# IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement

## Issue 3 • March 2019

Purchase of this issue is not available.

## Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 34

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):C1 - C4
| PDF (209 KB)
• ### IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement publication information

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s): C2
| PDF (118 KB)
• ### A Robust Algorithm for Classification and Rejection of NLOS Signals in Narrowband Ultrasonic Localization Systems

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):646 - 655
| | PDF (2799 KB) | HTML

This paper develops a novel algorithm for classifying and rejecting non-line-of-sight ultrasonic signals for use in indoor positioning and measurement systems. The algorithm consists of two parts, an initial probability estimate based upon signal amplitude followed by an iteratively reweighed least squares regression that utilizes the probabilities in the weight update step. This method allows for... View full abstract»

• ### A Coarse-to-Fine Model for Rail Surface Defect Detection

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):656 - 666
| | PDF (4072 KB) | HTML

Computer vision systems have attracted much attention in recent years for use in detecting surface defects on rails; however, accurate and efficient recognition of possible defects remains challenging due to the variations shown by defects and also noise. This paper proposes a coarse-to-fine model (CTFM) to identify defects at different scales. The model works on three scales from coarse to fine: ... View full abstract»

• ### Generalized Completed Local Binary Patterns for Time-Efficient Steel Surface Defect Classification

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):667 - 679
| | PDF (4823 KB) | HTML

Efficient defect classification is one of the most important preconditions to achieve online quality inspection for hot-rolled strip steels. It is extremely challenging owing to various defect appearances, large intraclass variation, ambiguous interclass distance, and unstable gray values. In this paper, a generalized completed local binary patterns (GCLBP) framework is proposed. Two variants of i... View full abstract»

• ### Design, Implementation, and Analysis of a 3-D Magnetic Tweezer System With High Magnetic Field Gradient

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):680 - 687
| | PDF (1728 KB) | HTML

This paper presents the design, modeling, and implementation of an innovative, high-power hexapole magnetic tweezer system for 3-D micromanipulations. The designed system has six sharp-tipped magnetic poles that are aligned in an inclined Cartesian coordinate system. The installation platform including yokes was made by a 3-D printer using the magnetized material. The magnetic field was generated ... View full abstract»

• ### Magnetic-Field Measurement Based on Multicore Fiber Taper and Magnetic Fluid

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):688 - 692
| | PDF (1311 KB) | HTML

An all-fiber magnetic-field sensor combining a multicore fiber taper and magnetic fluid is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The magnetic-field sensing mechanism is investigated theoretically and experimentally. Experimental results demonstrate that the dip-wavelength of the proposed sensor regularly varies with the changes of the applied magnetic field. The measuring sensitivity is achiev... View full abstract»

• ### Uncertainty Analysis in Time Distribution Mechanisms for OMS Smart Meters: The Last-Mile Time Synchronization Issue

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):693 - 703
| | PDF (1485 KB) | HTML

An efficient energy management requires an exchange of information among different energy grids, such as electricity, gas, and heating. This paper analyzes the open metering system (OMS), a set of protocols used to provide the communication in a multiutility grid, with special focus on its capability of distributing the time information over the infrastructure. Currently, synchronization accuracy ... View full abstract»

• ### A New Vibration Testing Platform for Electronic Current Transformers

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):704 - 712
| | PDF (3088 KB) | HTML

With the growing global interest in developing future smart grids, nonconventional instrument transformers have been given much attention. In contrary with the classic magnetic core current transformer, electronic current transformer (ECT) does not exhibit saturation, is of small volume, and can generate a digital signal complying with the recent digital communication protocols such as the IEC6185... View full abstract»

• ### A Method for Remote Estimation of Wattmeter’s Adjustment Gain

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):713 - 721
| | PDF (1811 KB) | HTML

A method for remote wattmeter (RW) adjustment is introduced in this paper. The estimated adjustment gain is intended for corrections of wattmeter’s indications. Currently, legal metrology regulations do not allow such type of adjustment of certified instruments in the field. However, the proposed adjustment could be applicable in the areas of private or industrial subaccounting, home automation, a... View full abstract»

• ### Intelligent Diagnosis of V-Type Marine Diesel Engines Based on Multifeatures Extracted From Instantaneous Crankshaft Speed

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):722 - 740
| | PDF (5965 KB) | HTML

This paper presents an intelligent combustion fault diagnosis approach for V-type marine diesel engines with uneven firing intervals based on the instantaneous crankshaft speed (ICS). First, experimental ICSs of a 16-cylinder marine diesel engine under normal and different degrees of fault conditions are investigated to obtain the most sensitive fault features. A new polar representation method na... View full abstract»

• ### Adaptively Estimating Rotation Speed From DC Motor Current Ripple for Order Tracking and Fault Diagnosis

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):741 - 753
| | PDF (5997 KB) | HTML

An adaptive signal decomposition and selection (ASDS) method is proposed to estimate the rotation speed of a direct current (dc) motor. This paper contributes to order tracking (OT) and fault diagnosis of dc motor independent of a shaft encoder and under the condition of speed variation. Wavelet transform is first applied to the current signal, and the wavelet ridge is extracted from the time–freq... View full abstract»

• ### Development of a Novel Linear ERT Sensor to Measure Surface Deposits

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):754 - 761
| | PDF (2784 KB) | HTML

This paper investigates the feasibility of using electrical resistance tomography (ERT) to visualize the surface deposit during a cleaning-in-place (CIP) process, which is a common problem in various industries. A pilot scale cleaning rig with a purposely designed ERT test section was used for monitoring the prerinse CIP stage of cleaning milk paste adhering to a test section. The ERT test section... View full abstract»

• ### A Robust Inclusion Boundary Reconstructor for Electrical Impedance Tomography With Geometric Constraints

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):762 - 773
| | PDF (13366 KB) | HTML

As a nondestructive, nonradioactive, and high temporal resolution technique, electrical impedance tomography (EIT) has potential applications in industrial and biomedical imaging. A novel geometrically constrained boundary reconstructor (GCBR) is presented for EIT. It can directly calculate the boundary of the target inclusions embedded into a homogeneous background conductivity and is robust to n... View full abstract»

• ### Autorange Thermal Sigma–Delta Converter for Incident Radiation Measurement

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):774 - 781
| | PDF (1824 KB) | HTML

Thermal sigma–delta modulator is a closed-loop measurement approach, where the sensing element performs part of the $\Sigma \Delta$ modulation in the thermal domain. A new architecture is proposed in this paper for measuring the thermal incident radiation using thermoresistive sensors, where the modulator input range is autom... View full abstract»

• ### Online Precise Motion Measurement of 3-DOF Nanopositioners Based on Image Correlation

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):782 - 790
| | PDF (2740 KB) | HTML

Fast and accurate measuring motion with multi-degrees-of-freedom (multi-DOFs) and high resolution has been highly demanded in the development of nanopositioning systems in recent years. This paper develops an efficient and practical image correlation method capable of measuring micromotions of the planar 3-DOF ( $x,y,\theta _{z}$ View full abstract»

• ### Accurate Classification of Seizure and Seizure-Free Intervals of Intracranial EEG Signals From Epileptic Patients

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):791 - 796
| | PDF (756 KB) | HTML

Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals are widely used to detect epileptic seizures in a patient’s neuronal activity. Since visual inspection and interpretation of EEG signal are time-consuming and prone to errors, various computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) tools have been proposed. In this paper, we present a novel automated detection system to distinguish between intracranial EEG time courses with seiz... View full abstract»

• ### Design and Evaluation of a USB Isolator for Medical Instrumentation

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):797 - 806
| | PDF (2733 KB) | HTML

Design of medical equipment (ME) has benefitted from the use of personal computers (PCs). In order to integrate both technologies, important factors must be considered in the design of medical instrumentation, such as magnitude parameters and frequency range. Electrical protection is a fundamental characteristic in all MEs to guarantee electrical safety for both operator and patient. This paper de... View full abstract»

• ### A Robust Pulse Onset and Peak Detection Method for Automated PPG Signal Analysis System

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):807 - 817
| | PDF (2598 KB) | HTML

Accurate determination of pulse onset and peak is important in many photoplethysmogram (PPG) signal analysis applications. This paper presents a new automatic robust pulse onset and peak detection method which consists of the stationary wavelet transform; the multiscale sum and product; the adaptive amplitude thresholding; the smooth Shannon entropy envelope extraction; the Gaussian derivative fil... View full abstract»

• ### Transformer Health Management Based on Self-Powered RFID Sensor and Multiple Kernel RVM

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):818 - 828
| | PDF (2532 KB) | HTML

Health management for transformer in service is of great significance to the reliable operation of power system. This paper presents a cost-efficient transformer condition prognosis methodology. First, a power management circuit is designed to guarantee the stable performance of self-powered RFID sensor. Moreover, the sensor data storage mechanism is modified by embedding the sensor data into the ... View full abstract»

• ### An Efficient Interface Circuit for Lossy Capacitive Sensors

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):829 - 836
| | PDF (2319 KB) | HTML

This paper presents a low-cost interface circuit for lossy capacitive sensors. Most of the capacitive sensors are lossy in nature, where the resistance value of the sensor significantly varies along with the capacitance value. Accurate measurement of those values of a lossy capacitive sensor is a challenging task. This paper deals with the development of an electronic interface circuit for such a ... View full abstract»

• ### Measurement System Based on Electrostatic Sensors to Detect Moving Charged Debris With Planar-Isotropic Accuracy

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):837 - 844
| | PDF (2638 KB) | HTML

We present a measurement system capable to detect and reconstruct the trajectory of moving charged debris expelled with the exhaust gases or circulating in the lubricating oil of engines, aero-engines, or gas turbines. The measurement technique is based on a circular array of three electrostatic sensors used to estimate the trajectory, the charge, and the velocity of a moving charged particle. We ... View full abstract»

• ### A SAR-Based Measurement Method for Passive-Tag Positioning With a Flying UHF-RFID Reader

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):845 - 853
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (3333 KB) | HTML

This paper presents and characterizes a measurement method for positioning of passive tags, by a drone equipped with a UHF-RFID reader. The method is based on a synthetic aperture radar approach and exploits the knowledge of the reader/drone trajectory, which is achieved with a differential Global Navigation Satellite System. Different sources of measurement uncertainty are analyzed by means of nu... View full abstract»

• ### Novel Broadband Calibration Method of Current Shunts Based on VNA

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):854 - 863
| | PDF (1774 KB) | HTML

Usually high wideband ac current and harmonics measurements are accurately achieved in industry and laboratories by using high accuracy shunts or standard shunts. For particular applications, such as power and transient measurements, it is mandatory to evaluate the shunt impedance phase and magnitude according to the frequency bandwidth of interest before to measure the current with such sensors. ... View full abstract»

• ### A Dual-Interferometer-Based Angular Measurement System With Absolute Angle Recovery Method

Publication Year: 2019, Page(s):864 - 873
| | PDF (2389 KB) | HTML

A dual-interferometer-based angular measurement system is proposed and studied, obtaining analytical expressions for the measured distance of each interferometric axis. The nonzero convexity of the characteristic curve during a rotation is proven to be an intrinsic characteristic of the setup. An absolute angle recovery method is proposed relying on the use of this characteristic curve as an absol... View full abstract»

## Aims & Scope

Papers are sought that address innovative solutions to the development and use of electrical and electronic instruments and equipment to measure, monitor and/or record physical phenomena for the purpose of advancing measurement science, methods, functionality and applications.

Full Aims & Scope

## Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief

School of EECS

University of Ottawa

800 King Edward Ave.

Ottawa, Ontario