[Proceedings] 1988 IEEE Workshop on Languages for Automation@m_Symbiotic and Intelligent Robotics

29-31 Aug. 1988

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  • 1988 IEEE Workshop on Languages for Automation: Symbiotic and Intelligent Robots (Cat. No.88CH2636-9)

    Publication Year: 1988
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • A critical look at the relationship between AI and software engineering

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):2 - 18
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1882 KB)

    A number of key issues relating to the application of artificial intelligence (AI) to software engineering (SE) and the reverse are discussed. Issues relating to how AI can help SE are: whether automatic programming is synonymous with AI for SE and whether it represents a major paradigm for SE in the next decade; whether expert systems technology is sufficiently successful and mature enough to pro... View full abstract»

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  • A new, non Hebbian model for neural nets

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):20 - 24
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (278 KB)

    A model for use in neural nets is presented. The model is divided into two elements: the line, which includes transmission characteristics, delays, and encoding capabilities, and the junction, which is the comparison element able to make decisions. Elemental automata can be constructed using these kinds of elements, as shown by several examples.<<ETX>> View full abstract»

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  • A novel architecture for modular implementation of neural networks

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):25 - 29
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (538 KB)

    An architecture for an efficient, highly parallel implementation of large-scale neural networks is proposed. The basis of the architecture is a ring or a multiring communication network with processing elements as nodes. The architecture provides a modular, expandable implementation in which hardware cost and processing speed can be readily traded. Various neutral-network connectivities and their ... View full abstract»

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  • Learning discrete mappings-Athena's approach

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):31 - 36
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (593 KB)

    The general problem of learning discrete mappings is considered. The focus is on the problem of learning a mapping that generalizes an incomplete description specified by a set of examples. The authors' view of this problem's nature is explained for the case of incompletely specified mappings, and on this basis a quantitative measure is given for determining the target learning performance. A neur... View full abstract»

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  • The fds/sub k/-semantic language: Neural implementation

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):37 - 41
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (413 KB)

    Sensor patterns in a one-dimensional (1-D) spatiotemporal measurement domain are discussed. The fds/sub k/-model of perceptual conformity assessment is examined. The interactive fds/sub k/-modeling procedures is reviews and fds/sub k/-based real-time recognition is examined. Algorithms are presented for implementation with a digital computer in sequential sampling situations, or with parallel proc... View full abstract»

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  • Intelligent robotics: recognition and reasoning

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):44 - 59
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1643 KB)

    The functions of recognition and reasoning are examined for their fundamental importance to intelligent robotics. Pattern-based computation and inference operations are also analyzed, as they may lead to computation paradigms that have more efficient implementations than the discrete-symbol computation paradigm of serial digital computers.<<ETX>> View full abstract»

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  • Telerobot task planning and reasoning: integration of AI, geometric reasoning and robotic systems

    Publication Year: 1988
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (521 KB)

    Summary form only given. The development of an autonomous, integrated artificial intelligence (AI)-based robot task planner for assembly and repair applications in space is described. Research is currently focused on AI systems, geometric-reasoning systems, trajectory-planning systems, grasp-planning systems, and real manipulators.<<ETX>> View full abstract»

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  • Optimal collision-free path planning of two mobile robots

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):63 - 68
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (485 KB)

    An offline discrete-time collision-free path-planning scheme to allow two mobile robots to work in a common space is described. The problem is formalized as a minimax time collision-free path search problem. The degree of freedom of the problem is first reduced by applying the collision-free constraint. Subsequently, the solution is found by three levels of search. The golden-section search method... View full abstract»

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  • The frame-based spatial knowledge representation

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):69 - 72
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (294 KB)

    A representation scheme for spatial data is proposed for image information systems (IIS). This scheme uses a frame-like structure as its abstract data type. The knowledge of image data and their spatial and semantic relationships are represented by frames. The control strategy, using approximate matching and rules, can reason the spatial relationships and give the semantic interpretation of image ... View full abstract»

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  • The 'hand-eye' problem: robotics and education in computer science

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):73 - 78
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (603 KB)

    A four-term project carried out with students of computer science at the Univ. of Bremen, West Germany, as part of the degree requirements is described. The project is called ROMEO, which is a German acronym for 'robots and people: an occlusion'. The subject selected for the project is a version of the classic hand-eye problem of robotics: given a disassembled 3-D puzzle under the observation area... View full abstract»

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  • VITAMIN toolkit: a UIMS for CIM applications

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):80 - 89
    Cited by:  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (674 KB)

    The analysis and design of a user interface management system (UIMS) for computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) applications is presented. An architecture is proposed that considers three types of users: the system-building user, the application administrator, and the end user. This architecture is a modular toolkit comprised of a logical model builder, a monitor builder, and a module to external... View full abstract»

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  • Towards the automated interpretation of geological surveys

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):90 - 94
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (454 KB)

    The development of an interactive system tailored to support the activity of the geologist, who examines the gravimetric map of a region to draw information about the geological underground structures, is described. Access to the system is managed by an interface that creates a visual environment for the expert engaged in designing and testing procedures that automatically may execute the activity... View full abstract»

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  • Petri net design language

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):96 - 99
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (180 KB)

    A Petri net design language is presented that is based on the earlier Computer Design Language (CDL). The language should be able to handle large-scale nets with hundreds or thousands of places and transitions and to provide a simulation environment. An example is given to illustrate the language.<<ETX>> View full abstract»

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  • Hierarchical graph models of concurrent CIM systems

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):100 - 105
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (576 KB)

    A concurrent computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) system modeling technique, called hierarchical graph (HG) modeling, is presented, along with its language extension, called parallel flow graph (PFG). HG is an abstract parallel machine, that is, a model of concurrent computation, that can be used to describe the logical structure of a CIM system and the relationships among each subsystem and th... View full abstract»

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  • Towards automatic indexing of product models in a CIM environment

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):106 - 114
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (704 KB)

    Consistent techniques for both two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) representations that can be adapted to the various contexts of interest in computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) activities are presented. These techniques are based on the study, implementation, and use of some academic prototypes in the field of technical drawing restoration and 3-D object representation and manip... View full abstract»

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  • Akrti: a system for drawing data structure

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):116 - 121
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (453 KB)

    A system for graphically displaying data structures created by programs during execution is described. Each built-in data type is displayed in a standard way. No additional programming on the part of the user is required to use the system. Special hints may be used, at run time, to declare record/point data structures as abstract data types (e.g. binary tree, linked list, stack, etc.). The drawing... View full abstract»

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  • pluribus: a visual programming environment for education and research

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):122 - 128
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (598 KB)

    Pluribus, an interactive visual environment that extends the expressive power of recursive functional programming languages such as Lisp, is described. It uses a function-machine metaphor that views mathematical functions as machines that communicate through data-flow and control-flow connections. Machines are shown as icons. A structure consisting of several machines that function as a unit can b... View full abstract»

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  • Structured spreadsheet calculation

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):129 - 133
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (503 KB)

    A data structure classification scheme based on a study of a large set of spreadsheets is presented. A distinction is made between logical and physical data structures, and their relationship is described. The classification of data structures is then used to formulate a mechanism called structured spreadsheet calculation. The basic building blocks of structured spreadsheets are the logical data s... View full abstract»

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  • VLP: a visual language for prototyping

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):134 - 148
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1127 KB)

    Specifications of information-systems-type applications are often based on the use of entity-relationship (ER) and dataflow (DF) diagrams, which cover the conceptual modeling of data and functions, respectively. VLP, an executable visual language for formal specifications which fully integrates ER and DF diagrams in a semantically clear way, is introduced. Unlike existing commercial products (the ... View full abstract»

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  • A similarity retrieval method for image databases using simple graphics

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):149 - 154
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (25)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (781 KB)

    A retrieval method that uses key images is proposed for image databases. The key images represent layout information of the target image. Therefore, key images can appear explicitly in the target image. The layout information presentation scheme is also discussed. The key-image-matching method used to search for the target image in the database is described. Applying the concept of ambiguity to th... View full abstract»

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  • Limits of logic-computer epistemology

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):156 - 160
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (574 KB)

    A discussion is presented on the issues of why the analysis of the limits in knowledge representation and world comprehension is so important in the electronic information age and how and why the ancient basic problems of philosophy are returning at a new level. The problems are divided into three related areas: uncertainty, logic, and languages, which all direct towards the complexity issue. The ... View full abstract»

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  • Visual languages for human-machine interaction

    Publication Year: 1988
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (112 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. A survey of recent advance in visual languages and the formal theory of icons is presented, which provides a unified methodology for visual language design as well as icon-oriented system design. View full abstract»

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  • DIS: a user interface system design for the dictionary's database

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):164 - 169
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (593 KB)

    A user interface system is proposed for the non-computer-professional using a previously developed electronic dictionary system. A model that uniformly represents all the dictionary's information is also proposed. Based on this model, a user interface system is proposed for the electronic dictionary, called the dictionary interface system (DIS). The users are offered a visual environment for using... View full abstract»

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  • Computer 'visualization' of user activity: hybrid recognition of conceptual patterns

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):170 - 175
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (434 KB)

    An approach to utilize a hybrid pattern-recognition scheme in designing computer interfaces that can adapt to human users is proposed. It presupposes definition of interface structures that are conducive to human conceptual activities. These are used as structural prototypes that are recognizable with the help of production systems from the area of artificial intelligence. As a result, a user-spec... View full abstract»

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