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Virtual truss model for characterization of internal forces for multiple finger grasps

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1 Author(s)
T. Yoshikawa ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Kyoto Univ., Japan

It is well known that any internal force for three finger grasps with frictional point contacts can usually be decomposed into three pushing or pulling force components along the three lines joining the contact points. This paper studies the question of how far this intuitive decomposition can go for general multiple finger grasps. We propose a virtual truss model for the grasped object for characterizing the internal force and show that this characterization is valid for general multiple finger grasps under a nondegeneracy condition. We also discuss some degenerate cases and give a method of extending the virtual truss model to cope with these special cases. Based on this characterization, we give an explicit formulation of the categorization by Ponce et al. (1993) of four finger grasps into concurrent, pencil, and regulus grasps. A procedure is also given for obtaining a nonredundant expression of all possible internal forces from this characterization

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 5 )