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Engineering Management Conference, 1994. 'Management in Transition: Engineering a Changing World', Proceedings of the 1994 IEEE International

17-19 Oct. 1994

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 64
  • Proceedings of 1994 IEEE International Engineering Management Conference - IEMC '94

    Publication Year: 1994
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (137 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • An approach to balancing the risks of R&D performance goals

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):164 - 167
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (264 KB)

    In setting the performance goals for a product development project, the project manager is faced with two risks: the risk of early obsolescence of the product, and the risk of project failure. If the performance goals are set too low, a competitor may bring an improved product on the market shortly after completion of the project, thus drastically curtailing the product's market life. If the perfo... View full abstract»

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  • Leading change in new product development: a case study of a generic process

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):86 - 92
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (580 KB)

    Research and development organizations, more so than most organizations, resist change. The task of leading change in product development is especially difficult. The traditional view of leadership revolves around charismatic leadership. Yet, two other facets of leadership are probably better-suited to initiate change in R&D organizations: instrumental leadership (use of “instruments&rdq... View full abstract»

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  • Strategic R&D program selection and resource allocation with a decision support system application

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):225 - 232
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (676 KB)

    Continuous evaluation of engineering project ideas for portfolio selection and resource allocation is one of the most challenging decisions that managers make on an ongoing basis. Decisions regarding project portfolios must be continuously monitored and updated due to the emergence of new opportunities and availability of more profitable projects, changes in the technical and/or commercial success... View full abstract»

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  • Quality function deployment: implementation considerations for the engineering manager

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):2 - 6
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (384 KB)

    Quality function deployment (QFD) is a structured process/toolset for defining the `customer requirements' in the design and improvement of products, processes and services. Users of QFD report improved quality in products and in management of processes. While there is an abundance of literature on the mechanics and application of QFD to design of specific products, there is a shortcoming in the a... View full abstract»

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  • A holistic approach to product marketability measurements-the PMM approach

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):323 - 329
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (508 KB)

    This paper approaches product marketability from a holistic point of view. The paper presents a systematic and quantitative procedure for the estimation of marketability of high technology products. Guidelines to set up a holistic suite of metrics called product marketability metrics (PMM) are presented. Guidelines are also given to estimate the PMM suite of metrics in different stages of the evol... View full abstract»

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  • SPC with enable

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):170 - 176
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (452 KB)

    This paper describes a set of spreadsheets which perform the calculations necessary to plot control charts used in statistical process control (SPC). The Enable office automation package was used to develop the spreadsheets. The SPC package is menu driven and includes on-line help. A full on-line manual provides program documentation. The control charts are Individual and Moving Average/Moving Ran... View full abstract»

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  • Preliminary forecast methodology for the defense technology and industrial base

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):93 - 100
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (664 KB)

    This paper reports on the preliminary development of an improved defense technology and industrial base (DTIB) forecasting methodology. The approach examined several noted assessment and quality programs, began with previous industrial base assessment methods, and incorporated current quality perspectives. The methodology augments previous methods by improving the metrics of technology, integrated... View full abstract»

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  • Moving work teams to the next level

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):43 - 47
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (380 KB)

    In order to become and remain competitive, organizations across America are moving away from traditional hierarchical management toward a network of small work teams. Recent surveys suggest that as many as 80% of American businesses now have one or more work teams in place. Such teams, dedicated to the continuous improvement of their piece of the business, have the potential of becoming the primar... View full abstract»

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  • Concurrent design of products for manufacturing system performance

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):233 - 240
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (596 KB)

    Manufacturing cost forms a very major portion of the life cycle cost of a product. Also, performance of the manufacturing system directly affects the manufacturing cost of the product produced in the system. The design of products in the system also affects the performance of the manufacturing system. However, a survey of research shows that the research community has ignored consideration of manu... View full abstract»

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  • The role of computer critics in eliminating human errors in decision analysis

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):192 - 198
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (568 KB)

    Managers use decision analysis to structure their decision making process. Decision making is the heart of information processing. People are not optimal decision makers, they are prone to make errors. These errors can lead to serious consequences. Managers can use computer critics to avoid these errors. Critics are intelligent software packages that monitor decision analysis process and counsel d... View full abstract»

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  • A quality system for project management

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):7 - 12
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (368 KB)

    Companies are justifiably concerned about the quality of their products and the facilities that produce them. In a world where mass production consists of sequences of short runs, management influences the quality of the end product. The importance of project management in quality is shown by the fact that ISO 9000 requires firms seeking ISO certification to have many key project management practi... View full abstract»

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  • The role of the technical supervisor in creating and maintaining the optimal environment for university-based research

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):380 - 387
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (704 KB)

    The university-based scientific research laboratory is a complex, dynamic entity which is comprised of a team of enthusiastic and interesting individuals who increasingly differ considerably in their backgrounds and psychological/sociological dispositions. The purpose of this presentation is to explore the role that the technical supervisor performs in facilitating the formation and maintenance of... View full abstract»

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  • European community (EC/EU) support programs for international R&D projects and distribution agreements

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):111 - 118
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (528 KB)

    A near term goal of the EC/EU is the creation of a free-trade and borderless Europe. Europe however is not a homogeneous group of people, but a mixture of different cultures, languages, morals and business attitudes. Trading goods seems, and in actuality is, more simple to achieve than being successful in a complicated R&D program involving several EC/EU member countries. The EC parliament wan... View full abstract»

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  • Strategic business management in a competitive environment

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):330 - 337
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (968 KB)

    Technological improvements in consumer products have been happening at an unprecedented pace, especially in the latter part of this century. This exponential technological progress is bound to continue for many more decades to come through the year 2000 and beyond. Many American industry giants and conglomerates have resorted to manufacturing in the far Eastern and Pacific rim countries, whereas m... View full abstract»

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  • Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs) and technology transfer

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):149 - 157
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (536 KB)

    This paper is the first in a planned series of research topics relating to Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs) and their role in Federal research and development (R&D) technology transfer. In this initial paper, the authors (1) briefly outline the historical development of FFRDCs; (2) discuss the statutory and regulatory definition of FFRDCs; (3) examine FFRDC funding le... View full abstract»

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  • Quality management in an engineering firm environment

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):34 - 39
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (524 KB)

    Engineering firms find themselves in the middle of the quality movement. Clients want quality services and products. More than that, clients of engineering firms want evidence that engineering firms are improving internal quality while reducing fees to the clients. There is a shift from thinking high quality engineering services means high costs, to a demand for higher quality at lower prices. The... View full abstract»

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  • A facilitated, graphics and Monte Carlo based predictive project process

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):177 - 184
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (632 KB)

    In order to successfully manage a typical high tech project, the project team must treat the project process as a design object. The development of an effective predictive process is a key element of any such project process. An effective predictive process is simply a structured method for creating a reasonable degree of predictability about time to market, cost and resource requirements for alte... View full abstract»

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  • Technology transfer through cultural barriers in three continents

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):101 - 103
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (212 KB)

    An electronics engineer is about to visit a country in another continent where he hopes to sell communications technology. Before departure, he seeks advice about that culture from a colleague from a neighboring country who has done business there. When he arrives, he finds that none of the advice makes sense. Why? A group of Western executives visits an East-European country to arrange a joint ma... View full abstract»

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  • Quality build-in computer aided process control for the electronic industry

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):261 - 266
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (392 KB)

    Quality build-in computer aided process control is very important for the electronics industry to maintain a competitive advantage. Its purpose is to maintain and achieve the target of six sigma quality level. The paper presents the total quality improvement in a closed loop model that reflects the management and operational personnel required to ensure continuous improvement to the perfection of ... View full abstract»

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  • Creating innovative behavior among R&D professionals: the moderating effect of leadership on the relationship between problem-solving style and innovation

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):48 - 55
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (636 KB)

    Hierarchical regression analysis was used to test whether problem-solving style interacted with leadership variables (leader-subordinate relationship and manager role expectations) in determining innovative behavior in a sample of R&D professionals. The results indicated that manager role expectations moderated the relationship between problem-solving style and innovative behavior View full abstract»

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  • Saaty's AHP with inner dependent hierarchy and the choice of key industries

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):274 - 279
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (376 KB)

    In China, the choice of key industries (KI) is one of the most important issues for administrative authorities and is also an important topic in economics. In China, this task is carried out in two ways: one is on the basis of decision-maker's own experiences; the other is based on criteria raised by economics. Both methods are far from satisfactory. The author has used the simple analytical hiera... View full abstract»

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  • QFD at Loral Aeronutronic

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):64 - 71
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (608 KB)

    Engineering organizations that want to improve their processes, develop new procedures, or reengineer systems must look to their internal and external customers. They need to be intimately familiar with the needs and wants of those who receive their products and services. Too often organizations and their management assume they already know, or worse yet, never think to ask the question before mov... View full abstract»

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  • Costs dynamics and optimal systems size in new computer environments

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):292 - 299
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (624 KB)

    This work presents estimation algorithms of the four main effects of new computer environments, namely: the scale effect; the learning and experience effect; the scope effect; and the complexity effect. The methodological approach is, for the first time, an integrated approach in the sense that all these effects are interrelated to highlight the costs dynamics and the optimal size of these new sys... View full abstract»

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  • An estimation procedure to detect and remove unintentional judgemental bias (UJB) in the analytic hierarchy process methodology

    Publication Year: 1994, Page(s):241 - 248
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (612 KB)

    This paper provides an estimation procedure to detect and to remove unintentional judgmental bias (UJB) in the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) methodology for multicriteria decision making (MCDM). UJB reflects a “cyclical hierarchy” because of the existence of a structural dependence of alternatives on criteria. This violates the principle of hierarchic composition embodied in the A... View full abstract»

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