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Robotics & Automation Magazine, IEEE

Issue 3 • Date Sept. 2013

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 25
  • [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): C1
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 1 - 2
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  • Editorial Board

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 2
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  • Your Magazine [From the Editor's Desk]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 4
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  • Robotics and Automation for Humanitarian Activities [President's Message]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 6 - 10
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  • Upgrade Your Robot Competition, Make a Festival! [Competitions]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 12 - 14
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  • Robotics and Automation Activities in South Africa [Industrial Activities]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 16 - 18
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (9260 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Reports on automation and robot technologies and applications development in South Africa. View full abstract»

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  • The AlterG (Tibion) Bionic Leg Wins the IERA 2013 Award

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 19 - 20
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  • Stepping into the Future of Bionics [Industrial Activities]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 20 - 102
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (485 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The application of robotics technology to physical rehabilitation is in need of a revolution. Many years ago, my thoughts along these lines began during my rehabilitation from knee surgery. While spending a few weeks on crutches, I thought there must be a way to apply robotics technology to mobility and rehabilitation needs. Finally, many years later, when I started working on a product idea, I still had no idea about most of the technology and business challenges that would need to be solved before bringing such a product to the market. View full abstract»

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  • Service robotics (the rise and bloom of service robots) [tc spotlight]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 22 - 24
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1097 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    We may think that robots were invented to serve humans. Consequently, what is the disparity between the terms service robots and service robotics? Although this is a valid point, to distinguish from the initial wide usage of robots in manufacturing, the term service robotics was invented to show robotics technologies and applications in nonmanufacturing areas. The term service robots was intended to highlight emerging markets for the new types of robots. This was the motivation behind initiating the Service Robots Technical Committee (TC) within the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society (RAS) in 1995. During the same period, the term intelligent robots appeared in the literature (see [1]) to represent the new trend away from the narrow focus of the robotics community on the control of the robotic manipulators. View full abstract»

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  • Soft Robotics [TC Spotlight]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 24 - 95
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1117 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The use of soft and deformable materials in robotic systems has increasingly gained interest in recent years. Because of its potential to deal with uncertain and unstructured task environments, soft-body robotic systems are expected to be able to accomplish tasks such as grasping and manipulation of unknown objects, locomotion in rough terrains, and performing flexible interactions between robots and living cells or human bodies. In addition, soft robotics pushes the boundary of visionary research topics such as growing, self-repairing, and self-replicating robots. Examples of the recent major achievements in soft robotics are shown in Figure 1. View full abstract»

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  • Autonomous Underwater Biorobots: A Wireless System for Power Transfer

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 26 - 32
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1967 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This article describes a new design for wireless power transfer in autonomous underwater robots. The aim is to propose a solution for battery charging by taking into account the morphological and dimensional constraints of robots requiring small and low-weight internal modules. An innovative design is presented for inductive power transfer suitable for a wide range of applications. The system is conceptually equivalent to a transformer in which the core can be separated into two parts during operation, one for each coil. Inductive power transfer is selected to have a system to easily and reliably charge different kinds of underwater robots. The secondary coil and its magnetic core are designed to be placed inside a bioinspired robot; the weight, dimensions, and power output for battery charging are optimized. The shape of the secondary magnetic core section is hollow to house the control electronics and sensors. The primary coil is the power inductor, which is placed in a docking unit outside the robot. Experimental results are also reported. View full abstract»

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  • Tracking Aquatic Invaders: Autonomous Robots for Monitoring Invasive Fish

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 33 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1886 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Carp is a highly invasive bottom-feeding fish that pollutes and dominates lakes by releasing harmful nutrients. Recently, biologists started studying the behavior of carp by tagging the fish with radio emitters. The biologists search for and localize the radio-tagged fish manually using a global positioning system (GPS) and a directional antenna. We are developing a novel robotic sensor system in which human effort is replaced by autonomous robots capable of finding and tracking tagged carp. In this article, we report the current state of our system. We present a new coverage algorithm for finding tagged fish and active localization algorithms for precisely localizing them. In addition to theoretical analysis and simulation results, we report results from field experiments. View full abstract»

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  • Under the Sea: Rapid Characterization of Restricted Marine Environments

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 42 - 49
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2098 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    In crisis situations, military operating units require a rapid evaluation of the local meteorological and oceanographic (METOC) conditions affecting their missions. An important role of military oceanography (MILOC) is thus to provide a timely METOC characterization of denied littoral areas [1]. Environmental sampling procedures in MILOC must be easily relocatable, discreet, and secure. Until recently, marine sampling technologies meeting these requirements were scarce. Remote sensing is the technology mostly used by navies to assess environmental conditions in restricted areas [2]. Very-near-shore bathymetry, sea state, surface currents, ocean color, and sea surface temperature (SST) are among the pieces of environmental information that can be obtained by means of remote sensors. Although valuable, this information is not sufficient to fully assess the three-dimensional (3-D) variability of the environment. Numerical approaches that simulate the ocean dynamics may provide additional information on the environmental conditions. In the coastal regions, numerical ocean models of different spatiotemporal resolutions are generally nested to downscale METOC information to the region of interest [3]. Numerical procedures used to feed back dynamical information between the models with different resolutions inevitably introduce errors in this nesting process. In addition, at present, the uncertainties in physical parameterizations, forcing, and model initialization limit the accuracy of model forecasts. View full abstract»

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  • Robotized Plant Probing: Leaf Segmentation Utilizing Time-of-Flight Data

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 50 - 59
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    Supervision of long-lasting extensive botanic experiments is a promising robotic application that some recent technological advances have made feasible. Plant modeling for this application has strong demands, particularly in what concerns three-dimensional (3-D) information gathering and speed. View full abstract»

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  • Structure-Reconfiguring Robots: Autonomous Truss Reconfiguration and Manipulation

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 60 - 71
    Multimedia
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (3077 KB)  

    In this article, we present a robot capable of autonomously traversing and manipulating a three-dimensional (3-D) truss structure. The robot can approach and traverse multiple structural joints using a combination of translational and rotational motions. A key factor in allowing reliable motion and engagement is the use of specially designed structural building blocks comprised of bidirectional geared rods. A set of traversal plans, each comprised of basic motion primitives, were analyzed for speed, robustness, and repeatability. Paths covering eight joints are demonstrated, as well as automatic element assembly and disassembly. We suggest that the robot architecture and truss module design, such as the one presented here, could open the door to robotically assembled, maintained, and reconfigured structures that would ordinarily be difficult, risky, or time consuming for humans to construct. View full abstract»

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  • Development of the UB Hand IV: Overview of Design Solutions and Enabling Technologies

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 72 - 81
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (3776 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The replication of the human hand's functionality and appearance is one of the main reasons for the development of robot hands. Despite 40 years of research in the field [1], the reproduction of human capabilities, in terms of dexterous manipulation, still seems unachievable by the state-of-the-art technologies. From a design perspective, even defining the optimal functionalities of a robotic end-effector is quite a challenging task since possible applications of these devices span industrial robotics, humanoid robotics, rehabilitation medicines, and prosthetics, to name a few. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the design solutions, which are well suited to a single domain, might not be readily taken as general guidelines. For example, industrial manipulators are often equipped with basic grippers, which are conceived so as to increase the throughput and the reliability, and are assumed to operate in structured environments. In this case, the enhanced manipulation skills and the subsequent cost increases must be carefully motivated by the application requirements. View full abstract»

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  • All the Robots Merely Players: History of Player and Stage Software

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 82 - 90
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1501 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    When robot researchers talk about robot middle ware, inevitably Player will enter the discussion. This piece of software and its related tools have become one of the most popular software tools in robotics research. Its range of hardware support and the flexibility it offers users, as well as its ease of use and shallow learning curve, have ensured its success. View full abstract»

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  • ICRA 2013 - A Snapshot for the Students [Student's Corner]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 92 - 102
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  • Call for Student Activities Committee (SAC) Chair and Co-Chairs

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 93
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  • Attracting and Retaining Young Japanese Women in Robotics [Women in Engineering]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 94 - 95
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (545 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Japan is well known for having one of the lowest percentages of women pursuing careers in engineering (<;10%), both in industry and at the academic level. Although some efforts have been made to attract women, cultural traditions are still too strong to be tackled, and only a few girls enter universities to study engineering (~11% versus 65% in social science and literature). Despite efforts to increase it, this figure has been stable for the past ten years. For mechanical engineering, the percentage drops to less than 10%, making female students, faculties, and professionals almost marginal. View full abstract»

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  • Hacking Electronics: An Illustrated DIY Guide for Makers and Hobbyists (Monk, S.; 2013) [On the Shelf]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 96 - 103
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  • 2013 RAS AdCom Election

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 97
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  • Society Awards [Society News]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 98 - 102
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  • [Calendar]

    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 103
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Aims & Scope

IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine is a unique technology publication which is peer-reviewed, readable and substantive.  The Magazine is a forum for articles which fall between the academic and theoretical orientation of scholarly journals and vendor sponsored trade publications.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Eugenio Guglielmelli
Laboratory of Biomedical Robotics
      and Biomicrosystems
Universita' Campus Bio-Medico
      di Roma