated the Mission Data System (MDS) project to rethink the mission software lifecycle-from early mission design to mission operation-and make changes to improve software architecture... View full abstract»

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  • Venus sample return. A hot topic

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):473 - 484 vol.7
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    Within the Solar System, Venus presents a set of unique challenges to obtaining samples and returning them to Earth. High temperatures, a thick corrosive atmosphere and poorly characterized terrain are some obvious examples. Our only knowledge of the surface and atmosphere is from Radar images and the data from Soviet probes. A point design now exists for a single launch mission to return Venusian... View full abstract»

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  • The NASA spacecraft transponding modem

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):195 - 209 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (7)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1652 KB)

    A new deep space transponder is being developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for NASA. The spacecraft transponding modem (STM) implements standard transponder functions and some of the command and telemetry channel service functions that have resided in spacecraft Command/Data Subsystems. The STM tracks an X-band uplink signal and provides both X-band and Ka-band downlinks, either coherent or ... View full abstract»

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  • Optimizing science return from Titan aerial explorers

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):493 - 499 vol.7
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (692 KB)

    This paper explores the scientific challenges of post-Cassini exploration of Titan, Saturn's giant, hazy moon. In particular, the scientific objectives are addressed, and the vehicle types that might be most appropriate are considered, paying particular attention to the energy required for mobility, for acquiring data, and downlinking it to Earth, and to the rate at which science data can be acqui... View full abstract»

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  • Formation flying in elliptical orbits

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):37 - 47 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1520 KB)

    We present a general approach to the analysis of the formation flying problem, based on FreeFlyer(R) and MATLAB(R), that is designed with spacecraft formations in mind. With this approach, we are able to quickly combine new algorithms for the initialization and control of a formation within the context of a high-fidelity operational tool. As an example, we can use a Hill-Clohessy-Wiltshire (HCW) a... View full abstract»

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  • Trade study of penetration and sampling devices for possible use on the Mars Sample Return missions

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):573 - 582 vol.7
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    This paper reviews the work completed on the compilation of a database containing viable penetrating and sampling devices, the performance of a system level trade study comparing selected devices to a set of prescribed parameters and the employment of a metric for the evaluation and ranking of the traded penetration and sampling devices, with respect to possible usage on the 03 and 05 Mars Sample ... View full abstract»

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  • TechSat 21: formation design, control, and simulation

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):19 - 25 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (19)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (656 KB)

    The satellite cluster approach to space missions requires science and technology advances in several key areas. Among these challenges is understanding the dynamics of satellites in close proximity to each other so that a formation can be intelligently designed, controlled, and simulated. An overview of on-going research in this area under the TechSat 21 program along with preliminary findings is ... View full abstract»

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  • Large area sail design concepts

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):447 - 456 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1100 KB)

    Mission concepts to several hundred AU and beyond are under study at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). The preliminary results of these mission studies have identified solar sails as one of the promising propulsion technologies for making these ambitious precursor and interstellar missions a reality. This paper presents solar and beamed energy sail ... View full abstract»

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  • Development of a radiation hardened 2 GHz acquisition system for space

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):557 - 565 vol.7
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (732 KB)

    This paper presents a radiation hardened digital oscilloscope tailored for space applications. The waveform capture system (WCS) was designed as a data acquisition system for a time of flight instrument on the European Rosetta cometary mission. The WCS is a radiation hardened low power, single board solution, providing 11 bits of accuracy, sub-nanosecond resolution, and complete command and data h... View full abstract»

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  • Hypothesis generation strategies for adaptive problem solving [spacecraft mission control]

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):641 - 648 vol.7
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (768 KB)

    Proposed missions to explore comets and moons will encounter environments that are hostile and unpredictable. Any successful explorer must be able to adapt to a wide range of possible operating conditions in order to survive. The traditional approach of constructing special-purpose control methods would require information about the environment, which is not available a priori for these missions. ... View full abstract»

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  • Behavior-based control systems for planetary autonomous robot outposts

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):679 - 686 vol.7
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (920 KB)

    Current NASA studies are examining opportunities for the deployment of robot colonies or outposts on planetary surfaces within the solar system in the first few decades of the 21st century. This paper presents the results of some ongoing work in the Planetary Robotics Laboratory at JPL in the area of behavior-based control for cooperative multi-robot systems for a planetary robot outpost. We have ... View full abstract»

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