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Summarizing the First Ten Years of NASA's Aqua Mission

Figure 1

Figure 1
Artist's rendition of the Aqua spacecraft in orbit. (Rendering by Marit Jentoft-Nilsen, based on an earlier version by TRW/Northrop Grumman.)

Figure 2

Figure 2
Reflected shortwave radiation (top) and outgoing longwave radiation (bottom), March 18, 2011, as derived from Aqua CERES data. Longwave radiation is particularly low over the ice sheets of Antarctica and Greenland, plus where clouds block radiation from the surface from exiting to space. (Images from Tak Wong and the CERES Science Team, with relabeling.)

Figure 3

Figure 3
Average January 2003 upper atmosphere water vapor (above the 500 mb level), as derived from AIRS/AMSU data. (Image from the AIRS Science Team.)

Figure 4

Figure 4
Average September 2011 cloud liquid water over the oceans, as derived from AMSR-E data. (Image from Remote Sensing Systems, with relabeling.)

Figure 5

Figure 5
Average rainfall rates (mm/day) in July 2009, as derived from AMSR-E data. White signifies areas of no rain. (Image from Dave Randel and the AMSR-E Science Team.)

Figure 6

Figure 6
Mid-tropospheric CO2 concentrations (ppm) for July 2003, as derived from AIRS/AMSU data. (Image from Moustafa Chahine and the AIRS Science Team.)

Figure 7

Figure 7
Aqua MODIS image of a sandstorm over Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf on March 26, 2011. (Image from Jeff Schmaltz of the MODIS Rapid Response Team.)

Figure 8

Figure 8
Arctic sea ice coverage on September 14, 2007, as imaged from AMSR-E data. The September 14, 2007 ice cover was the record minimum for the period of the multi-channel passive-microwave satellite record, starting in late 1978, until August 2012, when a new record was set. Greenland is centered near the top of the image, and an easy route through the Northwest Passage is visible in the right half of the image. (AMSR-E data from JAXA; visualization by the NASA Scientific Visualization Studio.)

Figure 9

Figure 9
Global image of the dimensionless Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) averaged over the 16-day period August 4–19, 2012, as derived from Aqua MODIS data and clearly showing the Earth's major deserts (including the Sahara, Arabian, and Gobi deserts and desert areas in Australia and the southwestern United States) as low in vegetation and the tropical rainforests as high in vegetation. (Image from Marit Jentoft-Nilsen, based on data from the MODIS Science Team, with relabeling.)

Figure 10

Figure 10
Aqua MODIS image of forest fires in Oregon, in the northwest United States, on August 12, 2002. Such images assist forest services in monitoring forest fires and determining the appropriate deployment of fire fighters.

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