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Advanced Control for Very Fast DC-DC Converters Based on Hysteresis of the {C}_{out} Current

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6 Author(s)
Huerta, S.C. ; Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University of Toronto, Madrid, Canada ; Soto, A. ; Alou, P. ; Oliver, J.A.
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The bandwidth achievable by using voltage mode control or current mode control in switch-mode power supply is limited by the switching frequency. Fast transient response requires high switching frequency, although lower switching frequencies could be more suitable for higher efficiency. This paper proposes the use of hysteretic control of the output capacitor $(C_{out})$ current to improve the dynamic response of the buck converter. An external voltage loop is required to accurately regulate the output voltage. The design of the hysteretic loop and the voltage loop are presented. Besides, it is presented a non-invasive current sensor that allows measuring the current in the capacitor. This strategy has been applied for DVS (dynamic voltage scaling) on a 5 MHz buck converter. Experimental results validate the proposed control technique and show fast transient response from 1.5 V to 2.5 V in 2 $mu{rm s}$.

Published in:

Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

April 2013

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