Conference Record for 1988 IEEE Fourth Conference on Human Factors and Power Plants,

5-9 June 1988

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  • Conference Record for 1988 IEEE Fourth Conference on Human Factors and Power Plants (IEEE Cat. No.88CH2576-7)

    Publication Year: 1988
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The industry's approach to human factors (nuclear power)

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):6 - 8
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    The author describes what the nuclear power industry is doing to achieve a higher level of performance overall in the operations of its nuclear plants and how human factors are being considered in this process. Particular emphasis is placed on the efforts of the following organizations: the Nuclear Management and Resources Council, the Electric Power Research Institute, and the Institute of Nuclea... View full abstract»

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  • Management and human performance-key factors in improving the safety and reliability of existing nuclear power reactors

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):11 - 12
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    The author provides a regulator's view of nuclear power in the US. He examines what utilities and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) can do to improve human safety performance. He concludes that the future of the nuclear industry clearly hinges upon improving the safety of existing plants. Licensees must improve human performance by promoting a safety-oriented attitude and environment, and by... View full abstract»

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  • Control and diagnostics for nuclear power plant performance and safety enhancement

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):13 - 21
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    The author describes the technological advances in the area of diagnostics, control, and automation for the enhancement of performance and safety of nuclear plants. This survey is carried out in the framework of a human cognitive model of control and diagnostics. Particular attention is given to signal validation for a safety parameter display system; a fault-tolerant digital feedwater control sys... View full abstract»

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  • High electric load growth: the opportunity for nuclear power

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):22 - 27
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    The authors describe the economic developments that are providing nuclear power with a potential new market, and offer general suggestions regarding what managers and custodians of nuclear technology must do to take advantage of this developing opportunity. This potential market is connected with the possibility of increasing electric load growth in the United States well into the 1990s. Ways to i... View full abstract»

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  • Utility regulation in the future: a focus on price

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):28 - 30
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    The author examines certain trends and makes some predictions about steps utilities can take so that they are not at the mercy of regulators-steps that will promote financial well-being regardless of regulatory policy changes. It is further concluded that it is impossible to predict the future regulatory environment, but assuming certain trends will continue, electric utilities can position themse... View full abstract»

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  • Advanced light water reactor man-machine interface systems-the next generation

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):31 - 34
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    The author describes the efforts of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to provide a new way for designers to view the next generation of LWR (light-water reactor) plants. Specifically, he describes the ALWR (advanced LWR) requirements program with particular emphasis on man-machine interface systems (M-MIS) requirements. Requirements are written for the 100 MWe ALWR evolutionary plant. C... View full abstract»

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  • Will the LOCA mind-set be overcome? (nuclear power station safety)

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):37 - 39
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    The author criticizes the LOCA (loss-of-coolant accident) mind-set in the nuclear power industry, by which he means the continuing preoccupation with the general view of reactor safety dominated by the technical subculture created by a billion dollars of LOCA research and now extending itself into the microconsideration of severe accident phenomena. In opposition to this mind-set, he discusses: (1... View full abstract»

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  • Informal discussion of current issues by NRC chairman (nuclear power stations)

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):40 - 42
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (249 KB)

    The author describes his views on the importance of human factors as it applies to nuclear power plant performance. He also discusses some recent NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission) activities that are designed to improve nuclear regulation in 1988 and beyond. It is concluded that an emphasis on human factors can make a positive contribution toward reducing human errors, which still remain a signi... View full abstract»

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  • Human factors in the high-risk systems

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):43 - 48
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
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    The author examines whether the present pace of change of human factors research and its direction are adequate to cope with the problems of high-tech, high-risk systems. Emphasis is placed on whether the priority of this research has been properly defined. It is concluded that, in the present period of rapidly changing technology and concurrent increasing size of systems, a number of very importa... View full abstract»

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  • Human factors research program-long term plan in cooperation with government and private research centers

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):50 - 54
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (388 KB)

    The human factors research program plan (HFRPP) devoted to nuclear power plant safety consists of four major elements: basic research and analysis on human behavior and modeling; a methodological study for practical use; the development of high-risk technology; and the construction of a database for the support of these studies. The author describes the composition of the HFRPP and its role allotm... View full abstract»

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  • Analysis of human performance problems at the Swedish nuclear power plants

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):55 - 60
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    The operation of all Swedish nuclear power plants during the last five years was studied with respect to human performance problems by analyzing all scrams and licensee event reports (LERs). The study covers 165 scrams and 1318 LERs. 39% of the scrams and 27% of the LERs on average for the years 1983-7 were found to be caused by human performance problems. Among the items studied, emphasis was pla... View full abstract»

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  • The use of operator surveys by the CEGB to evaluate nuclear control room design and initiatives in the design of alarm systems and control room operating procedures

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):61 - 64
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The author reports on the use of operator surveys and trip report analysis methods which the Central Electricity Generating Board (CEGB) has developed to assess the extent and adequacy of operator support systems currently installed on its four twin-reactor, first-generation advanced gas-cooled-reactor nuclear power plants. The survey consisted of a program of structured interviews with control ro... View full abstract»

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  • An EDF perspective on human factors

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):65 - 68
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    The author presents the main lines of the program undertaken by Electricite de France in the field of human factors as a result of the incident at Three Mile Island (YMI). As it is important to be aware of some human characteristics to understand the difficulties and needs in the field, the following behavior characteristics are described: man is not a component; man functions through a single cha... View full abstract»

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  • International human factors experience

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):69 - 72
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    The author examines the various issues involved in the safety enhancement of nuclear power plants worldwide in connection with human factor engineering. In particular, he considers the concentration of the International Atomic Energy Agency on the following issues: (1) operator qualification, education and training to increase the 'nuclear safety culture' in nuclear power plant operation; (2) huma... View full abstract»

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  • Turbostart: an expert system as operator guide

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):74 - 85
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    The development of Turbostart, an operator guide expert system in the use of power plant operation procedures is given. Turbostart provides a method for the representation of knowledge in a structured, schematic, and modular way, as well as assistance with a high experience level for the analysis and solution of operating problems. The following elements of this program are discussed: required fun... View full abstract»

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  • Alarm filtering system-a design tool (power station computer control)

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):86 - 88
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    An approach to power plant alarm filtering using alarm relationships is briefly discussed. The industrywide need for this capability is described and the development environment is presented. The use of this tool during the design process is explored and various design considerations are examined. A typical alarm design development is outlined and the integration of a human alarm filtering system ... View full abstract»

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  • Application of system reliability analysis to plant status monitoring

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):89 - 94
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    The author describes a practical software tool which utilizes system reliability analysis techniques to assist nuclear power plant operators and maintenance staff in making timely decisions and reducing routine work burdens. Specifically, this software, plant status monitoring (PSM), will determine system operability status, monitor technical specification and action statements compliance, assess ... View full abstract»

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  • Effectively processing and displaying alarm information

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):95 - 100
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    The author discusses issues involved in the installation of a cathode-ray-tube (CRT)-based alarm display at a nuclear power plant. This alarm display is closely coupled with a knowledge-based aid called the alarm filtering system (AFS). A comparison of process characteristics to alarm display problems is made. Barriers to the integration of advanced operator aids are described and addressed.<&l... View full abstract»

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  • ISACS-an integrated surveillance and control system for the advanced control system (nuclear power plants)

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):101 - 108
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The status of the ISACS concept and its subsystems is reviewed. The Halden Project perceives ISACS as a practical demonstration of the fully computerized control room foreseeable 10-15 years into the future. ISACS covers functions for status identification, operational advice and implementation of control during normal operation, and disturbances and emergencies. An intelligent coordinator adminis... View full abstract»

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  • Human factors considerations for expert systems in the nuclear industry

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):109 - 114
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The author discusses the general human factors issues relative to the development and implementation of expert systems for the nuclear power station control. He summarizes the relevant research that addresses these issues, and identifies those areas that need the most effort for success. Since much of the prominent work for the application of expert systems has focused on computerized aids for dec... View full abstract»

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  • Operator model-based design evaluation of advanced systems: conceptual models

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):115 - 120
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    A multilevel operator modeling approach is recommended to provide broad support for the integrated design of advanced control and protection systems for nuclear power plants. Preliminary design should address the symbiosis of automated systems and human operators by giving careful attention to the roles assigned to these two system elements. A conceptual model of the operator role is developed in ... View full abstract»

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  • Operator model-based design and evaluation of advanced systems: computational models

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):121 - 127
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
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    A multilevel operator modeling effort is recommended to provide broad support for integrated design of advanced control and protection systems for new nuclear power plants. A computational model called INTEROPS (integrated reactor operator system) is described which accounts for the cognitive activities of the operator by combining the advantages of network simulation and knowledge-based simulatio... View full abstract»

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  • The experimental evaluation of the success path monitoring system

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):128 - 136
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
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    The success path monitoring system (SPMS) is an advanced computer-based operator aid which is intended to enhance the operator's ability to handle plant disturbances effectively. It achieves this by providing an online assessment of both the status of critical safety functions and the status of appropriate success paths. A prototype version of SPMS has been implemented on the Halden Project's PWR ... View full abstract»

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  • Testing an expert system: testing the emergency operating procedures tracking system

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):137 - 140
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (291 KB)

    The authors describe the testing of the emergency operating procedures tracking system (EOPTS). Specifically, they consider the measurement of the responses of nuclear power plant control room crews when exposed to accident sequences on plant simulators both with and without the tracking system. They discuss the emergency operating procedures, the software characteristics, the implementation at th... View full abstract»

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