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Simulation of Expansion of Thermal Shock and Pressure Waves Inducaed by a Streamer Dynamics in Positive DC Corona Discharges

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7 Author(s)
Samira Kacem ; Unité de Recherche EMIR, Monastir, Tunisia ; Olivier Ducasse ; Olivier Eichwald ; Mohammed Yousfi
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This paper is devoted to the simulation of the thermal shock and the induced pressure-waves expansion, generated by a dc pin-to-plan corona discharge in the air at ambient temperatures and under atmospheric pressure. The positive dc voltage applied to the tip generates a monofilamentary streamer that crosses the gap from the tip toward the plan. The simulation models are based on the coupling of a 2-D dynamics streamer model with the hydrodynamics conservation equations of a compressible gas. The source term for the gas dynamics equations takes into account the fast-energy relaxation from excited molecules to the random thermal energy. The simulation shows that the streamers generate a thermal shock near the anodic tip, which induces high pressure gradients and finally the gas expansion. The thermal shock is located just in front of the anodic tip, where the injected energy density is the highest. After 0.3 μs, the mean gas temperature increases up to around 800 K in a small volume just in front of the anodic tip while the maximum temperature reaches 1200 K. In addition, two pressure waves, a spherical and a cylindrical one, are induced with a propagation velocity of 370 m s-1 i.e., close to the speed of sound in air.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 4 )