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# IET Electrical Systems in Transportation

Includes the top 50 most frequently accessed documents for this publication according to the usage statistics for the month of

• ### Conceptual propulsion system design for a hydrogen-powered regional train

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):56 - 66
| | PDF (1335 KB)

Many railway vehicles use diesel as their energy source but exhaust emissions and concerns about economical fuel supply demand alternatives. Railway electrification is not cost effective for some routes, particularly low-traffic density regional lines. The journey of a regional diesel-electric train is simulated over the British route Birmingham Moor Street to Stratford-upon-Avon and return to est... View full abstract»

• ### Fault classification and diagnostic system for unmanned aerial vehicle electrical networks based on hidden Markov models

Publication Year: 2015, Page(s):103 - 111
| | PDF (702 KB)

In recent years there has been an increase in the number of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) applications intended for various missions in a variety of environments. The adoption of the more-electric aircraft has led to a greater emphasis on electrical power systems (EPS) for safe flight through an increased number of critical loads being sourced with electrical power. Despite extensive literature de... View full abstract»

• ### Hybrid railway power quality conditioner for high-capacity traction substation with auto-tuned DC-link controller

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):207 - 214
| | PDF (780 KB)

Power quality was always a major concern in designing an electric supply system for railways. Since electric railcars are usually single-phase loads, they draw high amounts of negative sequence component of currents, in addition to harmonic contents and transient currents. Therefore, many compensation methods were examined to improve the power quality indices. The active power quality conditioner ... View full abstract»

• ### Efficiency improved sensorless control scheme for electric vehicle induction motors

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):122 - 131
Cited by:  Papers (3)
| | PDF (1201 KB)

This study presents an energy efficient and speed-sensorless control scheme for electric vehicle induction motors (IMs). The IM drive is designed to feature characteristics such as fast dynamic response, high efficiency and low cost. Hybrid field orientation control (FOC) and direct torque control (DTC) is employed as the main control method of IM drive. This method enjoys the advantages of both F... View full abstract»

• ### Hybrid electric excursion ships power supply system based on a multiple energy storage system

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):190 - 201
| | PDF (1315 KB)

This study presents the multiple energy storage elements usability for ships using a passive hybrid topology. The considered hybridisation is based on a passive parallel topology connecting NiMH batteries and SuperCapacitors to a DC power distribution by a bidirectional DC/DC converter. The overall propulsion architecture is a hybrid series system where an engine-generator group is the main energy... View full abstract»

• ### Energy management strategy for a fuel cell hybrid vehicle based on maximum efficiency and maximum power identification

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):261 - 268
| | PDF (5573 KB)

This paper addresses the energy management strategy (EMS) for a fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle (FC-HEV). The fuel cell system (FCS) is a multi-physics system, and consequently, its energetic performances depend on the degradation and on the operating conditions. The maximum power (MP) and the maximum efficiency (ME) points of the FCS are unique but they move with operating condition variations.... View full abstract»

• ### Electric vehicles' impact on british distribution networks

Publication Year: 2012, Page(s):91 - 102
Cited by:  Papers (20)
| | PDF (1163 KB)

Battery charging of electric vehicles (EVs) will increase the power demand in distribution networks. It is anticipated that this will cause voltage drops, thermal overloads and an increase in losses. The severity of the impact will depend on the EV owners' behaviour. A generic three-phase low voltage (LV) residential distribution network model was used to evaluate the effects of EV battery chargin... View full abstract»

• ### Energy evaluation of the power network of a DC railway system with regenerating trains

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):41 - 49
Cited by:  Papers (2)
| | PDF (893 KB)

Regenerating trains are now in common use on many DC fed railway systems, and train operating companies are able to get a discount on their energy costs if regeneration is active. The electrical energy consumption in a DC system is significant, and a comprehensive understanding of how regeneration affects the overall system energy consumption has not been developed. This study presents a simulatio... View full abstract»

• ### Modelling of cryogenic cooling system design concepts for superconducting aircraft propulsion

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):170 - 178
| | PDF (1033 KB)

Distributed propulsion concepts are promising in terms of improved fuel burn, better aerodynamic performance, and greater control. Superconducting networks are being considered for their superior power density and efficiency. This study discusses the design of cryogenic cooling systems which are essential for normal operation of superconducting materials. This research project has identified six k... View full abstract»

• ### Optimal sizing of an electrical machine using a magnetic circuit model: application to a hybrid electrical vehicle

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):27 - 33
| | PDF (453 KB)

Numerous researches about hybrid electrical vehicles (HEVs) deal with topologies, technologies, sizing and control. These aspects allow reducing transportation costs and environmental impacts. This study focuses on the sizing of the electrical machine (EM) of the HEV, taking into account its surroundings: the hybrid system, the driving cycle and an optimal energy management. In this study, the par... View full abstract»

• ### Choice of optimal voltage for more electric aircraft wiring systems

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):24 - 30
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| | PDF (444 KB)

Increased electrical power demands are being experienced on the new generation of aircraft due to an increased reliance on electrical technology such as air conditioning, de-icing systems and electrical flight control actuation. Distribution of power at higher voltages is therefore now being seen in modern aircraft to avoid the penalties incurred due to high wire weights. Voltages have increased p... View full abstract»

• ### Modelling of lithium-ion battery for online energy management systems

Publication Year: 2012, Page(s):202 - 210
Cited by:  Papers (9)
| | PDF (491 KB)

This study presents a new equivalent lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery model for online energy management system. It has an equilibrium potential E and an equivalent internal resistance Rint. The equilibrium potential E is expressed as a function of state-of-charge (SOC), current and temperature. The equivalent internal resistance Rint includes R... View full abstract»

• ### Event driven duty cycling: an efficient power management scheme for a solar-energy harvested road side unit

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):222 - 235
| | PDF (1215 KB)

In this study the authors deal with different issues resulting from the practical implementation of a self-powered road side unit (RSU). Here, the authors suggest that a RSU can harvest the energy needed for its work from the surrounding environment, especially the solar energy. Such a suggestion permits to install the RSUs in any place without considering the power supply availability and hence, ... View full abstract»

• ### Optimal design of line level control resonant converters in plug-in hybrid electric vehicle battery chargers

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):21 - 28
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (717 KB)

The series-parallel resonant converter (also called line level control (LLC) resonant converter) is one of the most suitable topologies for dc-dc power supply. This study introduces the LLC resonant converter into the on-board battery chargers for the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Different from the previous literature which has focused on the wide operation range and hold-u... View full abstract»

• ### Analysis of static VAr compensators installed in different positions in electric railways

Publication Year: 2015, Page(s):129 - 134
Cited by:  Papers (3)
| | PDF (431 KB)

With the power quality problems of electric railways becoming more and more serious, static VAr compensators (SVCs) have been widely used for power quality management. SVCs can be installed in the low-voltage side of traction substations, the high-voltage side of traction substations or the electric railway power supply side of substations. Different installation positions result in different comp... View full abstract»

• ### State-of-charge and state-of-health estimation with state constraints and current sensor bias correction for electrified powertrain vehicle batteries

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):136 - 144
Cited by:  Papers (3)
| | PDF (552 KB)

Pragmatic approaches are proposed to enhance battery state estimation using Kalman filter (KF) and extended KF. Notable novelties introduced include: the use of state/parameter constraints, asymmetric equivalent circuit model behaviour, inclusion of nominal models, and current sensor measurement bias estimation and compensation. The so-called delta parameters are estimated to handle cell variation... View full abstract»

• ### Modelling and simulation of regeneration in AC traction propulsion system of electrified railway

Publication Year: 2015, Page(s):145 - 155
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (892 KB)

This paper presents a robust model and its simulation to investigate the performance of an AC propulsion system in a rail vehicle for directly returning the regenerative braking power to the feeder substation of an AC traction network. This direct returning method can be an efficient approach for energy recovery if the regenerative braking is reliably applied. However, it is shown that this method... View full abstract»

• ### Future vision for reduction of range anxiety by using an improved state of charge estimation algorithm for electric vehicle batteries implemented with low-cost microcontrollers

Publication Year: 2015, Page(s):24 - 32
Cited by:  Papers (2)
| | PDF (485 KB)

The fear of being stranded by a depleted electric vehicle (EV) battery is commonly referred to as range anxiety'. This study explores a future vision for a comprehensive driver alerting algorithm to reduce the range anxiety by increasing the accuracy of the EV range estimation method. The key piece of information required to achieve this is an accurate battery state of charge (SoC) estimation. Th... View full abstract»

• ### Artificial neural network-based fault diagnosis in the AC–DC converter of the power supply of series hybrid electric vehicle

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):96 - 106
| | PDF (1394 KB)

AC-DC converter switches of the drive train of series hybrid electric vehicles (SHEVs) are generally exposed to the possibility of outbreak open-phase faults because of troubles with the switching devices. In this framework, the present study proposes an artificial neural network (ANN)-based method for fault diagnosis after extraction of a new pattern. The new pattern under AC-DC converter failure... View full abstract»

• ### Self-regulating particle swarm optimised controller for (photovoltaic-fuel cell) battery charging of hybrid electric vehicles

Publication Year: 2012, Page(s):77 - 89
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| | PDF (342 KB)

This study presents the use of hybrid photovoltaic-fuel cell (PV-FC) renewable energy scheme for vehicle-to-grid (V2G) battery-charging stations. The hybrid PV-FC DC interface scheme is dynamically controlled using a self-regulating tri-loop controller based on multi-objective particle swarm optimisation. The proposed utilisation scheme ensures efficient DC source energy utilisation from the hybri... View full abstract»

• ### Effects of earthing systems on stray current for corrosion and safety behaviour in practical metro systems

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):69 - 79
Cited by:  Papers (3)
| | PDF (770 KB)

Running rails are used as the return path for the train current in most DC electrified rail transit systems. The resultant rail voltage causes stray current to return to the DC supply source via other paths, such as nearby metallic infrastructure. Stray current is the main cause of corrosion in metallic parts located in the railway proximity. This study reviews various earthing schemes including t... View full abstract»

• ### Permanent-magnet synchronous motor drive system for electric vehicles using bidirectional z-source inverter

Publication Year: 2012, Page(s):178 - 185
Cited by:  Papers (4)
| | PDF (680 KB)

Permanent-magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) are capable of providing high torque-to-current ratios, high power-to-weight ratios, high efficiency and robustness. Owing to these advantages, PMSM are widely used in modern variable speed AC drives, especially in electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid EV applications. In this study, a novel PMSM drive system with a bidirectional Z-source inverter (ZSI)... View full abstract»

• ### Comparison of electromagnetic performance of switched flux permanent magnet machines with mechanical flux adjusters

Publication Year: 2015, Page(s):175 - 184
| | PDF (1679 KB)

In this study, a mechanical flux adjusting technique for the switched flux permanent magnet (SFPM) machines is presented to improve the flux-weakening capability by extending the speed range. The ferromagnetic material pieces, that is, flux adjusters (FAs), are located on the outside surface of the stator poles equipped with permanent magnet (PM) and used to weaken the PM flux via short-circuit. T... View full abstract»

• ### Load flow analysis and future development study for an AC electric railway

Publication Year: 2012, Page(s):139 - 147
Cited by:  Papers (11)
| | PDF (892 KB)

This study presents a forward/backward sweep (FBS) load flow method for AC autotransformer (AT)-fed electrical railway networks considering dynamic movement of trains. Field measurements of Tehran-Golshahr suburban railway are compared with simulation results. Moreover, effects of the time headway reduction on this suburban railway and its transmission power supply system are investigated. Then, t... View full abstract»

• ### Multiphysics analysis of busbars with various arrangements under short-circuit condition

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):237 - 245
| | PDF (4194 KB)

This study presents a coupled electric-magnetic-thermal-mechanical analysis of various busbar arrangements under short-circuit conditions. The Lorentz force, mechanical displacement, and temperature rise in three busbar arrangements are investigated. Busbar systems are studied considering the detailed two-way interactions among separate continuum physics. To this aim, the multiphysics modelling of... View full abstract»

• ### Onboard DC grid employing smart grid technology: challenges, state of the art and future prospects

Publication Year: 2015, Page(s):1 - 11
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| | PDF (703 KB)

Research in All Electric Ship (AES) and onboard DC grids has already been initiated and it is going to be intensified because of its promising perspectives. This study aims to present in a coherent and methodical way why onboard DC distribution systems, smart grids and AES concept can greatly improve ship efficiency. Emerging technical challenges and future prospects are presented; state of the ar... View full abstract»

• ### Fault diagnosis approach of traction transformers in high-speed railway combining kernel principal component analysis with random forest

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):202 - 206
| | PDF (406 KB)

With the rapid development of high-speed railways, fault detection and diagnosis for traction transformers are more and more important, and the detection method with high accuracy is the key to assure the normal operation of the traction power supply system. A method based on kernel principal component analysis (KPCA) and random forest (RF) is proposed to diagnose the traction transformer faults i... View full abstract»

• ### Rotor skew pattern design and optimisation for cogging torque reduction

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):126 - 135
| | PDF (1205 KB)

This study examines the effects of different rotor skew patterns on the cogging torque, the excitation torque ripple, the average torque, and the axial force in an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor. A genetic algorithm is used to minimise the cogging torque for different skew patterns based on analytical functions. The optimal design obtained is verified with finite element analysis. The... View full abstract»

• ### Electrified hydraulic power steering system in hybrid electric heavy trucks

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):70 - 77
Cited by:  Papers (4)
| | PDF (972 KB)

Over the last 20 years, conventional automotive engine ancillaries have migrated from being mechanically powered to electrically powered in order to meet market demand. To adopt this trend in heavy trucks requires a higher power electrical system in order to cope with the higher loads placed upon it. Until the advent of the hybrid electric heavy truck (HET) this power infrastructure has not been a... View full abstract»

• ### Design of a new non-rare-earth magnetic variable gear for hybrid vehicular propulsion system

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):153 - 162
| | PDF (904 KB)

This study presents the design of a new non-rare-earth magnetic variable gear (MVG) with 16 electrically controlled gear ratios, which incorporates both the concept of the magnetic gear and the concept of the memory machine. The high-remanence low-coercivity permanent magnet material: namely, the aluminium-nickel-cobalt is adopted to realise the controllable gear ratios. The key is to design the s... View full abstract»

• ### Multi-objective design of a hybrid propulsion system for marine vessels

Publication Year: 2012, Page(s):148 - 157
Cited by:  Papers (3)
| | PDF (364 KB)

Hybrid vehicles offer the advantages of both conventional and electric vehicles. Improved fuel consumption is generally the main driver for these systems with the option of silent, emission-free operation also being a big advantage. Marine hybrid vehicles however, do not experience significant recovery of energy via regeneration, because of their operating profiles. Fuel savings can be realised by... View full abstract»

• ### Practical control schemes of a battery/supercapacitor system for electric vehicle

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):20 - 26
Cited by:  Papers (2)
| | PDF (735 KB)

A hybrid energy storage system for electric vehicle using supercapacitors and a battery is studied. Using energetic macroscopic representation formalism, an inversion-based control (IBC) can be deduced. A comparison between IBC and two other control schemes is performed within a practical aspect. Simulation and experimental tests with a reduced-scale test bed are provided using a real driving cycl... View full abstract»

• ### Multi-conductor model for AC railway train simulation

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):67 - 75
| | PDF (747 KB)

Railway Operators and Infrastructure Owners are required to design the railway to specific national and international, technical and safety performance standards. These standards and codes of practice provide the basis for company Codes of Practice', which detail the design methodology, application and system installation. To validate the design and to comply with these standards and codes of pra... View full abstract»

• ### Double-rotor switched reluctance machine design, simulations, and validations

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):117 - 125
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (1157 KB)

Double-rotor switched reluctance machine (DRSRM) is a new type of switched reluctance machine that is composed of two rotors and one stator integrated in one machine housing, which is potentially more compact, lower cost, and enables two mechanical outputs suitable for hybrid electric transmissions. This study presents detailed design and simulation procedures of a DRSRM. Various electromagnetic d... View full abstract»

• ### Flux-weakening operation of open-end winding drive integrating a cost-effective high-power charger

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):10 - 21
Cited by:  Papers (16)
| | PDF (1236 KB)

In this study, a three-phase drive with a six-leg voltage source inverter and an open-end winding interior permanent magnet synchronous machine designed for traction of an electric vehicle is studied in a flux-weakening operation. The topology allows the functionality of a high-power charger to be obtained, without adding any other supplementary power devices. On the other hand, since there are th... View full abstract»

• ### High-performance bi-directional Z-source inverter for locomotive drive application

Publication Year: 2015, Page(s):166 - 174
| | PDF (1002 KB)

Three-phase locomotives use voltage source inverter technology for the speed control of traction motors. The voltage source inverter is fed by single phase active front end converter connected in H bridge in the locomotives. Since the voltage source inverter works in buck mode, a higher DC-link voltage is required to provide the rated voltage of traction motors increasing the size and cost of syst... View full abstract»

• ### Real-time torque-distribution strategy for a pure electric vehicle with multiple traction motors by particle swarm optimisation

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):76 - 87
| | PDF (1327 KB)

This study proposes a real-time torque-distribution strategy for a pure electric vehicle (EV) with multi-electric propulsion system. This electric propulsion system is composed of three motors - an indirectly driven traction motor for front wheels and two in-wheel motors installed inside both rear wheels. Their torque distribution is determined by particle swarm optimisation (PSO) theory for minim... View full abstract»

• ### Guest Editorial: Special Issue based on "Energy Storage and Electric power Sub-Systems for Advanced Vehicles" For Invited Papers of IEEE-VPPC 2014

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):1 - 2
| | PDF (98 KB)

This IET Special Issue, features papers presented at VPPC 2014 and focuses on state-of-the-art research and development, as well as identifying future trends in the modelling, design, control, and optimisation of energy storage components and electric power sub-systems for advanced vehicles. These include electric vehicles (EVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (P... View full abstract»

• ### Simplified method for the assessment of ship electric power systems operation cost reduction from energy storage and renewable energy sources integration

Publication Year: 2015, Page(s):61 - 69
Cited by:  Papers (4)
| | PDF (358 KB)

The extensive electrification of ship power systems has become a very appealing option for the development of more efficient and environmentally friendly ships. Renewable energy sources and energy storage systems will have a key role in such systems as they can lead to fuel consumption reduction and increase of ship efficiency. In this study, analytic formulas are obtained for the estimation of sy... View full abstract»

• ### State-of-charge estimation with aging effect and correction for lithium-ion battery

Publication Year: 2015, Page(s):70 - 76
| | PDF (794 KB)

This study proposes Lithium-ion battery aging correction state-of-charge (SOC) estimation techniques. Although the battery is aging, the SOC error estimation system maintains the setting range using a low-cost 8 bit micro-controller. The proposed method can track and correct the open-circuit voltage against capacity in the battery management system by comparing the capacity error with the coulomb ... View full abstract»

• ### Comprehensive study on the power rating of a railway power conditioner using thyristor switched capacitor

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):97 - 106
Cited by:  Papers (6)
| | PDF (1026 KB)

AC traction networks have inherently adverse impacts on the power supply grids which mainly consist of large negative sequence current, undesirable harmonics and low power factor. To compensate all of these power quality problems, a power quality conditioner called railway power conditioner (RPC) is proposed and discussed. However, the RPC power rating is considerably dependent on the traction loa... View full abstract»

• ### Influence of machine design parameters on flux-weakening performance of induction machine for electrical vehicle application

Publication Year: 2015, Page(s):43 - 52
Cited by:  Papers (2)
| | PDF (850 KB)

This study investigates the influence of machine design parameters, mainly the mutual and leakage inductances, on the flux-weakening performance of induction machines (IMs) for electrical vehicle application. In addition, the influences of other practical issues, such as iron saturation, stator and rotor resistances and so on, are investigated. A per-unit model is employed for the investigation, w... View full abstract»

• ### Calculation of remote effects of stray currents on rail voltages in dc railways systems

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):31 - 40
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| | PDF (826 KB)

This study focuses on the analysis of the remote effects of stray currents and rail potentials along the rail line in DC traction systems, although the results can be extrapolated to AC systems. This study is essential to ensure the equipment and passenger safety, as well as the maintenance of rail infrastructures, subjected to corrosion in DC railway traction systems. The mathematical model devel... View full abstract»

• ### Optimisation of total traction current based on niche improved particle swarm algorithms

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):253 - 260
| | PDF (3446 KB)

Due to the short distance between stations in DC mass transit systems, the trains accelerate and decelerate frequently with high traction current. If numerous trains are accelerating simultaneously, an extremely high traction current peak occurs. This current will have a great impact on the power supply system, and cause elevated rail potential in reflow system. This study presents an optimal mode... View full abstract»

• ### Hybrid power generation system for aircraft electrical emergency network

Publication Year: 2011, Page(s):148 - 155
Cited by:  Papers (5)
| | PDF (890 KB)

A whole structure and two management strategies are proposed here for hybridisation of a Ram air turbine (RAT) by means of supercapacitors. Such hybrid structure is dedicated to an aircraft emergency network. The structure consists in coupling, through a 270 V DC bus, a controlled source (RAT) with a storage device interfaced through a bidirectional DC DC converter. Both the energy-management stra... View full abstract»

• ### Development and performance analysis of a novel impedance bond for railway track circuits

Publication Year: 2013, Page(s):50 - 55
| | PDF (296 KB)

The ZPW-2000 track circuit is the dominant track circuit system used in China. On standard plain line track it is used as a jointless track circuit where `tuned zones' are used to separate adjacent tracks operating at different frequencies. Owing to the complexities of station layouts it is not possible to use the ZPW-2000 as a jointless track circuit within stations, so a solution incorporating m... View full abstract»

• ### Active front-end rectifier modelling using dynamic phasors for more-electric aircraft applications

Publication Year: 2015, Page(s):77 - 87
| | PDF (886 KB)

The more-electric aircraft (MEA) has become a dominant trend for next-generation aircraft. The electrical power system (EPS) on-board may take many forms: AC, DC, hybrid, frequency-wild, variable voltage, together with the possibility of novel connectivity topologies. To address the stability, availability and capability issues as well as to assess the performance of the power quality and transien... View full abstract»

• ### Design of a controller for rail eddy current brake system

Publication Year: 2014, Page(s):38 - 44
Cited by:  Papers (1)
| | PDF (620 KB)

A rail eddy current brake (ECB) controller is proposed to produce the optimum braking and attractive forces using the variation of the reference current according to the speed. To improve the operation of the ECB, an optimal design of the controller is carried out by means of finite element method. Kriging method is utilised to reduce the computational costs. Additionally, the genetic algorithm is... View full abstract»

• ### Electric cars as part of electricity distribution - who pays, who benefits ?

Publication Year: 2012, Page(s):186 - 194
Cited by:  Papers (4)
| | PDF (634 KB)

The nature of transport and energy use is radically changing along with the upward trend of electric vehicles (EVs). This poses a challenge for the existing electricity distribution infrastructure. Key questions are: what efforts are required to guarantee that the network infrastructure has sufficient capability to deliver energy and power to the customers, and how does this development affect the... View full abstract»

• ### Limitations of testing standards for battery electric vehicles: accessories, energy usage, and range

Publication Year: 2016, Page(s):215 - 221
| | PDF (647 KB)

Issues with hydrocarbon fuel supply security, price volatility, alongside environmental, and health concerns of conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) transport technologies have raised interest in electric vehicle (EV) alternatives. However, the methods of EV testing for performance and range are inadequate adaptations from ICE testing standards designed to measure liquid fuel economy and ... View full abstract»

## Aims & Scope

IET Electrical Systems in Transportation is aimed at all aspects of electrical power systems in modern transport applications including generation, storage, distribution and utilisation.

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