[1989] Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Volume III: Decision Support and Knowledge Based Systems Track

3-6 Jan. 1989

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  • Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Vol.III: Decision Support and Knowledge Based Systems Track (Cat. No.89TH0244-4)

    Publication Year: 1989
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Effect of environmental and process variables on DSS implementation success: evidence from an experimental investigation for the moving stage of change (Lewin-Schein model)

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):812 - 821 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (792 KB)

    The authors explored experimentally the effect of three environmental variables and one process variable on the acceptance of or resistance to moving from the existing semiautomated batch system to the proposed interactive financial decision-support system (DSS), Budget Aid. The three environmental variables are time allowed, project champion support, and change reversibility. The process variable... View full abstract»

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  • Knowledge-based real-time machines interaction

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):192 - 199 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The authors describe the need for robotic machine interaction and discuss their recent and ongoing research projects in two main areas: multirobot systems, and interactive robotic devices (IRD) for handicapped persons. In both areas they have found the knowledge-based interaction increases significantly the flexibility, reliability, and responsiveness of the system. A number of decision-support mo... View full abstract»

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  • Executive workstations-information delivery for executives

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):161 - 165 vol.3
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    The development of EWS (executive workstation) places certain requirements on the hardware and operating system of the computing engine and on the user software component of the system. The tools to accomplish these ends are examined. The authors' discussion covers: hardware/operating system requirements; windows, icons, menus and printing interface; multitasking/window environments; functional re... View full abstract»

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  • An object-oriented design for distributed knowledge-based systems

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):55 - 63 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (664 KB)

    Many management information systems have requirements that are inherently distributed, either logically or physically. An architecture for distributed knowledge-based systems (DKBS) is presented which satisfies these requirements. A distributed knowledge-base management system (DKBMS) is described which manages the metaknowledge necessary to coordinate multiple local KBSs. The authors propose an o... View full abstract»

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  • Building consensus for funds allocation decisions through implementation of a decision support system

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):803 - 811 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (576 KB)

    A discussion is presented of a DDS (decision support system) implemented in the highly political environment of a recently acquired division of a Fortune 50 corporation. The system was developed after an assessment of the fund's allocation decision process and was developed for the decision makers rather than with them or by them. The implementation of this DSS relied on at least two distinct bene... View full abstract»

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  • Controlling the behavior of knowledge sources within SONIA

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):221 - 228 vol.3
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    SONIA is a job-shop scheduling system designed to detect and react to inconsistencies between a scheduling plan and the actual events on a shop floor. It is provided with a BB1-like blackboard architecture for coordinating the activation of various scheduling and analyzing knowledge sources. Most of the knowledge sources used by SONIA are flexible, allowing improvement of the efficiency of SONIA's... View full abstract»

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  • The potential for parallel processing and neural computing in management decision support

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):181 - 189 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (784 KB)

    Some of the current parallel-processing architectures are discussed, and management-science-type problems amenable to solution using coarse-grained multiple-instruction, multiple-data parallel computers are identified. Applications of neural computing in management science are also discussed. It is shown that the real promise of parallelism is not just in doing the same things faster, but in routi... View full abstract»

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  • Architectural requirements for integrating group decision support systems into the daily managerial experience

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):321 - 325 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (432 KB)

    The authors develop system requirements for ongoing temporally and geographically distributed decision-making. They concentrate on the setting called the local area decision network (LADN), which is characterized as having geographically distributed decision group members working at their own convenience, using familiar support aids, and proceeding at their own pace. Specifically, the technical, d... View full abstract»

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  • Integrated design as a cooperative problem solving activity

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):387 - 396 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (900 KB)

    The authors present integrated design as an improved design method involving cooperative problem-solving. Integrated design takes advantage of commonly occurring task decompositions in design problems and encourages group problem-solving rather than sequential problem-solving. The cooperative problem-solving approach is characterized by dynamic cooperation between knowledge sources with overlappin... View full abstract»

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  • Managing information resources at the department level: an agency perspective

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):151 - 159 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (728 KB)

    The authors contrast the role of department-level information resource management with information resource management at the individual, institutional and market levels. They argue that changes in the economics of computing, which have decreased the economies of scale and specialization previously found in mainframe computing facilities at the institution level, make it feasible to locate informa... View full abstract»

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  • Knowledge structures and categorization research in information systems

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):46 - 52 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (692 KB)

    The author presents a review of memory studies relating to the management and IS (information system) domains. He describes the state of development of knowledge structures and categorization research in cognitive psychology. This is followed by a discussion of how these findings could usefully be applied to research into various aspects of information systems design and use. These include informa... View full abstract»

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  • An economic framework for computing

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):114 - 122 vol.3
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    The authors take a decision theoretic-approach to algorithm construction, and they view an algorithm as a formalization of a decision process. They summarize several sufficient conditions for using dynamic programming to construct optimal algorithms or decision processes. The authors interpret these conditions and their relationships to parallel and distributed processing View full abstract»

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  • A heuristic framework for assessing factors influencing knowledge acquisition

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):419 - 426 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (672 KB)

    The authors describe a heuristic framework for understanding and investigating factors influencing cognitive malleability and, consequently, knowledge acquisition efforts. To examine their framework, they investigated the effects of modifying task materials and goal availability on engineering problem-solving performance and the nature of the knowledge acquired. For one set of four engineers, the ... View full abstract»

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  • Toward a symbiotic expert system for econometric modeling

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):3 - 13
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (748 KB)

    An examination is made of the feasibility of developing an artificially intelligent econometrician as a symbiotic decision support system (SDSS). The authors review the system components of an SDSS and relate them to a DSS for econometric modeling that they have implemented. They present the query language of the PERM (program for econometric modeling) system and offer an extension to the language... View full abstract»

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  • Enhancing the group decision making process: an intelligent systems architecture

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):273 - 279 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (628 KB)

    The authors present a preliminary specification for intelligent systems which can improve communication, actively guide the nature of the information-exchange process, and reduce the uncertainty that is typical in group-decision problems. They show that the overall design objective must be to provide a support mechanism sensitive to the context of group decision-making. In meeting this objective, ... View full abstract»

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  • Expert systems and their impact on the firm: the effects of PlanPower use on the information-processing capacity of the Financial Collaborative

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):791 - 802 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (908 KB)

    A discussion is presented of the Financial Collaborative (TFC), which is a small, expertise-intensive and relationship-orientated financial planning firm whose aim is to serve individuals with incomes of six figures or more who also have a net worth of over $1,000,000. In late 1985, TFC's immediate needs centered on increasing its ability to write financial plans and to service clients better. TFC... View full abstract»

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  • A theoretical framework for measuring the impact of information technology in the human resource function: untapped potential or unfulfilled promises?

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):832 - 841 vol.3
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    The corporate human resource function is an area that has undergone a great increase in computer support. Unfortunately, human resource information systems (HRIS) bring with them problems endemic to system design as well as issues to resolve. The author extends a theoretical rationale from which to examine these problems and a framework from which to examine the impact of HRIS on the human resourc... View full abstract»

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  • Using repertory grid-centered knowledge acquisition tools for decision support

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):211 - 220 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (668 KB)

    A discussion is presented of the use of repertory grid-centered tools such as the Expertise Transfer System (ETS), Aquinas, Kitten, and KSS0. Classes of use are presented along with specific applications. Applications are discussed within the context of ETS and Aquinas use at Boeing View full abstract»

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  • Using students as subjects in experiments on decision support systems

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):176 - 180 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (340 KB)

    An examination is made of the decision-making of managers and undergraduate business students for the production scheduling problem, using decision support systems (DSS). The experiment described found significant differences between undergraduate students and managers in costs, the effectiveness of their decision heuristics, and in level of erratic decision-making. These differences occurred in b... View full abstract»

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  • Observations on GDSS interaction: chauffeured, facilitated, and user-driven systems

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):337 - 343 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (564 KB)

    A description is given of the outcome of the use of group decision support systems (GDSS) under three modes of user interaction. One set of groups worked on a judgmental task using a chauffeured GDSS. Another set of groups worked on the same task under the direction of a facilitator. A third set performed the task in a setting in which each group member interacted freely with the GDSS (user-driven... View full abstract»

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  • A consultant to assist students in solving statistics problems

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):439 - 448 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (700 KB)

    The statistical consultant described in this paper incorporates a knowledge base in an educational tool for novices in statistical decision-making to use in choosing a statistical technique. The heart of the system is the rule base for differentiating between statistics. The rules are based on five questions which the data can answer, as well as the type of data, the number of variables, and any d... View full abstract»

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  • Integrating information across sections and between groups in group decision support systems

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):291 - 299 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (672 KB)

    The authors elaborate on the opportunities for integration of relevant information across sessions and between groups by the effective application of GDSS (group decision support systems). The construction of a GDSS database is presented. Aspects of the system described include real-time analysis of group activity and the use of a data browsing system to ease the viewing of external information an... View full abstract»

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  • Social analysis in MIS: the Irvine School, 1970-90

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):846 - 851 vol.3
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (616 KB)

    The Irvine School of research and instruction in information systems focuses on the social and organizational implications of information technology. Over an 18-yr period, the school has developed and used empirical research methods to study automation in a wide array of organizational sectors. In the process, the school has produced a number of seminal findings on the nature of innovation, the po... View full abstract»

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  • Computer support of groups: a search for theoretical models

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):310 - 320 vol.3
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
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    Empirical research in the area of computer support of groups is characterized by inconsistent results across studies and a lack of theoretical foundation. The authors argue for theory-based research as a means to progress in the area. They reconstruct the common assumptions implicit in previous studies and establish the links between the assumptions and existing theories relevant to the groups. Th... View full abstract»

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