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This paper discusses underdetermined blind source separation (BSS) using a compressed sensing (CS) approach, which contains two stages. In the first stage we exploit a modified K-means method to estimate the unknown mixing matrix. The second stage is to separate the sources from the mixed signals using the estimated mixing matrix from the first stage. In the second stage a two-layer sparsity model is used. The two-layer sparsity model assumes that the low frequency components of speech signals are sparse on K-SVD dictionary and the high frequency components are sparse on discrete cosine transformation (DCT) dictionary. This model, taking advantage of two dictionaries, can produce effective separation performance even if the sources are not sparse in time-frequency (TF) domain.