Scheduled System Maintenance
On Tuesday, May 22, IEEE Xplore will undergo scheduled maintenance. Single article sales and account management will be unavailable
from 6:00am–5:00pm ET. There may be intermittent impact on performance from noon–6:00pm ET.
We apologize for the inconvenience.

Cellular Automata Model Of Emergent Collective Bi-Directional Pedestrian Dynamics

Sign In

Full text access may be available.

To access full text, please use your member or institutional sign in.

The purchase and pricing options for this item are unavailable. Select items are only available as part of a subscription package. You may try again later or contact us for more information.
4 Author(s)

This paper describes the application of an Artificial Life cellular automata (CA) microsimulation to model the emergent collective behavior of bi-directional pedestrian flows. Since pedestrian flow is inherently complex, even more so than vehicular flow, previous CA models developed for vehicle flow are not directly applicable. Itis shown that a relatively small rule Set is capable of effectively capturing the collective behaviors of pedestrians who are autonomous at the micro-level. The model provides for simulating three modes of bi-directional pedestrian flow: (a) flows in directionally separated lanes, (b) interspersed flow, and (c) dynamic multi-lane flow. The emergent behavior that arises from the model is consistent with well-established fundamental properties of pedestrian flows