Fast Discriminative Visual Codebooks using Randomized Clustering Forests

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3 Author(s)

Some of the most effective recent methods for content-based image classification work by extracting dense or sparse local image descriptors, quantizing them according to a coding rule such as k-means vector quantization, accumulating histograms of the resulting “visual word” codes over the image, and classifying these with a conventional classifier such as an SVM. Large numbers of descriptors and large codebooks are needed for good results and this becomes slow using k-means. We introduce Extremely Randomized Clustering Forests — ensembles of randomly created clustering trees — and show that these provide more accurate results, much faster training and testing and good resistance to background clutter in several state-of-the-art image classification tasks.