Scheduled System Maintenance
On Tuesday, May 22, IEEE Xplore will undergo scheduled maintenance. Single article sales and account management will be unavailable
from 6:00am–5:00pm ET. There may be intermittent impact on performance from noon–6:00pm ET.
We apologize for the inconvenience.

IEE Proceedings A - Physical Science, Measurement and Instrumentation, Management and Education

Published from 1989-1990, IEE Proceedings A contained significant and original contributions on physical science, measurement and instrumentation, management and education, together with topics of general interest to electrical engineers.

Aims & Scope