Second International Conference on Web Delivering of Music, 2002. WEDELMUSIC 2002. Proceedings.

11-11 Dec. 2002

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  • Proceedings Second International Conference on WEB Delivering of Music. WEDELMUSIC 2002

    Publication Year: 2002
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  • Audio coding and electronic distribution of music

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):3 - 5
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (299 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Audio coding originally has been developed as a means for making digital radio possible and for distributing audio via phone lines. The most apparent application today is electronic distribution of music via the Internet. While legal services and copy protection methods have been around for seven years, the public attention and the bulk of actual use is still on unauthorized copying of music files... View full abstract»

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  • Public sound objects: a shared musical space on the web

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):9 - 16
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (4)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (329 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper we describe "The Public Sound Objects" project and its context. This project, which is currently under development, approaches Internet collaborative music performance, going beyond most common paradigms where the network is mainly used as a channel to provide a connection between performative spaces. The system will provide an on-line public performance space where people can be fou... View full abstract»

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  • Peer-to-peer music-sharing with profit but without copy protection

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):17 - 22
    Cited by:  Papers (6)  |  Patents (4)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (281 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Digital music publishers try to restrict the usage of their products by their customers in order to prevent unlicensed distribution. On the other hand, consumers ignore these restrictions and share digital music for free (Gnutella). Music producers and music consumers treat one another as enemies with conflicting interests. In our approach we bring consumers and producers of music back together to... View full abstract»

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  • Multimedia music distribution and sharing among mediateques, archives and their attendees

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):23 - 29
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1419 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Archives of mediateques, theatres, music schools, conservatories, universities, etc., are the most important sources of cultural heritage. Such institutions are interested in digitizing content to (i) improve the service towards their attendees, thus increasing the number of collections provided, (ii) add new functionalities to the service already provided, (iii) save fragile materials otherwise s... View full abstract»

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  • Concepts of the MUSITECH infrastructure for Internet-based interactive musical applications

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):30 - 37
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (478 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper gives a survey of the infrastructure currently being developed in the MUSITECH project. The aim of this project is to conceptualize and implement a computational environment for navigation and interaction in Internet-based musical applications. This comprises the development of data models, exchange formats, interface modules and a software framework. Our approach is to integrate differ... View full abstract»

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  • Protecting digital music delivery and consumption using the OCCAMM project framework

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):38 - 45
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (569 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Several standardisation initiatives recognised that content has value to both the user and the owner, and to ensure that this value is preserved it must be protected. One of those initiatives is called OPIMA, an initiative in the Industry Technical Agreement (ITA) program of the International Electro-technical Commission (IEC). OPIMA specification was implemented and validated in OCCAMM, an EC IST... View full abstract»

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  • Evaluating text-based similarity measures for musical content

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):49 - 55
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (301 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Different music information retrieval (MIR) techniques have been developed over time. This, in part is due to the fact that the variety of formats used to represent musical content creates the necessity of using specialized format-dependent algorithms. Nonetheless, techniques that are used in text information retrieval can be used as a starting point for the development of general systems that dea... View full abstract»

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  • A unified approach to content-based and fault tolerant music identification

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):56 - 65
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (558 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper we propose a unified approach to content-based search in different kinds of music data. Our approach is based on a general algorithmic framework for searching patterns of complex objects in large databases. In particular we describe how this approach may be used to allow for polyphonic search in polyphonic scores as well as for the identification of PCM audio material. We give an ove... View full abstract»

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  • The design method of a melody retrieval system on parallelized computers

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):66 - 73
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (942 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper describes the design method of a WWW-based melody-retrieval system which takes a sung melody as a search clue and retrieves the music title from a music database of standard MIDI files (SMF) over the Internet. The most important issue in building a melody-retrieval system on the Internet is to achieve both high matching accuracy and quick search. It is, however, quite difficult to simul... View full abstract»

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  • Using natural language input and audio analysis for a human-oriented MIR system

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):74 - 81
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (721 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We present a MIR (music information retrieval) system using natural language as input for human-oriented queries to large-scale music collections. The outlined system is a full-fledged architecture combining state-of-the-art approaches from the fields of natural language and the automatic analysis of audio data. Our approach copes with meta tag construction, content-based classification of audio a... View full abstract»

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  • Musical style identification using self-organising maps

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):82 - 89
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (921 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper the capability of using self-organising neural maps (SOM) as music style classifiers from symbolic specifications of musical fragments is studied. From MIDI file sources, the monophonic melody track is extracted and cut into fragments of equal length. From these sequences, melodic, harmonic, and rhythmic numerical descriptors are computed and presented to the SOM. Their performance i... View full abstract»

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  • Personal Orchestra: conducting audio/video music recordings

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):93 - 100
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (836 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Personal Orchestra lets anybody conduct an electronic orchestra at a new level of realism: users interact not with a synthetic, but an original audio and video recording of a real orchestra - the Vienna Philharmonic. Nevertheless, they can interactively control not only volume and instrumentation, but also tempo of the orchestra, using natural conducting gestures. A gesture tracking and predicting... View full abstract»

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  • Music learning through visualization

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):101 - 108
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (425 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We have developed a prototype music visualization system that shows the whole piece in a computer window, however long the piece and no matter how many parts it includes, as well as the selected part. The selected part is presented using either performed data or staff notation. Users can better understand performance expression by visualizing the performance with expressive cues of qualitative mus... View full abstract»

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  • Representation and rendering of rhythm structures

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):109 - 113
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (257 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We propose a format and a set of tools for the rendering of computer musical notation. The proposed format is not to be considered as a universal standard. Nevertheless, it appears to be an efficient approach to musical notation. The proposed format might be thought of as a contribution to future or existing implementations of musical editors. We try to provide general guidelines and schemes that ... View full abstract»

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  • Digital rights management systems and European law: between copyright protection and access control

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):117 - 124
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (254 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Copyright in the digital age is both threatened and renewed by technical developments. Cultural heritage is becoming widely accessible; authors and editors can broadly distribute music, films, books and multimedia in new formats. However, the technique does not only encourage piracy, it also provides electronic intellectual property rights management tools. This paper proposes to lead a general le... View full abstract»

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  • Standardisation of the management of intellectual property rights in multimedia content

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):125 - 132
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (15)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (315 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Intellectual property rights (IPR) management is a key issue for the deployment of real e-commerce and multimedia content distribution on the Web. The music market is well aware of this problem, and very different approaches are being considered to cope with it. One valid approach is to develop standards allowing interoperability of solutions, and MPEG is one international standardisation initiati... View full abstract»

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  • The music plagiarism digital archive at Columbia Law Library; an effort to demystify music copyright infringement

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):133 - 139
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (398 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Columbia Law Library has developed the music copyright infringement online archive. This is a multimedia project which uses digital technologies to make available, without charge via the World-Wide Web, hundreds of documents associated with virtually all music plagiarism cases in the USA for which there is a published opinion. View full abstract»

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  • General blind watermark schemes

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):143 - 149
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (297 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Digital watermarking is an active research area that has received a considerable attention in multimedia applications. For most watermark applications, it is often desired to retrieve the embedded information without access to the host data, which is known as blind watermark. Most previous blind watermark schemes either suffer significantly from host data interference or require expense of storage... View full abstract»

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  • Audio digital watermarking based on hybrid spread spectrum

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):150 - 155
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (316 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Watermarking is a technique used to label digital media, to protect copyright ownership, by hiding information into the signal. Watermarks must be imperceptible and robust against attacks. Besides, watermark robustness against several signal processing techniques can be ensured by exploiting a technique related to spread spectrum communications. In this paper, we propose a procedure based on frequ... View full abstract»

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  • Real-time concepts for block-based watermarking schemes

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):156 - 160
    Cited by:  Patents (3)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (746 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper we propose a concept to transfer a non real-time watermarking system into a watermarking system, which meets the requirements of a media-on-demand system. Several application scenarios requiring the embedding of watermarks with maximum speed are presented. The basic concept with assumptions concerning the underlying watermarking algorithms are discussed. The paper presents the necess... View full abstract»

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  • Subjective and objective quality evaluation of watermarked audio tracks

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):161 - 167
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (283 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper presents methods for the quality evaluation of watermarked audio data. Subjective and objective methods used in testing transparency as well as approaches rating the quality of the watermarked copies with regard to the original ones are presented. The various methods are discussed and detailed with regard to their applicability. According to the discussions two different kinds of tests ... View full abstract»

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  • Staff line features as information carrier

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):168 - 175
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (752 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    For watermarking music scores different information carriers have been proposed. Dependent on the used information carrier the proposed methods have different strengths. The methods proposed so far have advantages either in robustness or in capacity. Thus, the potential user of watermarking techniques has to decide which watermarking scheme fits his needs best. Although changing the features of th... View full abstract»

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  • Automatic extraction of drum tracks from polyphonic music signals

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):179 - 183
    Cited by:  Papers (16)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (355 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We propose an approach for extracting automatically time indexes of occurrences of percussive sounds in an audio signal taken from the popular music repertoire. The scheme is able to detect percussive sounds unknown a priori in a selective fashion. It is based on an analysis by synthesis technique, whereby the sound searched for is gradually synthesized from the signal itself. The possibility to e... View full abstract»

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  • Lossless audio coding with MPEG-4 structured audio

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):184 - 191
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (366 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    MPEG-4 structured audio (SA) has been proposed as a flexible standard for generalized audio coding. Originating out of Netsound software developed at MIT SA is based on MIDI-synthesis of sound, but it is enriched with DSP algorithms so as to allow emulation of other types of coders designed for speech and audio signals. We have investigated the use of structured audio for lossless coding of audio ... View full abstract»

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