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Bio-Medical Electronics, IRE Transactions on

Issue 4 • Date Oct. 1961

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  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): c1
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  • IRE Professional Group on Bio-Medical Electronics

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): c2
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  • [Table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 207
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  • New Frontiers in Bio-Medical Engineering Education

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 208
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  • Biology in Bio-Medical Engineering

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 209 - 210
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  • Physiology in Bio-Medical Engineering

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 211 - 212
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  • The Role of the Engineer in Bio-Medical Science

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 212 - 216
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  • Specialized Courses Required in Bio-Medical Engineering Science

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 216 - 218
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  • Bio-Medical Engineering Program at Johns Hopkins, Pennsylvania, Rochester, and Yale

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 219 - 222
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • The Bio-Medical Engineer

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 223 - 225
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • Informal Training Program in Bio-Medical Engineering at Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and the Rockefeller Institute

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 225 - 226
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  • Bio-Medical Engineering Program at Drexel Institute of Technology

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 227
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • Medical Electronics at the University of Vermont

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 228
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  • Medically- and Engineering-Oriented Facilities, Instruction, and Research in Bio-Medical Electronics

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 229 - 233
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    The Iowa State University program in bio-medical electronics is characterized by the following features: 1) It has been in operation on an organized and documnented basis siince 1957. 2) It is jointly operated by the Colleges of Engineering and Veterinary Medicine, through an administrative committee of interdisciplinary composition. 3) It is conducted within the scope of the graduate college, and first and second minors in bio-medical electroniics are conferred. 4) The program chairman is trainied and experieniced in the engineering and the bio-medical sciences. 5) The objectives include the design and use of biomedical instrumentation, the use of engineering, concepts in bio-medical research, and the use of bio-medical concepts in engineering research. 6) The facilities include a specially designed bio-medical electronics laboratory building--a $407,500 structure which was jointly sponsored by the State of Iowa and the National Inistitute of Health. 7) The associated research projects are closely liniked to the training prograimi and deal with a wide variety of topics. 8) Numerous graduate students have been trained in biomedical electronics, some have acquired advanced degrees, and twelve have completed the 1960-1961 sequence of special courses. A program of the scope discussed here presumes that the current national growth of bio-medical electronics activities will continue. This assumption is supported by independent findings published in recent reports of the United States Congress. View full abstract»

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  • Bio-Medical Electronics past and Present

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 234 - 238
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    A brief review of the development of the field of bio-medical electronics and its present status is presented. Topics include development, description of the field, industry education and future outlook. View full abstract»

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  • Influence of Light Air Ions on Human Visual Reaction Time

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 239 - 245
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    An automatic electronic visual-reaction-time meter has been developed which includes a random-pulse generator controlled by nuclear radiation for starting the subject's light pulse. With this instrument (using radioactive ion generators) several hundred subjects have been investigated in over 12,900 tests. An influence of light atmospheric ions on the human reaction time has been found for ion currents between 106 and 109 inhaled ions per second or ion densities of about 103 to 106 ions/cm3. Inhaling positive or negative ions may increase or decrease the reaction time of different people or even of the same person after several hours. In this respect the influence of ions resembles the effect of many drugs on the human system. The effect disappears when the subject is breathing through the nose instead of the mouth. View full abstract»

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  • Electrical Analog Simulation of Temperature Regulation in Man

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 245 - 252
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    Using the basic equations for heat balance which have been developed to take into account heat losses by radiation, convection and evaporation, an electrical analog has been constructed to simulate the physiological responses to heat and cold in the nude man. As has been previously shown, physiologic temperature regulation involves three of the basic types of control modes, namely, proportional control, rate control, and some of the characteristics of on-off control. The rate and proportionality constants have been determined experimentally on the assumption that the regulated temperature is the average body temperature. Time constants for the various thermal changes can be determined from the thermal constants of tissue and the response times of the physiological variables of sweating, vasomotor activity and change in metabolic rate. The simulator predicts steady-state situations of rectal temperature, skin temperature, metabolic rate, vasomotor state and evaporative heat loss under both resting conditions and exercise. Dynamic responses to sudden shifts in environmental temperature, air velocity, relative humidity and metabolic rate can be simulated to a considerable extent using equations based on the controls outlined above. View full abstract»

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  • Transistorized Pacemaker for Remote Stimulation of the Heart by Radio-Frequency Transmission

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 253 - 257
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    Diverse techniques have been developed for controlling the cardiac rate by external means when normal physiological processes fail to maintain a stable rate. These techniques are presented in a brief summary. The factors underlying the choice of the radio-frequency transmission technique are presented and evaluated, taking into account control of the stimulus, avoidance of infection, and minimizing the number of electrical components within the body. A set of design specifications is then evolved based upon the physiological needs of the patient, utilizing the philosophy of the RF transmission approach. The design of two transistorized, battery-operated pacemakers is then presented in detail with a description of the constructed units and an evaluation of performance. These units have now been used successfully on five patients. View full abstract»

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  • A Portable Miniature Transistorized Radio-Frequency Coupled Cardiac Pacemaker

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 258 - 262
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    A miniature, transistorized radio-frequency-coupled cardiac pacemaker was developed to eliminate wires penetrating the skin when electrodes are placed on the heart to drive it. The design also eliminates the need for totally implanting a pacemaker with its batteries. The stimulating impulse is transmitted via amplitude modulation to a tuned circuit and detector assembly implanted below the skin. The output of the detector is connected to electrodes directly on the heart, making external control of the heart rate possible. In operation, the pacemaker transmitter is placed on the surface of the body above the receiver implant. The size of the unit is 4×13/4 ×13/2 inches. It weighs three ounces. View full abstract»

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  • Correction

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 262
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  • Letters to the Editor

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 263 - 264
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  • Abstracts of Current Bio-Medical Electronic Research Projects

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 265 - 267
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  • Notices

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 267
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  • PGBME Affiliates

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 268
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  • Third International Conference on Medical Electronics London, July, 1960

    Publication Year: 1961 , Page(s): 269 - 270
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Aims & Scope

This Transactions ceased publication in 1962. The current retitled publication is Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on

Full Aims & Scope