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University as a Bridge from Technology to Society. IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society (Cat. No.00CH37043)

8-8 Sept. 2000

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  • University as a Bridge from Technology to Society. IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society (Cat. No.00CH37043)

    Publication Year: 2000
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Index of authors

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s): 0_2
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • SENECA method for a social evaluation of energy projects

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):251 - 256
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (460 KB)

    The article suggests an experimental method for supporting evaluations of social consequences due to energetic projects in developing countries. It attempts to forecast possible side effects in the social-cultural texture of small rural communities View full abstract»

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  • Internet marketing, consumer surveillance and personal privacy: social exchange or panoptic control?

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):275 - 278
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (368 KB)

    The purpose of the paper is to address the tension between Internet marketers' routine collection and use of personal information, and consumer privacy concerns. Specifically, the paper identifies two contrasting perspectives into consumer surveillance associated with Internet marketing mechanisms and privacy concerns: the social exchange approach and the panoptic control approach. Following the b... View full abstract»

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  • Assimilating technology into culture: perspectives on the role of advertisements

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):223 - 228
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (536 KB)

    Explores the psychological strategies utilized by magazine advertisements for computer-based technologies, accessories and applications. An analysis of recent advertisements that largely rely upon visual, nonverbal content identifies the following frequently-employed approaches: (A) association, analogy and metaphor; (B) incongruities; (C) appeals to the social motives of affiliation, achievement ... View full abstract»

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  • Systems analysis as interactive construction: how to distinguish between reliable results and nonsense?

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):151 - 156
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (620 KB)

    The quality assurance of integrative and interdisciplinary research raises specific problems. It is shown that results of systems analysis-being considered as a tool for integrative research in technology assessment-depend on a manifold of preempirical decisions which are made due to ethically, politically or socially relevant criteria. This fact leads to the necessity for interactivity in designi... View full abstract»

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  • Nurses as a bridge from technology to patients

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):107 - 108
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (200 KB)

    Health operators make use of technology more and more frequently and with greater confidence and conviction. Many patients, however, seem to distrust and have difficulty in accepting some of the technological applications which are quite widely used in our country in the diagnosis and therapy of many diseases. The role of mediating between patients and technology usually falls to nurses since it i... View full abstract»

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  • Working from home

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):127 - 132
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (476 KB)

    This paper discusses how the advances of modern technology have greatly enlarged the possibilities for a number of people who either need or wish to work from home. The variety of professions as well as the skills, importance of the work and remuneration for such tasks has significantly increased in the last few years. The availability as well as the size and cost of the equipment needed to perfor... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of the individual in IT standardisation

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):217 - 222
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (560 KB)

    This paper contributes to a better understanding of how standards actually emerge, by having a closer look at what is going on inside standards-setting committees. It discusses the results of a study of long-standing members of committees in charge of standardising electronic messaging systems, from the ISO, the ITU and the IETF. I look at who they are, where they come from, which roles they assum... View full abstract»

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  • The university as a bridge between technology and society-in the Indian context

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):147 - 150
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    The concept of Humanism is for the better and peaceful living of the human being. Scientific advancement and technological means would give a better living condition in the changing world. For this, an organised institutional setup is needed. The universities in the new millennium must take the task of channelising the institutions appropriately, to make the people realise the qualitative fruit of... View full abstract»

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  • New technologies in humanitarian demining operations

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):101 - 105
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (480 KB)

    Widely spread local war conflicts all over the world often involving non-regular (partisan) military units have resulted in intensive use of various types of mine. Mines are installed both in the soil and on its surface and represent a material threat to the peaceful population for a long period after the conflict has been terminated. New technologies and devices are needed to resolve tasks in hum... View full abstract»

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  • Platonic information technology-reading Plato: cultural influences and philosophical reflection on information and technology

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):163 - 168
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (684 KB)

    The essence of technology has been well studied, but its newer forms of biotechnology and information technology (IT) are discussed much less. Plato and Aristotle as representatives of our heritage from the Greek thought are proposed as an alternative to the confusing plurality of later philosophical schools for understanding these new forms. This paper is based on a reading of Plato's collected w... View full abstract»

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  • A critique of the U.S. Genetic Privacy Act

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):279 - 280
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (168 KB)

    The paper critiques and revises the US Genetic Privacy Act that proposes Federal legislation to “protect the genetic privacy of individuals”. The Act safeguards the privacy of an individual from whom genetic information is gathered (the sample source), but fails to protect the privacy of others genetically related to the sample source. E.g., the Act does not prevent a sample source fro... View full abstract»

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  • Is technology masculine? Theorising the absence of women

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):121 - 126
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    Why are women under-represented in engineering and other technological and scientific careers? Is technology masculine? If so, in which ways is it masculine? Is it possible to have `gender-neutral' technology? This paper explores feminist theories of the gender-technology relation in order to answer these and other questions View full abstract»

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  • A decision support system for holistic technology assessment

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):269 - 274
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    The objective of our decision support system is to provide its users with an independent, objective and credible assessment of both mature and emerging technologies, taking into account aggregated technical, economic, social, strategic, and environmental criteria. It is well known that such holistic technology assessment is a process rather than a set of techniques, and involves consultation and i... View full abstract»

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  • Theories of technology and the making of public policy-taking local action in a global information society

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):297 - 302
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    Case studies of community informatics in North West England are used to assess the capacity of theories from the social studies of technology to inform public policy making. Our findings prompt us to look at models which link local action with global developments View full abstract»

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  • Promoting Internet literacy in isolated communities: a teaching experiment on information society at the University of the Aegean

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):63 - 66
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (300 KB)

    Communicating science and technology (S&T) to the public has been revolutionised by the emergence of Internet. Since the early 1970s computer literacy has occupied the agenda of awareness actions addressed to the general public through the use of traditional channels of communication. Since 1994 ICT or rather Internet literacy has been at the center of concerns due to the exponential growth of... View full abstract»

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  • Human components in productive systems

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):213 - 216
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    A systemic view of a productive system is presented, based on three ontologically different resources. The crucial features of this view are: (i) the weaknesses and strengths of a system reside in the interactions among the components; and (ii) the history of interactions explains the ontology of each resource. The view is illustrated through a brief description of the interactions occurring in th... View full abstract»

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  • Improving the bridge: making engineering education broader and longer

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):7 - 12
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    In response to the need to prepare engineers to be aware of and sensitive to the cultural, political, and social aspects of their work, McMaster University began a five-year Engineering and Society Programme in 1991. The complete technical education in a selected engineering discipline is supplemented with a set of seven courses which examine the complex interactions between technology and society... View full abstract»

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  • Trust and monitoring in the workplace

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):245 - 250
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (580 KB)

    Successful living in groups or in relationships requires some trust. In this paper, the idea of trust is explored and an account is given in terms of “seeing as”. While trust is perhaps not a moral notion, it is closely related to important moral notions, e.g. trustworthiness (obviously), and respect for others. It is difficult to have a well-functioning and happy community or workplac... View full abstract»

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  • Scientific, medical and industrial issues in breast and ovarian cancer genes research

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):91 - 99
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (772 KB)

    This paper explores the strategies used by researchers in the study of breast and ovarian cancer genes. Researchers are confronted with a variety of important issues. First, they vie for financial support and recognition both inside and outside their scientific community. Second, they must deal with industry, whose interest lies in the development of potential tests and therapies. Third, they are ... View full abstract»

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  • The breakdown of a theory and the efforts to describe nature

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):47 - 50
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (372 KB)

    Quantum theory and the general theory of relativity are the two celebrated discoveries of the twentieth century. The theory of gravity breaks down at Big Bang-the possible starting phase of the universe. Quantum theory is able to work in lower regimes of dimensions. If the predictions of quantum theory are correct, then it could provide a complete description of nature. Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen par... View full abstract»

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  • Electromagnetic fields and precautionary policies

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):261 - 262
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    The article reviews precautionary approaches to EMF regulation that have been taken by several European countries. It also discusses a recent commentary by the European Commission on the use of the precautionary principle View full abstract»

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  • Science and technology: exploring the new bureaucratic culture

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):115 - 120
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (420 KB)

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the intersection of science, knowledge, informatics and technocratic specialization with power. What has been done in the last century was the division between the scientific-technological progress and the ethical progress. The responsibility does not belong to science, but to the political discourse. We often pretend not to see the fact that the technological s... View full abstract»

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  • The integration of information/decision technologies, community service, and service learning in a university environment

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):281 - 285
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    We discuss a series of multidisciplinary research projects in which various information/decision technologies are being used by university researchers and teams of university students, in cooperation with government organizations and neighborhood associations, to assist residents of low income areas to develop reliable methods for identifying specific neighborhood problems, and to use those method... View full abstract»

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