Proceedings. The Sixth IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing (Cat. No.97TB100183)

5-8 Aug. 1997

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  • Proceedings. The Sixth IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing (Cat. No.97TB100183)

    Publication Year: 1997
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Author index

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s): 377
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • A parallel workload model and its implications for processor allocation

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):112 - 123
    Cited by:  Papers (25)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1056 KB)

    We develop a workload model based on observations of parallel computers at the San Diego Supercomputer Center and the Cornell Theory Center. This model gives us insight into the performance of strategies for scheduling moldable jobs on space-sharing parallel computers. We find that Adaptive Static Partitioning (ASP), which has been reported to work well for other workloads, does not perform as wel... View full abstract»

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  • Speed up your database client with adaptable multithreaded prefetching

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):102 - 111
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (804 KB)

    In many client/server object database applications, performance is limited by the delay in transferring pages from the server to the client. We present a prefetching technique that can avoid this delay, especially where there are several database servers. Part of the novelty of this approach lies in the way that multithreading on the client workstation is exploited, in particular for activities su... View full abstract»

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  • Adaptive cache invalidation methods in mobile environments

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):264 - 273
    Cited by:  Papers (13)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (808 KB)

    Caching of frequently accessed data items can reduce the bandwidth requirement in a mobile wireless computing environment. Periodically broadcast of invalidation reports is an efficient cache invalidation strategy. However, this strategy is severely affected by the disconnection and mobility of the clients. In this paper, we present two adaptive cache invalidation report methods, in which the serv... View full abstract»

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  • Packing messages as a tool for boosting the performance of total ordering protocols

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):233 - 242
    Cited by:  Papers (17)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (872 KB)

    This paper compares the throughput and latency of four protocols that provide total ordering. Two of these protocols are measured with and without message packing. We used a technique that buffers application messages for a short period of time before sending them, so more messages are packed together. The main conclusion of this comparison is that message packing influences the performance of tot... View full abstract»

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  • Kaleido: an environment for composing networked multimedia applications

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):181 - 190
    Cited by:  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1240 KB)

    Kaleido is a system for flexible concurrent processing of multimedia flows where applications are decomposed into building blocks called “active buffers” whose computation and I/O requirements are characterized so as to allow reservation of CPU and bandwidth resources. The input and output ports of active buffers in a Kaleido application are connected by channels. The active buffers in... View full abstract»

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  • Predicting slowdown for networked workstations

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):92 - 101
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (936 KB)

    Most applications share the resources of networked workstations with other applications. Since system load can vary dramatically, allocation strategies that assume that resources have a constant availability and/or capability are unlikely to promote performance-efficient allocations in practice. In order to best allocate application tasks to machines, it is critical to provide a realistic model of... View full abstract»

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  • Parallel FFT on ATM-based networks of workstations

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):2 - 11
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (836 KB)

    In this paper, we first evaluate the performance degradation caused by unequal bandwidths on the execution of conventional parallel algorithms such as the fast Fourier transform on an ATM-based Network of Workstations. We then present a strategy based on dynamic redistribution of data points to reduce the bottlenecks caused by unequal bandwidths. We also extend this strategy to deal with processor... View full abstract»

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  • Distributed polyphonic music synthesis

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):20 - 29
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (928 KB)

    Music synthesis often relies on very computationally intensive algorithms. Various strategies have been used to deal with the complexity, including using simpler, but more limited algorithms, using specialized hardware, and executing them in non-real-time for later playback. Although several implementations using parallel hardware have been done, very little has been done with distributed implemen... View full abstract»

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  • The software architecture of a virtual distributed computing environment

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):40 - 49
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (948 KB)

    The requirements of grand challenge problems and the deployment of gigabit networks makes the network computing framework an attractive and cost effective computing environment with which to interconnect geographically distributed processing and storage resources. Our project, Virtual Distributed Computing Environment (VDCE), provides a problem-solving environment for high-performance distributed ... View full abstract»

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  • InVerse: Designing an interactive universe architecture for scalability and extensibility

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):61 - 70
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (872 KB)

    Faster networks, faster processors, and standardized protocols have enabled the emergence of interactive applications running over commercial networks such as the Internet. In such applications, multiple users interact with one another by exchanging real-time information such as user position and orientation in a virtual world, live and recorded audio, video, and text. These applications include i... View full abstract»

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  • Load-balanced routing for collaborative multimedia communication

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):81 - 90
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (872 KB)

    An important class of multimedia applications involve real-time distributed collaboration or distributed control. This paper examines some of the issues in network support for this class of applications and presents Collaborative Load-Balanced Routing (CLBR), a new technique for routing and call establishment of distributed collaborative and control multimedia applications. CLBR substantially redu... View full abstract»

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  • Distributed-thread scheduling methods for reducing page-thrashing

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):356 - 364
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (848 KB)

    Although distributed threads on distributed shared memory (DSM) provide an easy programming model for distributed computer systems, it is not easy to build a high performance system with them, because a software DSM system is prone to page-thrashing. One way to reduce page-thrashing is to utilize thread migration, which leads to changes in page access patterns on DSM. In this paper, we propose thr... View full abstract»

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  • A distributed load balancing algorithm for the hot cell problem in cellular mobile networks

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):254 - 263
    Cited by:  Papers (12)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1052 KB)

    We propose a novel channel management algorithm, called distributed load balancing with selective borrowing (D-LBSB), for cellular mobile networks. As an underlying approach, we start with a fixed channel assignment scheme where each cell is initially allocated a set of local channels, each to be assigned on demand to a user in that cell. The novelty of our D-LBSB scheme lies in handling the hot c... View full abstract»

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  • ASCI applications

    Publication Year: 1997
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (32 KB)

    In discussions of ASCI, the high-profile procurements of large computers frequently figure prominently. However, from the outset of the ASCI program, applications have been recognized as the driver. These applications feature complex, multi-physics simulations of natural phenomena that generate massive data sets as output. As we have moved from computing systems dominated by parallel vector proces... View full abstract»

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  • Run-time support for scheduling parallel applications in heterogeneous NOWs

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):347 - 355
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (688 KB)

    This paper describes the current state of Prophet-a system that provides run-time scheduling support for parallel applications in heterogeneous workstation networks. Prior work on Prophet demonstrated that scheduling SPMD applications could be effectively automated with excellent performance. Enhancements have been made to Prophet to broaden its use to other application types including parallel pi... View full abstract»

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  • Forecasting network performance to support dynamic scheduling using the network weather service

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):316 - 325
    Cited by:  Papers (54)  |  Patents (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (872 KB)

    The Network Weather Service is a generalizable and extensible facility designed to provide dynamic resource performance forecasts in metacomputing environments. In this paper, we outline its design and detail the predictive performance of the forecasts it generates. While the forecasting methods are general, we focus on their ability to predict the TCP/IP end-to-end throughput and latency that is ... View full abstract»

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  • A secure communications infrastructure for high-performance distributed computing

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):125 - 136
    Cited by:  Papers (10)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1056 KB)

    Applications that use high-speed networks to connect geographically distributed supercomputers, databases, and scientific instruments may operate over open networks and access valuable resources. Hence, they can require mechanisms for ensuring integrity and confidentiality of communications and for authenticating both users and resources. Security solutions developed for traditional client-server ... View full abstract»

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  • Distributed service paradigm for remote video retrieval request

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):191 - 200
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (876 KB)

    The per service cost have been serious impediment to wide spread usage of on-line digital continuous media service, especially in the entertainment arena. Although handling the continuous media may be achievable due to the technology advances in past few years, its competitiveness in the market with the existing service type such as video rental is still in question. In this paper, we propose a se... View full abstract»

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  • Parallel hierarchical global illumination

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):12 - 19
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1176 KB)

    This paper presents an algorithm that solves the Rendering Equation to any desired accuracy, and can be run in parallel on distributed memory or shared memory computer systems with excellent scaling properties. It appears superior in both speed and physical correctness to recent published methods involving bidirectional ray tracing or hybrid treatments of diffuse and specular surfaces. Like &ldquo... View full abstract»

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  • PARDIS: A parallel approach to CORBA

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):31 - 39
    Cited by:  Papers (16)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (832 KB)

    This paper describes PARDIS, a system containing explicit support for interoperability of PARallel DIStributed applications. PARDIS is based on the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA). Like CORBA, it provides interoperability between heterogeneous components by specifying their interfaces in a meta-language, the CORBA IDL, which call be translated into the language of interacting com... View full abstract»

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  • Frame-based components for generalized particle methods

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):50 - 59
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (852 KB)

    Algorithms for generalized particle methods are discussed in the context of high-performance parallel distributed computing. An object-oriented framework for such methods is presented along with the implementation of several very different scientific particle-based applications using the POET framework View full abstract»

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  • The Argonne Voyager multimedia server

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):71 - 80
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (828 KB)

    With the growing presence of multimedia-enabled systems, we will see an integration of collaborative computing concepts into future scientific and technical workplaces. Desktop teleconferencing is common today, while more complex teleconferencing technology that relies on the availability of multipoint-enabled tools is starting to become available on PCs. A critical problem when using these collab... View full abstract»

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  • A directory service for configuring high-performance distributed computations

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):365 - 375
    Cited by:  Papers (100)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (964 KB)

    High-performance execution in distributed computing environments often requires careful selection and configuration not only of computers, networks, and other resources but also of the protocols and algorithms used by applications. Selection and configuration in turn require access to accurate, up-to-date information on the structure and state of available resources. Unfortunately no standard mech... View full abstract»

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