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Reconstruction of 3-D road geometry from images for autonomous land vehicles

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2 Author(s)
Kanatani, K. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Gunma Univ., Japan ; Watanabe, K.

A novel algorithm for reconstructing 3-D road geometry from images is presented for the purpose of autonomously navigating land vehicles. The reconstruction is based on an idealized road model: a road is assumed to be generated by a horizontal line segment of a fixed length sweeping in the scene. The constraints that ideal road images must satisfy are expressed as a set of differential equations; the 3-D road geometry is reconstructed by numerically integrating these equations. In order to prevent numerical instability, a correction scheme is proposed for stabilizing computation: at each numerical integration step, the computed solution is modified in such a way that the required constraint is always satisfied. Some examples based on real road images are shown. The inherent ill-posedness of the problem and related technical issues are discussed in detail

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Robotics and Automation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 1 )