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Experiments in aligning threaded parts using a robot hand

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2 Author(s)
Diftler, M.A. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Clemson Univ., SC, USA ; Walker, I.D.

Techniques for determining and correcting threaded part alignment using force and angular position data are developed to augment currently limited techniques for aligning threaded parts. These new techniques are based on backspinning a nut with respect to a bolt and measuring the force change that occurs when the bolt “falls” into the nut. Kinematic models that describe the relationship between threaded parts during backspinning are introduced and are used to show how angular alignment may be determined. The models indicate how to distinguish between the aligned and misaligned cases of a bolt and a nut connection by using axial force data only. In addition, by tracking the in-plane relative attitude of the bolt during spinning, data can be obtained on the direction of the angular misalignment which, in turn, is used to correct the misalignment. Results from experiments using a bolt held in a specialized fixture and a three fingered Stanford/JPL hand are presented

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Robotics and Automation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 5 )