Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment. ISEE - 1998 (Cat. No.98CH36145)

6-6 May 1998

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  • Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment. ISEE - 1998 (Cat. No.98CH36145)

    Publication Year: 1998
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Author index

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s): 341
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Environmental quality in the supply line: a new approach

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):180 - 185
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (648 KB)

    This paper presents a view of how the supply line of an Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) may merge with moves to reduce the environmental load of a telecommunication product during its life cycle. Governments, legislation, customers and corporate goals are the main driving forces behind such a merger. Customers take action by issuing environmental statements. Such statements confirm that the ... View full abstract»

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  • LCA for electronic products. A case study for CD-ROM drives

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):176 - 179
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (336 KB)

    A life cycle analysis (LCA) case study evaluates the environmental load of CD-ROM drives. We performed a life cycle inventory using data for mechanical parts compiled from company records and data for electronic parts compiled from governmental and industrial records. We evaluated carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and found that their suppression depends heavily on the design parts and cir... View full abstract»

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  • Success in environmentally conscious design: how is it achieved and maintained?

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):171 - 175
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (536 KB)

    As environmentally conscious design (ECD) is growing in importance and an increasing number of companies are beginning to introduce it into their product development processes, it is interesting to establish how companies have made it work. As this concept is still new for many organizations it is difficult to predict exactly what constitutes successful ECD. As part of the DEEDS research project a... View full abstract»

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  • LEADS-II. A knowledge-based system for ranking DfE-Options

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):287 - 291
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (400 KB)

    The paper describes the design of an expert system developed as a pilot test-case for the LEADS-II research project. The main goal of the LEADS-II project is the development of an expert system which enables product developers to assess the potential of different Design for Environment-Options (DfE-Options). The concern of managers and designers practising environmental product development is whic... View full abstract»

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  • Developing European ecolabels for PCs

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):9 - 13
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (312 KB)

    In Europe today, there are five existing Type I ecolabels for personal computers plus one that is in development. One Type III ecolabel for PCs exists, and another one is in development. One energy label for PCs is established in Europe, and another one is about to be introduced. This paper reports on the Type I ecolabel in development, the European Union (EU) Eco-label. It outlines the aims of Ec... View full abstract»

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  • Indoor air quality and office equipment

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):75 - 78
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    A technology for evaluating the impact of office equipment operation on indoor air quality has been evaluated. Ozone, particle, and volatile organic emissions were measured from photocopiers, laser printers, and personal computers under standardized test conditions View full abstract»

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  • The Crusader design for the environment program at United Defense, LP

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):163 - 170
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (600 KB)

    This paper considers the issues with respect to implementing a design for the environment (DFE) program within Crusader at United Defense, LP. The Crusader program consists of designing and building a new, state-of-the-art, self propelled howitzer and resupply vehicle for the U.S. Army. The latest revision of Department of Defense (DOD) 5000.2 requires that life cycle environmental aspects be anal... View full abstract»

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  • Marginal emission and variation across models: life-cycle assessment of a television

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):48 - 53
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (500 KB)

    By evaluating two environmental aspects of televisions-lifecycle energy use and the impact of the lead in the cathode ray tube, we explore practical approaches to lifecycle assessment. Specifically, comparing the environmental impacts of different models is easier and more informative than trying to assess the environmental significance of the average impact in absolute terms. By examining the dif... View full abstract»

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  • Linking demanufacturing operations with product DFE initiatives

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):270 - 274
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (580 KB)

    Effective product stewardship strategies require computer manufacturers to employ effective design for environment (DFE) practices and efficient recycling operations to meet customer requirements and maximize asset recovery from end-of-life (EOL) equipment. This is especially true as public and government sectors continue to discuss and define extended product and producer responsibilities. Howeve... View full abstract»

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  • Uncertainty model for product environmental performance scoring

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):207 - 212
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (680 KB)

    As product designers begin to make design decisions motivated by environmental performance, it is critical for environmental experts to present designers with useful information about the quality of both performance measures and the data on which the measures are based. In this paper, we discuss sources of uncertainty in environmental performance measurement using Motorola's Green Design Advisor e... View full abstract»

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  • End-of-life management of telecommunications equipment: case study, business case, and policy implications

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):133 - 137
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (528 KB)

    As a result of organizational changes and rapid expansion of the telecommunications sector, AT&T faces challenges regarding the environmentally efficient end-of-life management of vintage/surplus telecommunications equipment in its Central Offices. This paper will describe AT&T's Case Study and Business Case regarding the end-of-life management of such telecommunications equipment. This pr... View full abstract»

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  • End-of-life no more. The application of nanotechnology to industrial ecology

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):60 - 64
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (488 KB)

    Industrial Ecology (IE) is an interdisciplinary field of study that uses system approaches to focus upon the relationship of industrialism to organisms and their environment. IE promotes changes from a wasteful economy, to a closed looped system of production and consumption. Through this mechanism, industrial, governmental and consumer waste is reused, recycled, and remanufactured to the limits o... View full abstract»

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  • Designing for technological obsolescence and discontinuous change: an evaluation of three successional electronic products

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):280 - 286
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1264 KB)

    Product displacement has been occurring for many years and will continue to challenge the market as technological advances result in product obsolescence. While opportunities do exist to incorporate environmentally conscious design and engineering criteria into the product development process, much of the ultimate environmental success is dependent upon closing the product life cycle, through reus... View full abstract»

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  • Market demands for eco-labels (Dell's business case)

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):4 - 8
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (404 KB)

    Over the last 2 years Dell has become involved in the eco-labeling arena. Dell has received Blue Angel certification on 5 product families and most recently became the first computer company to receive the TCO 95 label on a PC. The Environmental and Ecology Department at Dell has pursued the label because the effort was based on a strong business case. The nature of Dell's business model and custo... View full abstract»

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  • Assessing environmentally-beneficial corporate actions

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):71 - 74
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (372 KB)

    In an increasing number of instances, corporations are undertaking actions that improve the environment rather then degrading it. Examples of such actions are presented, and general approaches to determining environmentally beneficial actions (EBAs) are described. The benefits to the corporation performing EBA include financial incentives, regulatory relief, avoidance of future liabilities, and im... View full abstract»

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  • AMP Incorporated packaging engineering, designing for fit, form, function and the environment

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):159 - 162
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (316 KB)

    The environmental impact of product packaging from both the supplier's and customers perspective can be significant, in the amount of material used, the amount to be disposed and overall cost. This paper describes how one company integrated DfE into its packaging design criteria View full abstract»

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  • Integrated recycling of non-ferrous metals at Boliden Ltd. Ronnskar smelter

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):42 - 47
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (260 KB)

    The Ronnskar smelter has a wide experience in the field of recycling of non-ferrous metals. Today smelting and refining from primary and secondary raw materials are integrated in a complex flow sheet. Boliden operates a lead flash smelter, a lead refinery, a copper smelter and refinery, a sulphuric acid and sulphur dioxide plant, a slag fuming plant and precious metal plant at its Ronnskar smelter... View full abstract»

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  • Design of an integrated component recovery system

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):264 - 269
    Cited by:  Papers (6)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (584 KB)

    This paper presents a two-stage disassembly and retrieval system that provides a unique solution for planning selective component recovery from products. The solution approach uses a process sequencing technique to schedule the operations in both stages to optimize the operational makespan View full abstract»

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  • A new approach for recycling optical disks

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):147 - 150
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (336 KB)

    Responding to the increase of optical disk waste, we developed a new technology for recycling disks especially for CD-R (CD write-once). This technology enables not only material recycling of the gold reflection layer and dye in the recording layer, but also reuse of polycarbonate disk substrates to produce new disks View full abstract»

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  • A simple tool to facilitate design for the environment at Apple computer

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):202 - 206
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (524 KB)

    At Apple Computer, environmental goals are driven by the value added to the firm in the form of market access, risk or cost reduction and brand enhancement. For product design, these goals are embodied in a complex array of ever-changing regulations, ecolabel specifications, reference standards and corporate objectives. Recent experience has shown that aside from participation in core product deve... View full abstract»

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  • Towards computer aided design for the life cycle

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):310 - 315
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (676 KB)

    A growing concern about the environment has motivated research into environmentally conscious design and manufacturing approaches, placing new burdens on designers. In order to aid designers in their new tasks, one of our objectives is to minimize the gathering of information and maximize the utility of existing design information. In the research discussed in this paper, the specific focus is to ... View full abstract»

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  • Battery recycling technology and collection processes

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):30 - 35
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (732 KB)

    This paper summarizes the environmental, legislative, technical, and economic factors affecting the use and disposal of batteries, an overview of various battery technologies, their applications and annual production volumes establishes the scope of their impact an the environment. Legislative reaction and technological solutions to the potentially harmful environmental and human health effects re... View full abstract»

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  • Life cycle engineering as decision making support in the electronics industry

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):231 - 236
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (992 KB)

    Products and services cause different environmental problems during the different stages of their life cycle. The Life Cycle Assessment tool aims to identify possibilities to improve the environmental behavior of the systems under consideration. Therefore it is necessary to systematically collect and interpret material and energy flows for all relevant processes. The whole life cycle of a system h... View full abstract»

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