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Asymptotic gain and adaptive control are studied for persistent dwell-time switched systems. Ultimate variations of auxiliary functions are considered for existence of asymptotic gain and a gauge design is introduced for switching-uniform adaptive control by partial state feedback and output feedback of switched systems subject to unmeasured dynamics and persistent dwell-time switching. The usage of the controlled dynamics as a gauge for the instability mode of the unmeasured dynamics makes it possible to design a control rendering the evolution of the overall system interchangeably driven by the stable modes of the controlled and unmeasured dynamics. Unmeasured-state dependent control gains are dealt with and unknown time-varying parameters are attenuated via asymptotic gain. Verification of asymptotic gain conditions is based on the relation between dissipation rates of unmeasured dynamics and timing characterizations ??p and T p of switching sequences.