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Communication Synchronization in Cluster-Based Sensor Networks for Cyber-Physical Systems

Figure 1

Figure 1
An example network with chain topology.

Figure 2

Figure 2
The new clustering structure includes CHs, relay nodes and members. The packet transmissions for the center cluster are shown.

Figure 3

Figure 3
Timing of data gathering at a CH in NCS.

Figure 4

Figure 4
End-to-end packet delay of four scheduling approaches under different packet generation rates.

Figure 5

Figure 5
Network throughput with four scheduling approaches.

Figure 6

Figure 6
Maximum generation rate achieved with different collection durations in NCS.

Figure 7

Figure 7
Box plot of network lifetime under different transmission ranges. The dashed line represents the network lifetime when CBS is adopted.