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This technical note deals with a general class of discrete 2-D possibly nonlinear systems based on the Roesser model. We first motivate the introduction of Lyapunov type definitions of asymptotic and exponential stability. This will allow us to introduce and discuss several particularities that cannot be found in 1-D systems. Once this background has been carefully designed, we develop different Lyapunov theorems in order to check asymptotic and exponential stability of nonlinear 2-D systems. Finally we propose the first converse Lyapunov theorem in the case of exponential stability.