Simulation Conference Proceedings, 1999 Winter

5-8 Dec. 1999

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  • WSC'99. 1999 Winter Simulation Conference Proceedings. 'Simulation - A Bridge to the Future' (Cat. No.99CH37038)

    Publication Year: 1999
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The nexus of simulation with command and control: what each community can offer the other

    Publication Year: 1999
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (141 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. Along with the expansion of core simulation technology over the past few years there has also been an expansion in both the number of people in nonsimulation-oriented communities that are "simulation-aware" and the ability of the this technology to support new fields of endeavor beyond the well-recognized ones of training and requirements analysis. During this ... View full abstract»

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  • What does industry need from simulation vendors in Y2k and after? a panel discussion

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1501 - 1508
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Index

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1709 - 1713
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  • The modelling of tactics and procedures using a component based system

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1131 - 1136 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (468 KB)

    The development of military tactics or procedures is a multi-stage, iterative process from their initial conception to their use by operational units. Once developed, tactics are modified in response to changes to the targets, sensors or weapons, or in response to operational constraints. Modelling is an important tool in this development process, being used quantify performance metrics, to extrap... View full abstract»

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  • Panel: strategic directions in simulation research

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1509 - 1520 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (9)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1096 KB)

    The future directions of simulation research are analysed. The formulation of such a vision could provide valuable guidance and assistance with respect to decisions involving the generation and allocation of future research funding. The article addresses problems involving: (1) the size and complexity of models; (2) verification, validation and accreditation; (3) the modeling methodological and mo... View full abstract»

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  • Parametric modeling in rail capacity planning

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1194 - 1200 vol.2
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (800 KB)

    Describes the development and application of a parametric model at Canadian National Railway (CN) for use in rail capacity planning. The Parametric Capacity Model is a practical tool that is used to help improve track asset utilization through the measurement and monitoring of system track capacity. Understanding capacity is essential for determining the amount of traffic that can be moved over a ... View full abstract»

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  • Modelling military requirements for non-warfighting operations

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1125 - 1130 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (452 KB)

    Describes work undertaken for national force development and planning staff, and NATO scientific staff, developing methods and models to assist military planners in identifying the military requirements for non-warfighting operations, typically peace support, humanitarian aid and disaster relief. Such models, when fully developed, give the military planner the ability to rapidly assess the force r... View full abstract»

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  • Estimating ambulance requirements in Auckland, New Zealand

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1670 - 1674 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (608 KB)

    The St. John Ambulance Service (Auckland Region) in New Zealand (St. Johns) supplies ambulance services to Crown Health Enterprises. Current and future contracts specify several minimum performance targets that St. Johns must achieve. As the city of Auckland grows, roads become congested, and population demographics change. These changes mean that St. Johns faces a very difficult problem: how many... View full abstract»

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  • A practical module-based simulation model for trans-shipment-inventory systems

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1324 - 1332 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (736 KB)

    A method of modeling trans-shipment-inventory systems is proposed in an attempt to describe systems where many kinds of items are ordered to be transported, stored and delivered to the customers. The system consists of a number of supply, trans-shipment and demand nodes. However, the problem considered in this study is totally different from the traditional trans-shipment problem in terms of linea... View full abstract»

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  • Simulation in the next millennium

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1478 - 1484 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (656 KB)

    The paper looks into the future of simulation. The capabilities and features of simulation software of the future are hypothesized, focusing on the major aspects of their use. The features addressed include model building, visualization, output analysis and optimization, integration and the Internet. The discussion of simulation software in the future is closely related to the vision of future app... View full abstract»

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  • Evaluating strategies to improve railroad performance-a system dynamics approach

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1186 - 1193 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (608 KB)

    Describes the context for and creation of a strategic planning model of a major US railway. The key factors in choosing a system dynamics approach are presented, and the synergy between the new model and the existing suite of planning applications is highlighted. The overall structure of the model is reviewed, including the key reinforcing and balancing loops, and model creation issues, such as le... View full abstract»

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  • The Exclusion Zone Model-a development methodology

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1118 - 1124 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (916 KB)

    This paper describes the application of prototyping and rapid development techniques to the support of real operations when meeting a specific military requirement. The Exclusion Zone Model (EZM) has been selected as a case study as it illustrates how the techniques can be applied, while highlighting the problems encountered by developers operating in a highly reactive environment View full abstract»

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  • Reconciliation of business and systems modelling via discrete event simulation

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1403 - 1409 vol.2
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (708 KB)

    Modeling techniques have been productively applied to business process (BP) redesign. They have been also successfully employed to assist information technology (IT) applications design and development. However, although BP and IT interact in practice, suggesting that modelling in those areas should also be done in parallel, surprisingly few works have addressed the issue of integrated BP/IT model... View full abstract»

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  • The application of system dynamics (SD) simulation to enterprise management

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1496 - 1500 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (416 KB)

    The paper presents the background and some of the lessons learned from a project in which system dynamics (SD) simulation was applied in the enterprise environment. The organization simulated is a large commercial concern, developing and marketing new products as well as existing products in a highly competitive environment. SD simulation was used to examine business practices, validate corporate ... View full abstract»

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  • The phantom SPA method: an inventory problem revisited

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1664 - 1669 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (428 KB)

    It is widely accepted today that the infinitesimal perturbation analysis (IPA) method for estimating sensitivities is the preferred method, when it is applicable. The major problem with IPA is handling certain kinds of discontinuities, such as thresholds. The smoothed perturbation analysis (SPA) method was conceived applying a conditional expectation to a dynamic system, similar to the filtered Mo... View full abstract»

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  • Sizing industrial rail car fleets using discrete-event simulation

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1258 - 1261 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (336 KB)

    DuPont has many products that use rail cars in various portions of their supply chains. Often these cars are used to deliver final products to a variety of customers at different geographical locations. In many cases it is difficult to optimally size these fleets, since the underlying system is complex, dynamic, and involves random variables. This paper describes how DuPont has used discrete-event... View full abstract»

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  • Scalable Integration Model for Objective Resource Capability Evaluations (SIM-FORCE)

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1316 - 1323 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (4)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (560 KB)

    The Scalable Integration Model for Objective Resource Capability Evaluations (SIM-FORCE) provides Air Force decision-makers with a tool to evaluate potential actions and analyze expected results. The model evaluates the impact of schedule changes or resource availability on mission completion. It is a desktop tool that will support a wide variety of critical day to day decisions facing unit level ... View full abstract»

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  • Scaling, hierarchical modeling, and reuse in an object-oriented modeling and simulation system

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1470 - 1477 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (848 KB)

    Three useful modeling techniques for specifying discrete event simulation models are discussed. Hierarchical model specification provides for model specification at different levels of abstraction. Scaling of model elements provides for the combination of similarly structured and parallel operating model elements into arrays of both fixed and dynamic sizes. Reuse of model elements allows for the r... View full abstract»

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  • Simphony: an environment for building special purpose construction simulation tools

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):998 - 1006 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (980 KB)

    Special-purpose simulation (SPS) is a proven principle that can lead to the effective transfer of simulation knowledge to the construction industry. Three separate industry experiments have led to the identification of a set of requirements that construction SPS tools should adhere to in order to be successful. This set of requirements was then used in the implementation of a computer system calle... View full abstract»

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  • Call center simulation in Bell Canada

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1640 - 1647 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (7)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (776 KB)

    Call centers have relied historically, on Erlang-C based estimation formulas to help determine number of agent positions and queue parameters. These estimators have worked fairly well in traditional call centers, however recent trends such as skill-based routing, electronic channels and interactive call handling demand more sophisticated techniques. Discrete event simulation provides the necessary... View full abstract»

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  • Evaluating the potential benefits of a rail traffic movement planning algorithm

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1181 - 1185 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (416 KB)

    Railroads have large investments in capital items such as track, trains and terminals. Optimizing the use of their resources has the potential of enormous payback. Precision Train ControlTM (PTC) is an effort to optimize the flow of trains on the railroad line in order to increase the return on capital. This paper describes a study whose purpose was to quantify the performance improveme... View full abstract»

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  • A flexible interface and architecture for container and intermodal freight simulations

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1238 - 1242 vol.2
    Cited by:  Patents (14)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (344 KB)

    SIMCAP (Simulation-based Capacity Analysis Platform) is a simulation-based software tool designed to support analysis of intermodal terminal operation, specifically with respect to track capacity and yard capacity. The application was designed with a modular, extensible software architecture with an emphasis on capturing the primary complexities that exist in an actual intermodal terminal. SIMCAP ... View full abstract»

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  • Using simulation to choose between rental car lot layouts

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1302 - 1305 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (316 KB)

    This paper presents a flexible, rental car lot simulation model. This data-driven model serves as a template that can be used to easily test configurations and options used in the real system. The advantages of this simulation model as an analysis tool and the knowledge Avis learned as a result of simulation analysis are presented View full abstract»

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  • Application of the Analysis Federate in the Joint Advanced Distributed Simulation Joint Test Force Electronic Warfare Phase II test

    Publication Year: 1999, Page(s):1109 - 1117 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (792 KB)

    The Analysis Federate (AF) is a general-purpose High Level Architecture (HLA) data collection, analysis and visualization tool. THe AF was designed to be composable across HLA federations that use different object model abstractions in their federation object models (FOM). This composability is provided by a conceptual framework that includes fourth-generation development tools that automate the p... View full abstract»

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